Broken Hill Munitions Annexe. (1942-1946)

NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-722058

Biographies

The Broken Hill Munitions Annexe opened in 1942 for the manufacture of wartime munitions and employed dozens of Broken Hill women.

Mirroring a trend that took place throughout Australia, unprecedented levels of female participation in the workforce were attained in Broken Hill during World War II. A significant employer of women in wartime was the Munitions Factory that opened in Broken Hill in 1942. In January 1941, members of Broken Hill's peak union body, the Barrier Industrial Council, and of the Unemployed Union organised a demonstration in favour of the establishment of a factory in order to create jobs. The project to build Munitions Factory received the financial support of the Mining Managers' Association on condition that the building be used to house a permanent trade annexe after the war. From September 1941 the site for the building in the Duke of Cornwall Reserve was leased to the Broken Hill Technical College by the mining companies, and building commenced in June of the following year.

In August 1942, a Women's Employment Office was established at the Broken Hill Court House, and married women were also able to register for employment, despite a long-standing and strictly abided union policy that women would not work after marrying. The factory opened in November, employing over 300 women and 80 men to create nose cone assemblies for 25-pound shells. When interviewed by the Barrier Miner newspaper, the manager of the factory, Mr J. L. Mayson, assured its readers that there was "no strain attached to the work" and that the "work standard [was] quite within the reach of an average girl". The women employed were responsible for overseeing the smooth operation of the machinery and for checking the quality of the finished part. Photos of the women at work supervising the munitions machines and on their lunch break in the canteen give a strong impression of the sense of pride, enjoyment and accomplishment that these women would have experience. (see Gallery Tab)

In 1946, the building was handed over to the Technical College and became know as the Broken Hill Technical College Annexe.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

Resources for Broken Hill Munitions Annexe.

Selected resources (10)

Australian Women's Register

  1. Broken Hill Munitions Annexe
    Published: National Foundation for Australian Women
    Series: IspartOf The Australian Women's Register
  2. Some Outstanding Women of Broken Hill and District
    Camilleri, Jenny
    [Broken Hill, NSW]
    Published: Jenny Camilleri (Broken Hill Historical Society/Broken Hill Council)
  3. Manager's Praise for the Broken Hill Ammunition Factory
    [1942]
    Series: IspartOf Barrier Miner
  4. Broken Hill: A Pictorial History
    Kearns, R.H.B.
    [Hawthorndene]
    Published: Investigator Press Pty Ltd
  5. Unbroken Spirit: Women in Broken Hill
    Australian Women's Archives Project
    [2009]
    Published: Australian Women's Archives Project
  6. Minutes of the Broken Hill Technical College Advisory Committee
    [25 July 1941 - 6 August 1948]
    Series: Outback Archives, Broken Hill City Library
    Box: A. Coulls 94/4/1
  7. Munitions Annexe Canteen c1943
    Broken Hill
  8. Women in the Workforce WWII
    Broken Hill
    16
  9. Munitions Tip
    Missile Tip (held by Reg Pedergnana, Broken Hill)
  10. Munitions Factory Canteen 1944
    Broken Hill
    15

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  1. Website: Broken Hill NSW, Australia - Tracing history
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    • ... for munition purposes. Following agitation begun in 1940, a munitions annexe was constructed at Broken Hill in 1942...
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  1. ANNEXE
    Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW : 1908; 1941 - 1954) Saturday 21 June 1941 p 2 Article
    ... annexe ill Broken Hill lias been I freshed by the Mayor in a telegram to I Mr. J. J. Clark. M.H.R. I it ... a munitions works in Broken Hill. Perhaps this is already on the way. If so. then so much the better ... 439 words
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    Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW : 1908; 1941 - 1954) Saturday 8 February 1941 p 2 Article
    ... aspect of the matter that must be adequately pressed. . .. A munitions annexe in Broken Hill would have ... Broken 'Hiil in connection with the creation of a munitions- annexe here. This is a decision which may ... 312 words
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  3. ANNEXE
    Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW : 1908; 1941 - 1954) Saturday 15 February 1941 p 2 Article
    ... ANNEXE The MlnLiter for Munitions,. Senator McBrlde, has received the Broken Hill deputation. He ... to be done for Broken Hill. A munition annexe would, not absorb all our unemployed, or nearly all. It ... 336 words
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  1. RE the estates of the undermentioned deceased persons.—
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 4 March 1949 [Issue No.33] p 657

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    ... January, 3948 (will dated 29th July, 1946, annexed). John Coles Lane, late of Surry Hills, in the State of ... Wales, labourer, who died on 21st October, 1948, intestate. Gertrude Bridget Daly, late of Broken Hill ... 712 words
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    ... Broken Hill, in the State of New South Wales, married woman, died on 14t.li January 1944; administration ... granted to the Public Trustee on the 21 si December, 3944. James Patrick Kenny, late of Broken Hill, in ... 950 words
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