MumShirl (1924-1998)

Also known as
Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs (Sydney, N.S.W.) (1924-1998)
MumShirl
Mum Shirl
MumShirl, (AM, MBE) (1924-1998)
MumShirl (1921-1998)
Mum Shirl (1924-1998)
Perry, Colleen Shirley
Perry, Colleen Shirley (1924-1998)
Smith, Colleen Shirley, ('Mum Shirl') (1924-1998)
Smith, Colleen Shirley (1924-1998)
Smith, Shirley C. (Shirley Colleen)
Smith, Shirley C. (Shirley Colleen) (1924-1998)
Smith, Shirley Colleen
Smith, Shirley Colleen (1924-1998)
Field of activity
Community Worker
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an36268353
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an58772387
NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-783718

Biographies

MumShirl was an Aboriginal woman who dedicated her life to welfare services. She visited countless Aboriginal prisoners in jail and raised 60 foster children. She was nominated a Member of the British Empire and Member of the Order of Australia for her work.

A Wiradjuri woman, MumShirl was born Colleen Shirley Perry on Erambie Mission, West Cowra, New South Wales, around 1924. Her married name was Shirley Smith.

MumShirl wrote about her life and work with Aboriginal people in her book . Her welfare work began with visits to Aboriginal people in jail, a commitment that was eventually recognised and facilitated by the provision of a pass by the Department of Corrective Services (New South Wales). Her support for prisoners earned her the nickname 'MumShirl'. During her life she also raised over 60 children in need of a parent. MumShirl was involved in supporting the Gurindji land rights claim and in establishing the Aboriginal Legal Service (1971), the Aboriginal Medical Service (1972), the Aboriginal Black Theatre, the Aboriginal Tent Embassy, the Aboriginal Children's service, the Aboriginal Housing Company and the Detoxification Centre. She worked with the Aboriginal Medical Service for many years.

In her autobiography, MumShirl recalls the day she attended the ceremony to collect her MBE medal, 11 June 1977 (her citation name was Mrs Shirley Colleen Smith). She had been nominated to become a Member of the Order of the British Empire (Civil) (and in 1985 a Member of the Order of Australia) for services to Aboriginal people. In her words:

'I never did find out who nominated me, and I didn't really know whether I ought to take it, or really what it would mean to me, but I asked around and the people I spoke to all urged me to take it… I received my citation and I felt very strange. As it was getting close to my turn, it was flashing into my mind the numbers of places where I couldn't get served; how I had had to sit on the ground at the front of the picture theatre as a child in the roped off section that Blacks had to sit in, white kids in Cowra running after us yelling, 'Nigger, nigger pull the trigger', the camps and shacks that Blacks were having to live in all over this country that was, after all, ours - and here I was, standing up here with all these well-dressed and fashionable people, waiting in turn to collect this medal which would make me a Member of the British Empire.'

The ironies of the prestigious accolade were clear to MumShirl as she resumed her day to day struggle after the ceremony. Later the Department of Corrective Services revoked her pass, making her prisoner support work near impossible. She wrote, 'the many honours that I had received over the years, and even the MBE which I had worked for and earned, none of these things could help me now. I could hardly go about my work, but I drove myself on.' Of the many 'medals and pieces of paper' that have been awarded to MumShirl she asks in the final sentence of her book, 'They must be worth something in the end, mustn't they?'

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Related people and organisations

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

Australian Women's Register

Libraries Australia

Resources for MumShirl

Selected resources (44)

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

  1. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Biographical Index (ABI) Entries

    Please be aware that some ABI records contain language, words or descriptions which may be considered offensive or distressing. These words reflect the attitude of the period in which the item was written and/or that of its author. Please also be aware that ABI records may contain references to deceased people which may cause sadness or distress.

    Names of people mentioned in this source may or may not be Indigenous.

