Australian Red Cross Society.

Also known as
Australian Red Cross.
Australian Red Cross. (1914-)
Red Cross. Australia. Australian Red Cross Society.
Function
Voluntary organisation and Humanitarian organisation
Libraries Australia
http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35054194
NLA Persistent Identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-462899

Biographies

The Australian Red Cross Society (ARCS) was formed just after the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, initially as a branch of the British Red Cross Society. Its first president was Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, wife of the then governor-general. Via a network of state branches and division, also presided over by women, the organisation extended its influence throughout the community of Australian women, urban and rural, to the point where women constituted the vast majority of its membership, as well as featuring prominently in its leadership. Although the organisation was involved in a range of activities, including the establishment of agencies overseas dedicated to supplying families in Australia with information about wounded and missing soldiers, it is probably best known for its success in mobilising volunteers to create the much appreciated and eagerly anticipated 'comfort' parcels that were sent to servicemen overseas. From the date of its inception until the armistice the ARCS dispatched 395,695 food parcels and 36,339 clothing parcels. Thousands of women contributed their time and money to make this possible

The Australian Red Cross was founded on 13 August 1914 in response to the start of World War I, and was originally known as the Australian branch of the British Red Cross Society. Before the end of World War I it was being called the Australian Red Cross Society, although it was still considered to be a branch of the British Red Cross Society. In 1927, the Australian Red Cross Society gained recognition as an independent National Red Cross Society and ceased being a branch of the British Red Cross Society. In 1941 the Australian Red Cross Society was incorporated by Royal Charter, and in 1992 the Australian Red Cross Society decided to shorten its name for external audiences to Australian Red Cross, by which name it is known today (however, its legal name remains Australian Red Cross Society).

The Australian Red Cross was founded by Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, the wife of Australia's Governor-General, and she became the first President of the Australian Red Cross. In 1914, the Australian Red Cross immediately formed Divisions in each of the six States. The Divisional Presidents, who were the wives of the State Governors, were instrumental in the creation of the Australian Red Cross State Divisions. As these Presidents traversed the country, and launched appeals through local organisations and the press, the Divisions soon had a vast number of rural and metropolitan branches. Directly appealed to, women became the great majority of members, several high-ranking women were appointed to governing committees, and Australian women took leading positions throughout the organisation.

In 1914, the Australian Red Cross was largely involved with providing relief services to the Australian Defence Force, with Headquarters located in Melbourne which coordinated the international relief services. In later years, Australian Red Cross Divisions opened in the Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory, as well as other Australian territories such as Norfolk Island and Papua New Guinea.

As at 2004, the Australian Red Cross has a national office based in Melbourne and has offices in each of the six states and two territories. The Australian Red Cross State and Territory Offices manage all activities run within their own state or territory. The national office coordinates international activities with which the Australian Red Cross is involved, as well as coordinating Australian Red Cross activities that are managed on a national basis.

Today, the many and varied activities of the Australian Red Cross include International Tracing and Refugee Services, Youth and Education Services, First Aid, Health and Safety Services, Disaster and Emergency Services, the Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Community Care Programs, Aged and Home Care Services, International Humanitarian Law, and international development programs and aid.

View the full record at Australian Women's Register

In 1916/17 the British Red Cross Society, Australian Branch became the Australian Red Cross Society. Works by these bodies are entered under the name used at the time of publication

View the full record at Libraries Australia

Related people and organisations

Australian Women's Register

Libraries Australia

Resources for Australian Red Cross Society.

Selected resources (11)

