The Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders developed out of a meeting of interested groups who met in Adelaide in 1958. FCAATSI opened membership to Aboriginal advancement organisations and to other organisations which supported FCAATSI's platform. One of FCAATSI's major campaigns was for constitutional change, which was instrumental in establishing the 1967 Referendum. FCAATSI split in 1970, when the National Tribal Council was formed. In March 1978 it changed its name to the National Aboriginal and Islander Liberation Movement, but this organisation never met.
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