Hollows, Fred (1929-1993)

Also known as
Hollows, F. C. (1929-1993)
Hollows, F. C. (Frederick C) (1929-1993)
Hollows, F. C. (Frederick Cossum) (1929-1993)
Hollows, Frederick Cossom (1929-1993)
Hollows, Frederick Cossum, AC, FRCS (1929-1993)
Hollows, Frederick Cossum (1929-1993)
Field of activity
Ophthalmologist
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35909773
NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-582761

Biographies

Frederick Cossom Hollows (1929–1993), ophthalmologist, was born on 9 April 1929 at Dunedin, New Zealand, second of four sons of Joseph Alfred Hollows, engine driver, and his wife Clarice Sylvia, née...

View the full record at Australian Dictionary of Biography

Fred Hollows worked as a clinician in New Zealand for several years before specializing in ophthalmology. He moved to Australia in 1965 when appointed Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of New South Wales. Throughout his career Fred Hollows was heavily involved in improving the health of Australia's indigenous and rural people. He helped establish the Aboriginal Medical Service and The National Trachoma and Eye Health Program. Hollows was also instrumental in reducing the cost of eye care in developing countries by setting up intraocular lens factories in Nepal and Eritrea. The Fred Hollows Foundation continues to support these and other projects.

After completing a Bachelor of Arts, Fred Hollows turned his attentions to the priesthood. He took up ecclesiastical studies in 1950, but after one year decided to withdraw. The next year Hollows began a medical degree in Dunedin, New Zealand and in 1961 specialized in ophthalmology. In 1965 he was appointed Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of New South Wales. During his tenure at the University he became aware of the impact of trachoma (eye disease, leading to blindness, caused by Chlamydia trachomatis) on Australia's rural and Aboriginal populations. Because Australia is the only developed country in the world where this disease still exists, Hollows fought hard to establish a national treatment program. In 1975 the Federal Government and Australian College of Ophthalmologists set up the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program and appointed Hollows as its Chairman. Over a three year period this program screened 100, 000 Australians.

In 1985 Fred Hollows was awarded the Order of Australia but refused to accept it in protest to the poor state of Aboriginal Health. Hollows was also a consultant for the World Health organization and visited many third world countries. He recognised that most blindness disorders in these countries were due to the lack of basic medical treatment, and therefore preventable. Cataracts were the commonest problem in these countries. But the high price of surgery and replacement lenses (the intraocular lens) meant treatment was not an option for most people. Hollows raised money to establish Intraocular lens factories in Nepal and Eritrea to dramatically reduce this cost ( by around 70%). In 1992 he established The Fred Hollows Foundation which continues to support expansion of these and other projects. Fred Hollows died of cancer in Sydney on 10 February 1993.

  • Education - Bachelor of Arts (BA) completed at Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Education - Ecclesiastical studies at the Glenleith Bible College in Dunedin, New Zealand
  • Education - Bachelor of Medicine (MB) completed at the University of Otago in Dunedin
  • Career position - Medical Intern at the Wellington Hospital
  • Career position - House Surgeon at Auckland Hospital
  • Education - Ophthalmology studies at Moorfields in the UK
  • Career position - Ophthalmic Registrar in Cardiff, Wales
  • Career position - Associated Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of New South Wales
  • Career position - Treatment of indigenous patients in Bourke, NSW
  • Career position - First Aboriginal medical centre in Redfern, NSW
  • Career position - Worked in South Australia
  • Career position - Director of the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program (NTEHP)
  • Career position - Resigned from NTEHP
  • Career position - Consultant to the World Health Organization
  • Career position - Visited Nepal, Burma, Sri Lanka, India and Bangladesh
  • Career position - Visited Eritrea
  • Life event - Naturalised
  • Career position - Visited Eritrea twice, Nepal and Vietnam
  • Career position - Chair of the Division of Ophthalmology at the University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales and Prince Henry Teaching Hospitals
  • Career position - The Fred Hollows Foundation established in Australia
  • Career position - Intraocular lens laboratories established by the Foundation in Eritrea and Nepal

View the full record at Encyclopedia of Australian Science

Resources for Fred Hollows

Selected resources (3)