  2. When you grow up,
    McDonald, Connie Nungulla.
    [p. 215]
    Published: Broome, WA: Magabala Books, 1996,

    Summary: Connie McDonald sent from East Perth to Sydney; resigned from Church Army in 1967; doing various jobs in Sydney and surrounds: Foundation of Aboriginal Affairs (Deidre Jones, son Mark (fostered to Annie), brothers Billy and Tommy Jones); Connie met Shirley Smith, Polly Smith, Stan Roach and wife, Tom Williams (President of Foundation), Connie Stack; worked at Kirinari Hostel, Sylvania (resigned 1975); assistance from St Vincent de Paul; living Padstow 1981; went to St James Anglican Church, King Street, Sydney with Jean Olsen

    Place: Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  3. Foley, G. Aboriginal Medical Service : Redfern, 19711991. 1991 : 5
    [1991]

    Summary: First field officer for service.

    Place: Sydney (NSW SI56-05); Redfern (Inner Sydney NSW SI56-05)

  4. Richards, Michaela. Aboriginal women. In The Australian People : an encyclopedia. 1988.
    [1988]
  5. Koorier. November 1990 : 4-5. SF25.2/5
    [1990]

    Summary: Both NSW and National NAIDOC Aborigine of the Year. For nearly 55 years Mum shirl has worked tirelessly at the community level in a totally voluntary capacity counselling young Aborigines with drug problems and making endless trips to gaols and institutions visiting Aboriginal inmates. Prominent in establishment of Aboriginal Medical Service, Aboriginal Legal Service and Royal Commission into Black Deaths in Custody.

    Place: Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  6. Fred Hollows : an autobiography.
    Hollows, Fred
    [p. 100, 105,]
    Published: Richmond, Vic. : John Kerr Pty Ltd, 1991,

    Summary: Started Aboriginal Medical Service. Photograph between p. 128-129

    Place: Redfern (Inner Sydney NSW SI56-05)

  7. Sykes, Roberta B. Black Majority. 1989 : 30, 36, 130- 131, 190. B S983.25/B2
    [1989]

    Summary: Treatment of Mum Shirl by Bureau of Crime Statistics concerning Survey of Black problems in mid-west New South Wales. Photo.

    Place: New South Wales (NSW)

  8. Mum Shirl. Mumshirl : an autobiography. 1987. B S659.42 M1
    [1987]

    Summary: She was born on Erambie Mission in Cowra. Her parents were Isabel Agnes Perry and Henry Joseph Perry

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08); Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  9. Read, Peter. A Hundred Years War. 1988 : 130
    [1988]

    Summary: She founded the first Aboriginal Legal service.

    Place: New South Wales (NSW)

    Language: Wiradjuri people (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  10. Summary: Records under Smith, Colleen.

  11. LeGuay, L. Australian Aborigines ... 1980 : 46-7
    [1980]

    Summary: Photo p47; biog. Brother Bill 1st prisoner she visited, aged 17. 36 yrs later, she is still visiting prisons. 6,811 children cared for. Cant read or write. Born epileptic, forbidden to attend school. Grandfather fullblood Wiradjuri. Catholic Aboriginal/Irish family. Made a Parent of the Year 1979 - accepted on behalf of all the children I've buried. The four TV stations present at the ceremony, chose to cut this particular comment from their coverage of the event, &, speaking about it afterwards, Shirley Smith was crying.

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

    Language: Wiradjuri people (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  12. Sydney Sun 1981, Australian Aborigines in the News 1981 Aug 30(1)
    [1981]

    Summary: Halpin, David; A black saint points a bone at Fraser review and dates from biography of Mum Shirl, co-authored with Bobby Sykes. Portrait.

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08); Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  13. New Idea, AIAS Australian Aborigines in the News 1982 : April 10(3)
    [1982]

    Summary: Work with children; colour photo.

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

  14. Starbird, E.A. Big, breezy and a bloomin good show : Sydney. National Geographic 155(2) 1979 : 210-35
    [1979]

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08); Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  15. Millar, Bruce. Mum Shirl decides its time to put her feet up. Australian Australian Aborigines in the News, 1984 Apr 15(1)
    [1984]

    Summary: Resigns from all her positions. Portrait.

