LOCH, HENRY BROUGHAM, 1st Baron Loch of Drylaw (1827-1900), public servant and
governor, was born on 23 May 1827 in Edinburgh, the seventh son of James Loch,
M.P., of Drylaw, and his wife Ann, née Orr. After service in 1840-42 as midshipman
in the navy he was commissioned in the Bengal cavalry in 1844 and was A.D.C. to
Lord Gough in the Sutlej campaign in 1845. In the Crimean war Loch helped to
organize irregular Turkish cavalry, and in 1857-58 accompanied Lord Elgin's
mission to China. In 1860 he returned as private secretary to Elgin on his second
mission and negotiated the surrender of the Taku forts on the way to Peking, but
Loch and his small party were then taken prisoner and suffered from ill treatment.
Back in England he was appointed a C.B. and left the army but furthered his
connexion with the Whigs by acting as private secretary to the Home secretary, Sir
George Grey, in 1861-63, and marrying in 1862 Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon.
Edward Villiers and niece of the Earl of Clarendon and of C. P. Villiers. In
1863-82 he was lieutenant-governor of the Isle of Man, where he was popular but
took little part in affairs outside his satrapy save for publishing in London a
Personal Narrative of Occurrences During Lord Elgin's Second Embassy to China
(1869), and a Memorandum Upon the Present Military Resources of England, with
Suggestions as to the Manner in Which They may be Strengthened (1870). Created
K.C.B. in 1880, he became a commissioner of woods and forests and land revenue in
1882 and was appointed governor of Victoria in 1884.
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Australian Dictionary of Biography