Australian Women's Register

  1. 'The Best P.M. for the Empire'? Lady Helen Munro Ferguson and the Australian Red Cross Society, 1914-1920Australian Historical Studies 119 April 108-124 : 'The Best P.M. for the Empire'? Lady Helen Munro Ferguson and the Australian Red Cross Society, 1914-1920
    Oppenheimer, Melanie
    [2002]
  2. MacKinnon, Eleanor Vokes Irby (1871 - 1836)Australian Dictionary of Biography Online : MacKinnon, Eleanor Vokes Irby (1871 - 1836)
    Abbott, Jacqueline Abbott
    [2006]
    Published: Australian National University
    Series: http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100306b.htm
  3. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Records of the Central Bureau for Wounded, Missing and Prisoners of War, and of the National Tracing Bureau
    Series NO4
  4. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Publications - annual Reports of the Australian Red Cross Divisions and Blood Service
    Series NO 26
  5. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Publications - First aid, health and safety
    Series NO 16
  6. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Records relating to community services, social work and welfare, and disaster relief provided by the Australian Red Cross
    Series NO12
  7. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Minutes, Australian Red Cross National Council
    Minutes and other records of the Australian Red Cross NationalCouncil and National Executive meetings
    Series NO14
  8. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Annual Reports of the Australian Red Cross, National Office
    Publications - Annual Reports of the Australian Red Cross, National Office
    Series NO13
  9. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Australian Red Cross, National Office
    Records relating to the history, role and structure of the Australian Red Cross, National Office, including organisation charts. Also includes obsolete ARC Divisions
    Series NO9
  10. Australian Red Cross Research and Information Service: Records relating to the Australian Red Cross Royal Charter
    Rules or constitution. Also includes emblem use and legislation
    Series NO7
  11. Australian War Memorial Research Centre: Red Cross House Badge
    Original badge designed for Australian Red Cross Society, signed by Helen Munro Ferguson while President of Australian Red Ross Society.
    EXDOC048

Resources by Australian Red Cross Society. (298)

  1. Activities (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1947-1956 ]
    At 5 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95.925)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 95.925)

  2. Notes on activities / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1930-1947 ]
    At 9 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 89.003)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 89.003)

  3. Annual report / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Article : 1900-2014 ]
    Possibly online
    At 30 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.897)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.897)

  4. Official monthly gazette (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1917-1919 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.185)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.185)

  5. Action (Melbourne, Vic.)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-1972 ]
    At 5 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 80.071)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 80.071)

  6. Circular (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-2013 ]
    At Aus War Memorial
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69.117)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 69.117)

  7. Australian Red Cross Society leaflet. : Quarterly series
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1919 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66.078)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 66.078)

  8. Look what you started Henry! : a history of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991 / Leon Stubbings
    Stubbings, L. G. (Leon George), 1923-
    [ Book, Audio book : 1992 ]
    At 77 libraries
    Look what you started Henry! : a history of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991 / Leon Stubbings
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 62.952)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 62.952)

  9. Australian Red Cross quarterly (Melbourne, Vic.)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-2013 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 62.454)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 62.454)

  10. Monthly leaflet : report for... / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-1919 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 61.918)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 61.918)

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Resources about Australian Red Cross Society. (328)

  1. Activities (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1947-1956 ]
    At 5 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 92.481)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 92.481)

  2. Notes on activities / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1930-1947 ]
    At 9 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.2)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 88.2)

  3. Annual report / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Article : 1900-2014 ]
    Possibly online
    At 30 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 87.645)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 87.645)

  4. Official monthly gazette (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1917-1919 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 87.487)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 87.487)

  5. Action (Melbourne, Vic.)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-1972 ]
    At 5 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 79.369)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 79.369)

  6. Circular (Australian Red Cross Society)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-2013 ]
    At Aus War Memorial
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67.194)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 67.194)

  7. Australian Red Cross Society leaflet. : Quarterly series
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1919 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63.929)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63.929)

  8. Look what you started Henry! : a history of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991 / Leon Stubbings
    Stubbings, L. G. (Leon George), 1923-
    [ Book, Audio book : 1992 ]
    At 77 libraries
    Look what you started Henry! : a history of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991 / Leon Stubbings
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63.434)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 63.434)

  9. Australian Red Cross quarterly (Melbourne, Vic.)
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-2013 ]
    At 4 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 61.637)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 61.637)

  10. Monthly leaflet : report for... / Australian Red Cross Society
    Australian Red Cross Society
    [ Periodical : 1900-1919 ]
    At State Library of NSW
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59.767)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 59.767)

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  1. Australian Red Cross Society.
    Benalla Standard (Vic. : 1901 - 1920) Friday 24 January 1919 p 5 Article
    ... Australian Red Cross Society. The Australian Red Cross Society supplies comfortsi such as extra ... 927 words
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 14.539)