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

  16. Gilbert K et al. Black voices : Australian Social Stud. 1978 : 98-9 S30/1
    [1978]

    Summary: Re Aboriginal Embassy - talk 1974 at ANU, came to embassy - extract. Photo.

    Place: Cowra (SW NSW SI55-08); Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

  17. AIM : Aboriginal-Islander-message 27 1981 : 4-5 RS 21/9
    [1981]

    Summary: Very good interview by Getanno Bann. Memories of childhood, life with her grandfather at Erambie Mission. Influences on her life. Photos.

    Place: Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

  18. Identity 2(5) 1975 : 38-40
    [1975]

    Summary: Account of her early involvement in the formation of the Aboriginal Medical Service in Sydney, by Garey Foley.

    Place: Sydney (NSW SI56-05)

  19. Aboriginal Islander Message 27 1981 : 4-5
    [1981]

    Summary: Very good interview by Getamno Bann. Memories of childhood. Life with her grandfather at Erambie Mission. Influences on her life. Photos.

    Place: Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

  20. Kuri-Ngai Partners Newletter Vol 8 No 2 P 8
    [Volume 8, no. 2 (1998), page 8]

    Summary: Colleen Perry was Born November 22 1924 at Erambie Mission. Her husband was Darcy Smith. Her grandfather went by the traditional name of Boney. Mum Shirl's Funeral Sydney NSW.

    Language: Wiradjuri language (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  21. Dawn 5(9) 1956: 5
    [1956]
    Published: New South Wales. Aborigines Welfare Board.
    Series: Dawn : a magazine for the Aboriginal people of N.S.W (ISSN 0416-8003)
    Cover image

    Summary: Mentioned

     

     

     

  22. Identity 1(2), 1971: 10
    [1971]

    Summary: Photo at the launch of Identity at the Chevron hotel, Sydney, on July 5 1971

  23. Wiradjuri places : The Lachlan River Basin. Vol. 2
    Kabaila, Peter Rimas.
    [p. 22, 24]
    Published: Jamison Centre, ACT : Black Mountain Projects, 1996,

    Summary: Erambie Mission, Cowra, NSW, fibro houses (with location map and occupants) 1949 to 1979 as remembered by Esther Cutmore; Shirley Perry "Mum Shirl"

    Place: Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

    Language: Wiradjuri people (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  24. Wiradjuri places : The Lachlan River Basin. Vol. 2
    Kabaila, Peter Rimas.
    [p. 19-21]
    Published: Jamison Centre, ACT : Black Mountain Projects, 1996,

    Summary: Colleen Shirley Perry "Mum Shirl" talks about life at Erambie Mission, Cowra, NSW; grandparents; tribal practices; Council at Mission; housing; break out by prisoners-of-war at Cowra POW camp; husband; attitude of sharing and survival

    Place: Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

    Language: Wiradjuri people (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  25. Wiradjuri places : The Lachlan River Basin. Vol. 2
    Kabaila, Peter Rimas.
    [p. 31, 33]
    Published: Jamison Centre, ACT : Black Mountain Projects, 1996,

    Summary: Shirley Smith "Mum Shirl" talks about living at Ryan's place, a camp near Erambie Mission, Cowra, NSW; grandfather built house for family; music; dances; football; school

    Place: Erambie (Cowra, SW NSW SI55-08)

    Language: Wiradjuri people (D10) (NSW SI55-07);

  26. In our own right : black Australian nurses' stories / edited by Sally S. Gould and Kerrynne Liddle.
    [p. 89,]
    Published: Maleny, Qld. : eContent Management, c2005,

