ORIGINAL AND SELECT.
THE VOYAGE TO SOUTH CAPE.
Agreeably to our promise, we this day insert a por-
tion of the, remarks made in the course of this voyage, which we were enabled to present to our Readers through the kind assistance of Mr. Scott.
BrOiíeÍ-This inteiesting island is about 40 miles long from north to south« It is-divided by* anal row necij: of landan the middle between Isthmus Bay and Adventure Bay. One of the boats was hauled o'verthis Heck iii brâeV to exploro AdVentnie Buy, so called from \ the vessel of that uai\e in which the i'mmoital naviga-
tor Cook sailed. The neck has evidently been thtown. « up at some reihote period by the action of the sea. ¡It j t \b composed -of sea sand, is very low, and does not cx
. cced §p yards in bieadth foi neatly a mile in length. A , * feiv trees however giow upon it, \>ith shivubs and lo« ' .j b,usl¡es( It is reinai'kable that w heil it is high water on , the one side of this i silt m us it is low water on the other,
,' dndfjt'b'e versa. Abolit tw o miles south of tbis^isthmus, ii l on;the western side (notou the north as laid do« n in the, f charts) and. about 3 miles from the anchoiage at Adve'n
tüVeThíy, opposite Penguin island, coal «1rs found oii'ai rocky bearii. The same spot had boen excavated seve-
ral years ago when CVJ-4-misáiouei Bigge wns heie. It« cannot howevi r bt. gótat unless h ruad of about 2 miles, (»be made." the stratum is li) feet above the Jevel of the
sea,xand doubtless a-superior mineral would be found "by digging, though the opciation would be attended( t*irti much labour. Near Ibis is the place where thei "»hale, fishing had been carricdon lust season with con
»ideiable success, 7 fine whales having" been caught.-j
The whole island received its name from Rear-admiral
Bruné d'Entrecasteaux, who discovered it to be an island separated from the main - a fact which had es caped the notice of Captain Cook, though he had an chored more than once in Adventure Bay. The part south of this Bay is called South Bruné, and the other North Burné. The most lofty land is on the southern extremity, the tops of some of the hills being so ele- vated as; to appearance, to be beyond the range of vege tation, as they are entirely destitute of trees. North Bruné - is also very hilly, but the hills are low and af- ford good pasturage for cattle. There appears to be
none of those ravenous creatures in the whole inland which destroy lambs and poultry on the main land. It is therefore a very eligible place for the planting of rabbit warrens. Captain Kelly, on his farm at the northern extremity, keeps a large stock of geese and fowls in perfect security. The animals found on it are harmless, namely, the two species of kangaroo known by the names of brush and walaby. None of the nu merous kinds of opossum were found excepting that called the ringtail. There are many of the common large, graminivorous native rat, several of a white colour, forming a distinct species peculiar to the island, and also the water rat. There does not appear to be more than 20 black natives on the whole island. Their fires are generally seen on the hills to the south, oppo- site Satellite island. Occasionally, however, they make excursions to the north. They are a stately race of men. While the tent was pitched at the head of Isthmus Bay, 5 men came down, but without their women or children. They had spears with them, with which Mr. Scott
asked them to aim at a tree. After many trials, it ap- peared that within a distance of 30 yards thry never fail to stnke their object, but beyond that success is uncer tain. Their countenances were placid, generrally with a smile, and their manners were friendly. They were
in general about 5 feet 6, or 5 feet 8 in height. They have with them a number of little dogs, very expert at hunting the small species of kangaroo, with which the
inland abounds. This accounts for the owners being stout and healthy. Their only covering was a skin over their shoulders, and suspended to the neck a few trin trinkets, buttons, and other things which they had obtained from the navigators who had at former periods visited the coasts. They are remarkably fond of bread, and frequently asked the party for it. In approaching strangers they hold up both hands above the head, to shew that they carry no offensive weapons, and if this signal of peace is answered they approach with confi
The Coal Cliff.-This is situated on the north side
of South .Cape Bay, and extends about two miles along the coast, which distance the boats followed the coal rocks 'on the water. This bay is immediately to the ,cast of Hie Cape, making a northern indentation on the ' main of about five miles in length and three in depth. The shore oh all sides is steep and bold, with ledges of locks running out a considerable wuy info the sea. Except when the wind is from the north, a heavy suif incessantly bents upon the beach. No boat could land in any pair, but in a small inlet at thf not them extie Sity of the hay, and even there the surf is so great,