Encyclopedia of Australian Science

  1. Hollows, Frederick Cossum (Fred)
    Published: The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre
    Series: Encyclopedia of Australian Science
  2. Fred Hollows: an Autobiography
    Hollows, Fred and Corris, Peter
    Published: Kerr Publishing, Redfern, 2006
  3. Fred Hollows: an Autobiography
    Hollows, Frederick C. and Corris, Peter
    Published: Kent Publishing, Balmain, 1993

Resources by Fred Hollows (44)

  1. Fred Hollows : an autobiography / [with Peter Corris]
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Book, Audio book : 1991-2006 ]
    Languages: English;Undetermined, [1 other]
    At 131 libraries
    Fred Hollows : an autobiography / [with Peter Corris]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66.363)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66.363)

  2. Professor Fred Hollows / with Caroline Jones
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1990 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29.411)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29.411)

  3. For all the world to see : a portrait of Professor Fred Hollows
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Video : 1992-2000 ]
    At 24 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 24.029)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 24.029)

  4. Fred Hollows / Fred Hollows with Peter Corris
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Audio book : 1992 ]
    At 7 libraries
    Fred Hollows / Fred Hollows with Peter Corris
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.967)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.967)

  5. Terry Lane talks with Fred Hollows
    Lane, Terry, 1939-
    [ Sound : 1991 ]
    At 3 libraries
    Terry Lane talks with Fred Hollows
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.813)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.813)

  6. A tribute to Fred Hollows / interviewer, Caroline Jones
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1990 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.585)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.585)

  7. Interview with Fred Hollows, ophthalmologist and Aboriginal health worker / interviewer, Peter Read
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1988 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.753)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 17.753)

  8. Interview with Fred Cossom Hollows, ophthalmologist / interviewer, Gordon Briscoe
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1990 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 16.493)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 16.493)

  9. Fred Hollows : an autobiography / with Peter Corris
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1991 ]
    At Moreland Libraries
    Fred Hollows : an autobiography / with Peter Corris
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 15.324)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 15.324)

  10. Professor Fred Hollows in interview with Dr Max Blythe
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Video : 1992 ]
    At RACP Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 14.812)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 14.812)

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Resources about Fred Hollows (35)

  1. Fred Hollows : an autobiography / [with Peter Corris]
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Book, Audio book : 1991-2006 ]
    Languages: English;Undetermined, [1 other]
    At 131 libraries
    Fred Hollows : an autobiography / [with Peter Corris]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 65.818)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 65.818)

  2. Professor Fred Hollows / with Caroline Jones
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1990 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29.51)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 29.51)

  3. Professor Fred Hollows / written by Hazel Edwards ; illustrated by Pat Reynolds
    Edwards, Hazel, 1945-
    [ Book : 2012 ]
    At 65 libraries
    Professor Fred Hollows / written by Hazel Edwards ; illustrated by Pat Reynolds
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 24.074)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 24.074)

  4. For all the world to see : a portrait of Professor Fred Hollows
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Video : 1992-2000 ]
    At 24 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 23.949)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 23.949)

  5. Fred Hollows / Fred Hollows with Peter Corris
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Audio book : 1992 ]
    At 7 libraries
    Fred Hollows / Fred Hollows with Peter Corris
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.994)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 22.994)

  6. Terry Lane talks with Fred Hollows
    Lane, Terry, 1939-
    [ Sound : 1991 ]
    At 3 libraries
    Terry Lane talks with Fred Hollows
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.893)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 21.893)

  7. Fred Hollows / Allan Drummond, illustrated by Marta Gola
    Drummond, Alan
    [ Book, Map : 2004-2014 ]
    At 43 libraries
    Fred Hollows / Allan Drummond, illustrated by Marta Gola
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19.948)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19.948)

  8. A tribute to Fred Hollows / interviewer, Caroline Jones
    Hollows, Fred, 1929-1993
    [ Sound : 1990 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.682)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.682)

  9. Seeing is believing / text Simon Balderstone, photography Michael Amendolia
    Balderstone, Simon
    [ Book, Audio book : 1994-1995 ]
    At 66 libraries
    Seeing is believing / text Simon Balderstone, photography Michael Amendolia
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.452)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.452)