    Summary: Sally Goold; born Narrandera, NSW; father Archie George Bamblett (son of Archie "Jerry" Bamblett and Sophie Cornelius Wedge from Yass); mother Eva Lilly Scott from Forbes (daughter of Alice Sloan from Condobolin and Matthew Scott, Canowindra); youngest of seven children; moved St Peters, Sydney; first Aboriginal student nurse Royal Prince Alfred, Sydney; hospital experiences; sister Patsy; brother Ken; brother in law Mervyn; stresses of position and expectations; midwifery King George V Memorial Hospital; Redfern Aboriginal Medical Service 1971; influence of Mum Shirl (Shirley Perry); moved Brisbane; work in nursing Prince Charles Hospital, education and University (QUT); established CATSIN 1997; other honours Doctor of Nursing, RMIT, Order of Australia; husband George, son Cameron

    Place: Narrandera (SW NSW SI55-10); Sydney (NSW SI56-05); Brisbane (SE Qld SG56-15); Redfern (Inner Sydney NSW SI56-05)

Australian Women's Register

  1. MumShirl
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Mourners bid a fond farewell to Mum Shirl. NSW
    [1998]
    Series: IspartOf Koori Mail
  3. Smoke Signals (Stories from Shirley Smith)
    [1972]
    Series: IspartOf New Dawn
  4. Mum Shirl
    ATSIC News
    [1998]
    Published: Kooriweb
    Series: IspartOf Heroes of the Indigenous ResistanceGary Foley
  5. MumShirl : an autobiography - with the assistance of Bobbi Sykes
    MumShirl
    [Richmond, Vic.]
    Published: Heinemann Educational
  6. Livewire Real Lives: Mum Shirl
    Gordon, Janet
    [1999]
  7. Tribute to Mum Shirl
    Deane, Sir William; Kennedy, Fr Ted
    [2000]
    Published: National outlook on-line
  8. Stories of herself when young : autobiographies of childhood by Australian women
    Hooton, Joy W. (Joy Wendy), 1935-
    [Melbourne]
    Published: Oxford University Press
  9. Faith, Hope and Charity Australian Women and Imperial Honours: 1901-1989
    Australian Women's Archives Project
    [2003]
    Published: Australian Women's Archives Project
  10. MumShirl
    [1999]
    Series: IspartOf Arts Yarn UpAustralia Council for the Arts: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Arts Fund
  11. 20th anniversary of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy
    [1992]
    Series: IspartOf Koori Mail
  12. From the inside. Aboriginal prisoners need cultural, general education.
    Clevans, Michael; Lithgow Correctional Centre
    [1992]
    Series: IspartOf Koori Mail
  13. The History of the Aboriginal Medical Service
    Foley, Gary
    [1975]
    Series: IspartOf Identity
  14. Aboriginal women
    Richards, Michaela
    [North Ryde, N.S.W.]
    Published: Angus & Robertson
    Series: IspartOf The Australian people
  15. The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia : Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history, society and culture
    Horton, David
    [Canberra]
    Published: Aboriginal Studies Press for AIATSIS
  16. Interview with Colin Davis, Indigenous separated child [sound recording]; Bringing them home oral history project
    [2 digital audio tapes : 18 January 2000]
    Series: National Library of Australia Oral History Collection
    Interviewed by Rob Willis, recorded on January 18, 2000 at Batemans Bay, NSW. Colin Davis speaks of being disowned by his family and being placed at Cowra Mission; he and the other children were cared for by Mum Shirl on Cowra Mission; his views on Mum Shirl; close sense of community at the Mission, run like a family unit with love and respect for each other; when he was transferred to Kinchela Boys Home at age 9 which was like being separated from his family; girls transferred to Cootamundra Girls Home; discipline was stressed and aggressively administered towards the darker Aboriginal boys, wanting to take revenge against two managers; crawling was a necessary act of survival; when he left at age Welfare still had a great amount of control over his relationships - he could not have a girlfriend or go to the cinemas nor allowed to work with just any employer.
    ORAL TRC 5000/84
  17. Papers of Edna Ryan
    [6 m, 43 boxes : 1948 - 1993]
    Series: National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection
    Press clippings, subject files, diaries, notebooks, correspondence, articles, drafts of books, conference papers, submissions and publications on issues such as equal pay for women, employment conditions, child care, abortion and trade union matters. People, organisations and events mentioned include: Anne Conlon, Wendy Fatin, Wendy McCarthy, Mary Owen, Pat Richardson, Mum Shirl, Gough Whitlam, Women's Electoral Lobby, ALP, National Foundation of Australian Women, Women's Trade Union Commission, International Women's year Conference (1975) and National Women's Conference (1990).
    MS 9140
  18. Ros Bowden - interviews conducted for radio programmes and documentaries, ca.1975 - 1989
    [100 hours : c. 1975 - 1989]
    Series: Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales
    Collection comprises - 78 reels and 90 cassettes - 100hrs. Subjects include Aborigines, Australian -- Children -- Northern Territory. Aborigines, Australian -- Missions -- South Australia. Antarctica -- Discovery and exploration. Hiking -- New South Wales. Women -- Employment -- Australia. Women -- Social conditions. Women agricultural laborers -- Australia. Women air pilots, Australian -- 20th century. World War, 1939-1945 -- Social aspects -- Australia. World War, 1939-1945 -- War work. World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- Australia
    Z MLOH 304