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  2. Australian Red Cross Society
    Graphic of Australia (Melbourne, Vic. : 1916 - 1918) Friday 28 December 1917 p 23 Article
    ... Australian Red Cross Society ^'v.T.h em on th ly 'meeting of. the Central t^ouricil, /Australian ... the B.R.C.S. Commissioner, : Basra, stating that comforts shipped by the Australian Red Cross to ... 188 words
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    ... AUSTRALIAN RED CROSS SOCIETY. The Boulogne correspondent of the "Daily Mail" pays a tribute to the ... 'remarkable vigour and resource of the Australian Red Cross Society. The latter converted an hotel at Wimereux into a ... 67 words
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  1. The vital factor / [text Anthony Keller]
    Wild, Beryl
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  2. Know your Red Cross / [Australian Red Cross Society, Western Australian Division]
    Australian Red Cross Society. Western Australian Division
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  3. Red Cross and blood transfusion : ACT Blood Transfusion Service 1951 to 1983 / Sally Clarke
    Clarke, Sally
    [ Book : 1989 ]
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    Red Cross and blood transfusion : ACT Blood Transfusion Service 1951 to 1983 / Sally Clarke
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  4. This is Red Cross / Australian Red Cross Society, South Australian Division
    Australian Red Cross Society. South Australian Division
    [ Book : 1978 ]
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    This is Red Cross / Australian Red Cross Society, South Australian Division
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  1. Military display at the Red Cross Sportsmens' Carnival & Fete, Government House Grounds
    Australian Red Cross Society. Queensland Division
    [ Unpublished : 1940 ]
    At UQ Library
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    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 13.409)

  2. Minute book
    Australian Red Cross Society. Victorian Division. Russian Branch
    [ Unpublished : 1943-1945 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.991)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.991)

  3. Records
    Australian Red Cross Society. Katanning Branch
    [ Unpublished : 1939-1945 ]
    At WA State Library
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    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 11.734)

  1. [Australian Red Cross Society, Bridgetown Branch report]
    Australian Red Cross Society. Western Australian Division
    [ Sound : 1988 ]
    At WA State Library
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 27.867)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 27.867)

  2. Red Cross youth / Australian Red Cross Society. Western Australian Division
    Australian Red Cross Society. Western Australian Division
    [ Sound : 1985 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19.753)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 19.753)

  3. Australian Red Cross Queensland : introducing Red Cross disability services / Australian Red Cross - Queensland
    Australian Red Cross Society. Queensland Division
    [ Video : 1995 ]
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.402)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.402)

  4. Australian stories : in the year of the blood donor
    Australian Red Cross Blood Service
    [ Video : 2009 ]
    At 38 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.136)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 12.136)

  1. Dunant : the story of Red Cross by Martin Gumpert / a review by E.D. Smout ; with foreword by Lady Wilson
    Smout, E. D
    [ Map : 1939 ]
    At 2 libraries
    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 6.574)

    This resource is very relevant to your query (score: 6.574)

  2. Cultural differences examined in "grass roots" management survey
    Management Bulletin
    [ Map, Article : 1988 ]
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  3. The little red yellow black book : an introduction to indigenous Australia
    Pascoe, Bruce
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    The little red yellow black book : an introduction to indigenous Australia
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  1. Newsletter (Australian Red Cross Society. South Australian Division)
    Australian Red Cross Society. South Australian Division
    [ Periodical : 1971-2013 ]
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  2. News in brief / Australian Red Cross Society, Western Australian Division
    Australian Red Cross Society. Western Australian Division
    [ Periodical : 1982-1993 ]
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  3. Red cross news in brief / Australian Red Cross Society, Western Australian Division
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    [ Periodical : 1974-1982 ]
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  4. News bulletin (Australian Red Cross Society. Victorian Division)
    Australian Red Cross Society. Victorian Division
    [ Periodical : 1900 ]
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  1. Website: Report of the Inquiry into the Australian Red Cross Bali Appeal
    www.olgr.nsw.gov.au
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  2. Website: Australian Red Cross
    www.redcross.org.au
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  3. Website: NSW Office of the Children's Guardian
    www.kidsguardian.nsw.gov.au
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