  10. Memories of Fred / [editors] Pat Fiske & Michael Johnson
    Fiske, Pat
    [ Book, Audio book : 1993-1996 ]
    At 41 libraries
    Memories of Fred / [editors] Pat Fiske & Michael Johnson
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.232)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 18.232)

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  1. Fred Hollows Foundation
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.033)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.033)

  2. MumShirl (1924-1998)
    Community Worker
    ... MumShirl was an Aboriginal woman who dedicated her life to welfare services. She visited countless Aboriginal ...
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    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.022)

  3. Beck, Lawrence (1942-)
    Artist; 9002; Sculptor
    ... Sculpture Symposium (in honour of Fred Hollows) in 1993 and also Wondabyne I and II Sculptors’ ...
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.001)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.001)

  1. [Biographical cuttings on Fred Hollows, containing one or more cuttings from newspapers or journals]
    [ Published : 1900-1990 ]
    At National Library
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.863)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.863)

  2. [Fred Hollows Foundation : ephemera material collected by the National Library of Australia]
    [ Published : 1900 ]
    At National Library
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.273)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.273)

  3. Reception Professor Fred Hollows
    Bannon, John
    [ Unpublished : 1991 ]
    Possibly online
    At Flinders University
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.236)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.236)

  1. Fred Hollows
    [ Video : 2003 ]
    Possibly online
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.819)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.819)

  2. Fred Hollows / [videorecording]
    [ Video ]
    At Genazzano College
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.332)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.332)

  3. Australia's greatest scientists / Jordan Thomas
    Thomas, Jordan
    [ Book, Audio book : 2000-2001 ]
    At 63 libraries
    Australia's greatest scientists / Jordan Thomas
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.327)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.327)

  4. 15 years of the Fred Hollows Foundation
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Radio National
    [ Sound : 2007 ]
    View online
    At ABC Radio National
    15 years of the Fred Hollows Foundation
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.307)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.307)

  1. Quarterly report / the Fred Hollows Foundation
    Fred Hollows Foundation
    [ Periodical : 2006-2016 ]
    Possibly online
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.6)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.6)

  2. The Fred Hollows Foundation : Australia
    Fred Hollows Foundation
    [ Periodical, Archived website : 2000-2016 ]
    View online
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.313)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.313)

  3. Newsletter / the Fred Hollows Foundation
    Fred Hollows Foundation
    [ Periodical : 1993-1995 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.271)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.271)

  4. Sharing the vision : the newsletter of the Fred Hollows Foundation
    Fred Hollows Foundation
    [ Periodical : 1995-2006 ]
    Possibly online
    At 3 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.186)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 1.186)

  1. Thomas Hollow family history
    Thomas Hollow family history
    Created by ra.hollow, 304 items.

    Thomas Hollow b.1856 m. Mary Jane George

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.008)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.008)

  2. PECKET, Christine Audrey ( or PECKETT ).
    PECKET, Christine Audrey ( or PECKETT ).
    Created by KEVING., 14 items.

    Christine A. Pecket (1908 a 1996) on her pottery she signed as Christine A Pecket.Christine Audrey Pecket was born Scarborough, England on 8th April 1908 and died Healesville, Victoria in 19...

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.001)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.001)

  3. Templetonia retusa
    Templetonia retusa
    Created by mlmcd, 24 items.

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  1. Surgery for Fred Hollows
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Saturday 18 July 1992 p 2 Article
    ... Surgery for Fred Hollows SYDNEY: The renowned eye doctor and former Australian of the Year ... , Professor Fred Hol-lows, who has been fighting can cer for four years, has undergone surgery in Brisbane. He ... 128 words
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.723)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.723)

  2. New honour for Fred Hollows
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Monday 10 June 1991 p 1 Article Illustrated
    ... New honour for Fred Hollows By DAVID SIBLEY Prominent academics, artists, and public servants are ... Liberal national pre Professor Fred Hollows sident, John Valder, become Offi :ers along with the former ... 313 words
    • Text last corrected on 23 February 2017 by valsgirl
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.644)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.644)