Resources by MumShirl (9)

  1. MumShirl : an autobiography / with the assistance of Bobbi Sykes
    MumShirl
    [ Book : 1981-1992 ]
    Languages: English;lis, [1 other]
    At 66 libraries
    MumShirl : an autobiography / with the assistance of Bobbi Sykes
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.693)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.693)

  2. Smith, Colleen Shirley Smith, MBE, AM, 1928-98
    MumShirl, 1924-1998
    [ Book : 1997 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.323)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.323)

  3. Mum Shirl : an autobiography / [by Shirley C. Smith] ; with the assistance of Bobbi Sykes
    MumShirl
    [ Book : 1981 ]
    At 64 libraries
    Mum Shirl : an autobiography / [by Shirley C. Smith] ; with the assistance of Bobbi Sykes
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 9.838)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 9.838)

  4. MumShirl
    MumShirl
    [ Book : 1988-1990 ]
    At 5 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.51)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.51)

  5. Mum Shirl / Colleen Shirley Perry ; narrata a Roberta B. Sykes ; traduzione e cura di Tiziana Serafini
    MumShirl
    [ Book : 1995 ]
    Languages: Italian
    At 2 libraries
    Mum Shirl / Colleen Shirley Perry ; narrata a Roberta B. Sykes ; traduzione e cura di Tiziana Serafini
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2.895)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2.895)

  6. Off the motorway / by Paul and Shirley Smith
    Smith, Paul
    [ Book : 2000 ]
    Off the motorway / by Paul and Shirley Smith
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.636)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.636)

  7. On their own terms : profiles of five very individual Australians / prepared by Tim Bowden and Ros Bowden
    Bowden, Tim, 1937-
    [ Sound : 1977 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.515)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.515)

  8. Recordings from 1977-1989
    Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (N.T.)
    [ Sound : 1977-1989 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.449)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.449)

  9. I've watched the star / Shirley Smith. Aboriginal people : the conscience of a nation / Lilla Watson
    MumShirl
    [ Video : 1988 ]
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.089)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.089)

Resources about MumShirl (9)

  1. Smith, Colleen Shirley Smith, MBE, AM, 1928-98
    MumShirl, 1924-1998
    [ Book : 1997 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.276)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 10.276)

  2. Mum Shirl, the 'black saint' of Redfern
    Ussher, Marie
    New Idea
    [ Book, Article : 1982 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.237)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.237)

  3. Big, breezy, and a bloomin good show : Sydney [including description of conditions of Aborigines at Redfern and work of Mum Shirl] / by Ethel A. Starbird; photographs by Robert W. Madden
    Starbird, Ethel A
    [ Book : 1979 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.169)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.169)

