Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC). (1948-)

Function
Armed services organisation
NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-772066

Biographies

The Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps was formed from the Royal Australian Army Nursing Service and the Australian Army Medical Women's Service. Since being established members of the service have served in many theatres of war and other operations including Vietnam, the 1991 Gulf War, Cambodia, Rwanda, Bougainville and East Timor.

  • 1899 - 1902 The first nursing sisters to serve with Australian troops were those who travelled with the Colonial Military Forces to the South African (Boer War).
  • 1902 The General Order giving effect to an improved organisation for nurses was written in 1902 and promulgated on the 1st July 1903.
  • 1 July 1903 - November 1948 The Australian Army Nursing Service Reserve, which formed the basis of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps established.
  • 1904 - 1914 A Lady Superintendent and Matron appointed to all states
  • 1914 - 1918 A total of 2139 sisters served overseas and another 423 served in Australia. 25 sisters died and 388 were decorated for their service which included 5 CBE, 10 OBE, 42 RRC and 23 foreign awards
  • 8 May 1916 - 1916 A Matron-in-Chief appointed to administer the service and advise the Director General of Medical Services (which controlled the Service) on service matters.
  • 1936 The Matron-in-Chief and Principal matrons from each state were sent to England with the Coronation contingent.
  • 1939 - 1945 A total of 3477 joined the Service with 71 members losing their lives (23 battle casualties and 18 died as a result of accident or illness). 137 decorations were awarded including two George medals.
  • March 1943 The Australian Army Nursing Service, formerly an auxiliary service, was incorporated as part of the Australian Military Forces.
  • 1945 Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, accepted the appointment of Honorary Colonel of the Australian Army Nursing Service.
  • November 1948 In recognition of the service given in two world wars the title Royal was designated to the Service - now called Royal Australian Army Nursing Service.
  • July 1949 Approval given to appoint female officers and enlist female Other Ranks into the Regular Army, to provide nursing staff for an overseas General Hospital and Camp Hospitals in Australia.
  • February 1951 - 1951 The Service was designated a Corps - now called the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC). In the same year the Australian Army Medical Women's Service (AAMWS) was disbanded.
  • 1952 A Corps Badge with the motto Pro Humanitate - for Humanity was introduced.
  • 1955 - 1969 Members served in Malaya
  • 16 April 1957 Colonel A M Sage, CBE, RRC, FNM, was appointed as the first Honorary Colonel and Representative Honorary Colonel to the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps.
  • 7 February 1958 Approval was granted for the adoption of a corps flag for the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps.
  • 1966 - 1969 Nursing sisters sent to Papua New Guinea to care for the wives and families of the indigenous servicemen.
  • 1967 - 1971 In total 43 Officers served in Vietnam.
  • 1970 The first Alice Appleford award was presented. The award is present annually by the Ex-AAMWS to a non-commissioned member for proficiency in service.
  • 1979 The first issue of the Corps Magazine "Grey and Scarlet" published. It is currently published annually.
  • 1983 Approval was granted for the traditional colours of grey and scarlet to be used for all Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps embellishments.
  • January 1990 Nursing Officers sent as part of Australia's commitment to the United Nations force to the Gulf War.
  • 1992 - 2001 Nursing Officers participated in all United Nations Deployments.
  • 1997 Head of Corps abolished.
  • 2001 Head of Corps re-appointed
  • 1 July 2003 Ceremony, including a wreath-laying service and parade from the Nurses Memorial on Anzac Parade to the Tomb Of The Unknown Soldier at the Australian War Memorial, held to celebrate the centenary of the RAANC and the RAAMC.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Resources for Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC).

Selected resources (8)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Vale - Barbara Edwina Audrey Starrett (nee Maxwell) Colonel and Last Director of the Women's Royal Australian Army CorpsBest Times August, 1991 : Vale - Barbara Edwina Audrey Starrett (nee Maxwell) Colonel and Last Director of the Women's Royal Australian Army Corps
    [1991]
  2. Just wanted to be there : Australian Service Nurses 1899-1999
    Reid, Richard
    [1999]
    Published: Commonwealth Department of Veterans' Affairs
  3. The Australian Army: A History of its Organisation 1901-2001
    Palazzo, Albert
    [2001]
    Published: Oxford University Press
  4. Australian Servicewomen's MemorialWar Memorials in Australia Michael Southwell-Keely : Australian Servicewomen's Memorial
    Southwell-Keely, Michael
    [1999]
    Series: http://www.skp.com.au/memorials/pages/00018.htm
  5. Australian War Memorial Research Centre: Six Sisters of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC) wave farewell from the gangplank of MV New Australia on embarkation for service in Malaya. (1 September 1955)
    Australia. 1955-09-01. Six Sisters of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC) wave farewell from the gangplank of MV New Australia on embarkation for service in Malaya. The team, which was later increased to eight, served in British hospitals at Kamunting, Kuala Lumpur and in the Cameron Highlands, nursing not only Australians, but New Zealanders, British, Gurkhas and members of their families.
    DUN/55/0824/EC
  6. Australian War Memorial Research Centre: Portrait of Sister Betty Crocker, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC)
    Victoria Barracks, Melbourne, Vic. 1951. Portrait of Sister Betty Crocker, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC), modelling the first RAANC uniform, worn with black stockings, black lace up shoes, black leather gloves and a black shoulder strap handbag. Tailored in Adelaide, this particular uniform was the very first one made to the new pattern and issued for the new RAANC (as distinct from its predecessor the Royal Australian Army Nursing Service). It was issued to Sister Crocker, the first Sister to enlist for Korea in South Australia. (Donor B. Lawrence)
    P02044.002
  7. Australian War Memorial Research Centre: Group portrait of officers of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC)
    Butterworth, Malaysia. 1968-10. Group portrait of officers of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC) prior to attending a trooping of the Colour Ceremony of the 8th Royal Australian Regiment (8RAR). Left to right: unknown, unknown, unknown, F4950002 Commandant Marie C. Hunter (later Boyle), Australian Red Cross (ARC), Thora Long and Coralie Gerrard (later became a Colonel, RAANC). (Donor M. Boyle)
    P02017.036
  8. Australian War Memorial Research Centre: "Fort Petticoat"
    Vung Tau, South Vietnam. 1968. Margaret Young, Australian Red Cross Field Force Officer (in bikini swimsuit at left), and Jan MacArthur, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC), nursing sister (right), hanging out the washing outside "Fort Petticoat", the accommodation block for nurses and Red Cross women at 8 Field Ambulance. (Donor M. Boyle)
    P02017.022

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  1. Australia. Army. Australian Army Nursing Service
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  2. Maxwell, Barbara Edwina Audrey (1932-1991)
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  1. [Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps] [interviewed by Chris Jeffery]
    Jeffery, Chris, 1926-
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    ... Service In The RAANC With the object of stimulating interest in the Royal Australian Army Nursto ... K Corps as of fering 'an interesting career of vital-importance,' two attractive brochures are now ... 274 words
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  1. Culturally diverse Malayan milieu: experiences and perceptions of RAANC nurses 1955-1960
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