  3. Hollows recovers
    The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) Monday 3 August 1992 p 4 Article
    ... Hollows recovers SYDNEY: Ophthalmologist and former Australian of the Year Professor Fred Hollows ... 58 words
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.612)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.612)

  1. Obituary for Professor Fred Cossum Hollows 1929-1993 / Gordon Briscoe
    Briscoe, Gordon, 1938-
    [ Book : 1993 ]
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.481)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.481)

  2. Through other eyes : the Fred Hollows Foundation ten years on
    Keneally, Thomas, 1935-
    [ Book : 2002-2004 ]
    Possibly online
    At 59 libraries
    Through other eyes : the Fred Hollows Foundation ten years on
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.434)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 1.434)

  3. Fred Hollows' First Dream
    Fred Hollows Foundation
    Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal
    [ Article, Book : 2004 ]
    View online (access conditions)
    At AIATSIS Collections
    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.585)

    This resource may have relevance to your query (score: 0.585)

  4. Discussion notes on Fred Hollows by Fred Hollows with Peter Corris / Bary Dowling
    Dowling, Bary
    [ Book : 1994 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.48)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.48)

  1. Gardner's art through the ages
    Gardner, Helen, d. 1946
    [ Book, Article, Map : 1900-2017 ]
    Languages: English;lis;Undetermined, [2 others]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
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    At 118 libraries
    Gardner's art through the ages
    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.163)

    This resource may be of limited relevance to your query (score: 0.163)

  2. White Fang / Jack London
    London, Jack, 1876-1916
    [ Book, Audio book : 1900-2014 ]
    Languages: English;Chinese;Vietnamese;Persian, [32 others]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
    View online
    At 163 libraries
    White Fang / Jack London
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.043)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.043)

  3. Little Dorrit / Charles Dickens
    Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870
    [ Book, Audio book, Article : 1800-2016 ]
    Languages: English;French;German;Chinese, [7 others]
    Read online at Open Library/Internet Archive
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    At 139 libraries
    Little Dorrit / Charles Dickens
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.036)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0.036)

  1. GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1966
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 18 June 1993 [Issue No.61] p 2951

    Government Gazette Notices

    ... : Fred Hollows Reserve Glebe Gully Reserve Reserve 33* 54* 50" S 151* 14*50"E City of Rand wick ... 117 words
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  2. PASTURES PROTECTION ACT, 1912.
    Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) Friday 21 December 1934 [Issue No.229] p 4773

    Government Gazette Notices Illustrated

    ... William, Hollow Ridge, Cooma Andrew Michael, 386 2706 3198 2791 3070 552 1036 2710 Coonabarabran ... . (Transferred trom Mrs. L. B. Black.) }Corke (Frederic Huntley and Cyril Huntley), Alawah, Trundle Crawford ... 10297 words
    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  3. MUNICIPALITY OF BEGA—COUNTER PETITION.
    New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Wednesday 16 August 1871 [Issue No.203 (SUPPLEMENT)] p 1797

    Government Gazette Proclamations And Legislation

    ... , Bega . mark Witness—Fred. Berne Simon G-oetz, stonemason, Frog's Hollow John O'Neill, farmer, Bega John ... . Berne, J.P. A. liis William x Britten, landowner, Bega mark Witness—Fred. Berne John Sercombe, laborer ... 807 words
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    This resource may only be vaguely related to your query: matching terms may only have been found in the full text contents of the resource (score: 0)

  1. Website: Fred Hollows Foundation
    www.hollows.org
    Matching pages:
    View 3833 matching archived pages
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 0.61)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 0.61)

  2. Website: Fred Hollows Foundation - Australia
    www.hollows.org.au
    Matching pages:
    • Fred Hollows (1929-1993) 15 years on - 30/3/2011
    • ... Fred Hollows (1929-1993) 15 years on Search Restore sight for $25 and help Fred's dream live......www.hollows.org.au/Paged018.html...
    View 12226 matching archived pages
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 0.373)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 0.373)

  3. Website: Racism. No way
    www.racismnoway.com.au
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    View 36 matching archived pages
    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.154)

    This resource is likely to be relevant to your query (score: 0.154)