  4. Mum Shirl, the 'black saint' of Redfern
    Ussher, Marie
    New Idea
    [ Book, Article : 1982 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.14)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.14)

  5. Mum Shirl : Colleen Shirley Smith
    Rule, Rosemary
    [ Book : 1991 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.018)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.018)

  6. Aboriginal advantage : an insider look at an Aboriginal community / by Fiona Caldwell
    Caldwell, Fiona
    [ : 2015 ]
    View online
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.318)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.318)

  7. Remembering: Aboriginality, Public Art and Urban Design
    De Lorenzo, Catherine
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art
    [ Article, Book : 2000 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.126)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.126)

  8. Remembering: Aboriginality, Public Art and Urban Design
    De Lorenzo, Catherine
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art
    [ Article, Book : 2000 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.083)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 3.083)

  9. Mrs Shirley Smith (Mum Shirl), M.R.C., M.B.E., A.M., talks in Enmore Park on July 30, 1988, with her friends Jillian Namatjira and John Fitzpatrick
    [ Unpublished : 1988 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2.657)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 2.657)

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  1. Aboriginal Legal Service (NSW/ACT) (1970-)
    ... MumShirl (c. 1924 - 1998) ...
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.042)

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  1. Mumshirl ; The story of Sydney Harbour Bridge / revised version from the original by Judy Patrick
    Smith, Winsome
    [ Sound : 1980-1989 ]
    At Liverpool City
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.11)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.11)

  2. Shirley Smith and Lilla Watson [three aboriginal speakers]
    Watson, Lilla J. (Lilla Josephine), 1940-
    [ Sound : 1988 ]
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.031)

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  3. Easy reading history
    New South Wales. Adult Literacy Information Office
    [ Sound : 1990-1995 ]
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.025)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.025)

  4. Rainbow serpent. Episode 5, Women--three views / director/producer, Richard Guthrie
    SBS-TV
    [ Video : 1985 ]
    At Uni of TAS Library
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.023)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.023)

  1. Aboriginal biography
    Aboriginal biography
    Created by SydneyCityHistory, 10 items.

    Aboriginal biography & autobiography - as well as non-Aboriginal people involved in the civil rights movement - with a focus on Sydney.

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  1. Mum Shirl (Mrs Shirley Smith), Town...
    Gemes, Juno, 19...
    [ Photograph : 1988-2005 ]
    Mum Shirl (Mrs Shirley Smith), Town Hall, Sydney, 1988 / Juno Gemes
  2. Mum Shirl (Mrs Shirley Smith) speak...
    Seselja, Loui, ...
    [ Photograph : 1998 ]
    Mum Shirl (Mrs Shirley Smith) speaking at the Australia Day ceremony at  the Aboriginal Tent Embassy in front of Old Parliament House, Canberra, 26 January 1998 / Loui Seselja
  3. Participants from the Koorilink Pro...
    Cultural Collec...
    [ Photograph : 1991 ]
    Participants from the Koorilink Program, the University of Newcastle, Australia - 1991
  4. Mum Shirl presents a certificate to...
    Cultural Collec...
    [ Photograph : 1991 ]
    Mum Shirl presents a certificate to one of the participants of the Koorilink course, the University of Newcastle, Australia - 1991
  5. Aboriginal Womens Advisory Unit
    [ Photograph ]
    Aboriginal Womens Advisory Unit
  6. Womens Advisory Unit
    [ Photograph ]
    Womens Advisory Unit
  1. Mum Shirl / Janet Merkur
    Merkur, Janet, 1951-
    [ Book : 1999 ]
    At 49 libraries
    Mum Shirl / Janet Merkur
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.113)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.113)

  2. Artists & designers / Anna Fern & David Llewellyn
    Fern, Anna
    [ Book : 2004 ]
    At 100 libraries
    Artists & designers / Anna Fern & David Llewellyn
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.062)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.062)

