Nicholson, Alexander John (1895-1969)

Also known as
Nicholson, John (1895-1969)
Field of activity
entomologist; Entomologist
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an36044481
NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-610414

Biographies

Alexander John Nicholson (1895-1969), entomologist, was born on 25 March 1895 at Blackhall, near Dunboyne, County Meath, Ireland, second of four children of Alexander Nicholson, draughtsman, and his...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Alexander John Nicholson was one of Australia's top Entomologists and greatly increased the knowledge and study of Zoology and Entomology in Australia. His longest serving position was as Chief of the Division of Economic Entomology at CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research)/CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) from 1936 to 1960. During this time Nicholson improved the Division's reputation and research scope to include biological control, taxonomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry and toxicology. Nicholson's main area of expertise was in insect population dynamics and biology, but he was also a fine designer of scientific equipment and a fastidious organiser. He was a member and office bearer of many of Australia's and Britain's top scientific bodies and published widely. He received many accolades for his tireless work including an appointment to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).

  • 1915 Education - Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Birmingham, UK
  • 1915 - c. 1919 Career position - War service with the Royal Regiment of Artillery in France and Belgium
  • 1919 - c. 1921 Career position - Researcher at the University of Birmingham
  • 1920 Education - Master of Science (MSc) completed at the University of Birmingham
  • 1921 - Career position - Inaugural McCaughey Lecturer in Entomology at the University of Sydney
  • October 1921 Life event - Migrated to Australia (Sydney)
  • 1928 - 1930 Career position - Councillor of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
  • 1929 Education - Doctor of Science (DSc) received from the University of Sydney
  • 1930 - 1933 Career position - Deputy-Chief of the CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) Division of Economic Entomology
  • 1933 Career position - 'The Balance of Animal Populations' published in the Journal of Animal Ecology
  • 1933 - 1936 Career position - Acting-Chief of the CSIR Division of Economic Entomology
  • 1935 - Career position - Foundation member of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science
  • 1936 - 1960 Career position - Chief of the CSIR / CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Division of Economic Entomology
  • 1950 - 1951 Career position - President of the Royal Society of Australia
  • 1952 Award - Clarke Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
  • 1954 Award - Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)
  • 1960 - Career position - Foundation President of the National Parks Association of the Australian Capital Territory
  • 1961 - Award - Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London (FRES)
  • 1961 Award - Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
  • 1963 - Award - Honorary member of the British Ecological Society
  • 1965 - Career position - Foundation member of the Australian Entomological Society

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Related people and organisations

Resources for Alexander John Nicholson

Selected resources (12)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Nicholson, Alexander John (1895-1969), EntomologistAustralian Dictionary of Biography John Ritchie 15 473-474 : Nicholson, Alexander John (1895-1969), Entomologist
    Waterhouse, D.F.
    [2000]
    Published: Melbourne University Press
  2. Environment, Economy and Australian Biology 1890-1939Historical Studies 21 11-28 : Environment, Economy and Australian Biology 1890-1939
    Schedvin, C. B.
    [1984]
  3. Bibliography of Australian Entomology, 1775-1930
    Musgrave, A.
    [1932]
    Published: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.
  4. Nicholson, Alexander John - Ms 130Listing of Adolph Basser Library holdings : Nicholson, Alexander John - Ms 130
    [1994]
    Published: Australian Academy of Science
    Series: http://www.science.org.au/basser/manuscript-collection/ms130.html
  5. Alexander John NicholsonRecords of the Australian Academy of Science 2 1 66-81 : Alexander John Nicholson
    Mackerras, I. M.
    [1971]
  6. Alexander John Nicholson 1895-1969Australian Academy of Science Biographical Memoirs Australian Academy of Science : Alexander John Nicholson 1895-1969
    Mackerras, I. M.
    [2006]
    Published: Australian Academy of Science
    Series: http://www.science.org.au/fellows/memoirs/nicholson.html
  7. Obituary: A. L. TonnoirAustralian Journal of Science 2 5 139-140 : Obituary: A. L. Tonnoir
    Nicholson, A. J.
    [1940]
  8. Adolph Basser Library Manuscript Collection
    Smith, Ailie
    [2012]
    Published: eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: http://www.eoas.info/basser_browse.html
  9. Herbert George Andrewartha 1907-1992Historical Records of Australian Science 9 3 258-268 : Herbert George Andrewartha 1907-1992
    Birch, L.C.; Browning, T. O.
    [1993]
  10. Ian Murray Mackerras 1898-1980Historical Records of Australian Science 5 2 98-114 : Ian Murray Mackerras 1898-1980
    Norris, K. R.
    [1981]
  11. Nicholson, (Alexander) John (England-Australia 1895-1969)Some Biogeographers, Evolutionists and Ecologists: Chrono-Biographical Sketches : Nicholson, (Alexander) John (England-Australia 1895-1969)
    Smith, Charles H.
    Series: http://www.wku.edu/~smithch/chronob/NICH1895.htm
  12. Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science: Alexander John Nicholson - Records (1927 - 1971)
    Correspondence with scientific colleagues 1927-37; research papers for DSc thesis on the natural regulation of numbers 1928-29: experimental records on the influence of temperature on the activity of sheep blowflies; material relating to an unpublished book on the theory of animal populations 1931; correspondence regarding Nicholson's memoirs 1970-71 [26 cm, MS 130].
    MS 130

Resources by Alexander John Nicholson (3)

  1. Frontiers of population ecology / R. B. Floyd, A. W. Sheppard, P. J. De Barro
    Floyd, R. B
    [ Book : 1996 ]
    At 61 libraries
    Frontiers of population ecology / R. B. Floyd, A. W. Sheppard, P. J. De Barro
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 35.702)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 35.702)

  2. Papers
    Nicholson, Alexander John, 1895-1969
    [ Thesis : 1927-1971 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.59)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.59)

  3. A new theory of mimicry in insects
    Nicholson, Alexander John, 1895-1969
    [ Thesis : 1927 ]
    At University of Sydney
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.576)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 4.576)

Resources about Alexander John Nicholson (6)

  1. Frontiers of population ecology / R. B. Floyd, A. W. Sheppard, P. J. De Barro
    Floyd, R. B
    [ Book : 1996 ]
    At 61 libraries
    Frontiers of population ecology / R. B. Floyd, A. W. Sheppard, P. J. De Barro
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 36.987)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 36.987)

  2. [Biographical cuttings on Alexander John Nicholson, entomologist, containing one or more cuttings from newspapers or journals]
    [ Published : 1900-1990 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.968)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.968)

  3. Papers
    Nicholson, Alexander John, 1895-1969
    [ Thesis : 1927-1971 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.405)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.405)

  4. Frontiers of population ecology : the Nicholson Centenary Meeting : program & abstracts
    Nicholson Centenary Meeting Canberra, A.C.T.) (1995 :
    [ Conference Proceedings : 1995 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.123)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.123)

  5. The Nicholson centenary meeting : frontiers of population ecology, program and abstracts
    [ Book : 1995 ]
    At Science Academy
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7.818)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 7.818)

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  2. OBITUARY MR JOHN NICHOLSON.
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  3. MR. JOHN M. NICHOLSON
    The North Eastern Ensign (Benalla, Vic. : 1872 - 1938) Friday 9 March 1928 p 3 Article
    ... MR. JOHN M. NICHOLSON After an illness extending over a few months, the death occurred on Wednesday ... last of Mr John McKen zie Nicholson, of Benalla. Deceased was 25 years of age. He was a native of ... 82 words
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