  3. Black viewpoints : the Aboriginal experience / edited by Colin Tatz ; assisted by K.R. McConnochie
    Tatz, Colin
    [ Book : 1975 ]
    At 60 libraries
    Black viewpoints : the Aboriginal experience / edited by Colin Tatz ; assisted by K.R. McConnochie
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.058)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.058)

  4. Mum Shirl, the sacred trust of memory : a tribute exhibition in celebration of the life of Shirley C. Smith / the Mum Shirl Tribute Working Group
    Bancroft, Bronwyn
    [ Book : 2000 ]
    At 14 libraries
    Mum Shirl, the sacred trust of memory : a tribute exhibition in celebration of the life of Shirley C. Smith / the Mum Shirl Tribute Working Group
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.04)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.04)

  1. 'Mum Shirl' to Aborigines COMMUNITY TITLE
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Friday 29 September 1972 p 3 Article Illustrated
    ... great-grandchild. She is known also as "Mum Shir!" throughout the Aboriginal community. And the title is ... 604 words
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.499)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.499)

  2. 'Mum Shirl' recuperates Media 'angers' fringe dwellers
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Wednesday 15 September 1982 p 7 Article Illustrated
    ... 'Mum ShirV recuperates Mrs Shirley Smith - "Mum Shirl" - in Canberra yesterday. Media 'angers ... - better known as "Mum Shirl" - said yesterday. She was in Canberra recuperating from a hand-operation and ... 293 words
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.499)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.499)

  3. Mum Shirl hands work over to young people
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Thursday 12 April 1984 p 16 Article Illustrated
    ... Mum Shirl hands work over to young people P ROMINENT Aboriginal welfare campaigner Shirley Smith ... — better known as Mum Shirl — has resigned from all her official positions. At 65 years of age — 46 of them ... 613 words
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.423)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.423)

  1. Moral leadership: an Australian exemplar [Eulogy at the funeral of Shirley Smith, better known as Mum Shirl, at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, 4 May 1998]
    Kennedy, Ted
    Res Publica (Parkville, Vic)
    [ Article : 1998 ]
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.031)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.031)

  2. Aborigines in custody: the questions, and the tears
    Owen, Ray
    Catholic Leader
    [ Article : 1991 ]
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.021)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.021)

  3. -Collection of three articles on Mary mother of Jesus Christ, her role in the Catholic Church, feminism, and presentations of her in films-
    Fletcher, Frank; Carroll, Sandra; Malone, Peter
    Compass Theology Review
    [ Article : 1992 ]
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.017)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.017)

  4. Snake dreaming: the life-giving and life-taking powers of the snake
    Herrero, M. Dolores
    Australian Literary Studies
    [ Article : 2005 ]
    View online (conditions apply)
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  1. Papers of Edna Ryan
    Ryan, Edna, 1904-1997
    [ Unpublished : 1948-1993 ]
    At National Library
    Papers of Edna Ryan
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.016)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.016)

  1. No. 9. LIST OF UNCLAIMED LETTERS FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL, 1875.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Friday 28 May 1875 [Issue No.119 (SUPPLEMENT)] p 1571

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... -streot, Glebe 28 Kennedy & Shirling Circular CJuay 29 Kennedy Mrs., 22 Wynyard square 30 Kennedy J., Newtown 31 ... 12114 words
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  2. ACCEPTANCE OF TENDERS FOR CONVEYANCE OF MAILS. NEW SOUTH WALES.
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National : 1901 - 1957) Thursday 22 March 1923 [Issue No.20] p 383

    Government Gazette Tenders And Contracts

    ... Katella, returning via Burrendong and the direct road to Mumbil, twice a week.—Mrs. Lavina M. Bible, Mum ... 17772 words
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  3. COMMONWEALTH SAVINGS BANK OF AUSTRALIA
    Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Periodic (National : 1977 - 2011) Thursday 30 June 1988 p 2

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... Shirle> Ann & BOUTLA.ND Deborah Karen Kevin Robert & Ruth Vivien Elizabeth Anne John & PEARSON Gaye ... 151076 words
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)