tat if the wind should happen to shift io anotbci quar- ter, there is a possibility of being kept m tor a week, l-or'these reasons it will be impossible to work the coal contiguous to the heach of the hay. The nearest poiut lo which a vessel tan approach thef mine is on the most southern inlet of I),Ent^^c&<5íe)uux, Channel, called by the Fiejnch '¡a baie ¿es r, < les ,or rocky hay, and thal is J\p'i» ïj'wr ,to five mij/cs fi'un the coal, the load to whicli for fvvo miles im-bt be umi'e thiotigh a marshy plap. The lower slrafum of ccal is about twelve feet
above low water-mark on the btaeh. The mineral
could not be expected h, he veiy good outside, being thus exposed for, ages ti) the coiitihufsl surges of the sea. A borizontaleveavatioit wasthii'efore made'to the depth of seven orcif,-ht feet, from the bottom of vvhioh^ cqal was>taken and brought to Town'.of a very pure and brilliant quality. Below thislveiti, however, theie is no doubt that another is to he found of even ?superior' auality^i'nd greater thick nest, the.ex"jateuce pf whjch,
içwliolé'appearanceofj ánda,|?íogy tolif drawn from, . th'è strata conspicuor* in the face et" the elifi", evidently ^¿indicate. 'Thf party enjoyed only two d.'y days in this
situation, and were als« limited as to provision«, which Etade their stay shoitei t!.an it otherwise v( ou Id have
In going across from Rocky Bay, two natives accom- panied the party, a man and his wife; the former, with
out murmur, carried their bedding and provisions, a much heavier load than any of themselves could have borne; his wife walked first, pointing out the best path, they had left their companions to join the party, having with them two dogs, by means of which, they procured plenty of meat for the whole. These men are excellent hunters, being always in at the death as soon as the dogs, which they constantly cheer by imitating the voice of the kangaroo or wombat. The country is hilly, is co-
vered with a thick brushwood, down to the water's edge, and affords no spot available for the purpose of cultiva- tion. Being so near the South Cape of an extensive Country, stretching towards the North, it must naturally be exposed to much boisterous and rainy weather, and the land wears the appearance of much more rain tham usually falls at Hobart Town, or further up the country. The hills, however, even of the most inferior, and appa- rently unproductive, soils, are covered with the finest and most stately trees; there are among them some of the celery Top Pine, so named from the shape df the leaf; It a distinct species from that found at Mac- quarie Harbour. The trunk seldom exceeds 6 inches in diameter. The other trees are.common to the rest of
the island. The stringy bark however predominates, though not of a very stupendous size. The natives ge nerally build their huts of its bark, and also carry their fire in its dry spungy substance. When a piece is wrapped up tight; and lighted at one end, it retains the fire like a match till the whole length is consumed. By this means the natives are never without a light.
In sailing up Rocky Bay many of the natives ran along the beach, in the direction of the point at which the boats were about to land. Three families, composed, of thirteen individuals, here joined yhe party, and re- mained in company during the time of their stay. The three men were brothers, all married, each having along with him, his wife and children, they had all been born
and bred in that part of the country. Their children were of all ages, from a week old, to full grown men. At night each family made a distinct hut and fire, for the especial accommodation of the members composing it. Mr. Scott was desirous of having one of the children, an interesting girl, of six years of age, in order to bring her to town and civilize, and the mother, was very anx- ious for the measure, but her husband had so great an affection for his child, that he could not be prevailed upon to part with her.
. Voivs.'-FroisshVt speaks of certain English nobles, who swore to keep one eye" blinded with o'patch till they had-taken a certain number of prisoners in the French wars ; and we have heard of the Knights who
took an oath not to cut their beards until certain , achievements were accomplished. In like manner the persons employed iii the expedition of the Van Die
ijieu's Land Company have resolved not to sha/e until ¡ they reach Cape Grim ; and one of them, who was lately j stopped in. his progress by the floods, visited Hobart Town with a great deal of liair upon his face.
? ,- »_;_
Docs.-We have frequently raised our voice against
the growing evil, springing from the unconscionable - increase of these animals. We do think .seriously, though we are no .friends of taxation, that a tax, simi- lar to that which is- exacted «ti England, would
be a most'wholesome measure. To those who live in ¡ Town-, and' who have occasioit to be out after dusk*, the j dogs ¡ire not only,annoyi/ig, but daiigüions.. ,.lt was ( but last night that a gentleman was attacked by them, bad his leg seriously'biftec and his-jclof bes,.-torn in pieces. In the country, the nuisance is still more iu toleiable. No longer "ago than last-week 50 line young ewes mostly heavy in lamb, of a very improved breed, being crossed with Merino and ¡South Down rams, .were found worried to death, and twenty others-severely wounded on the enclosed grounds of Mr. Gellibrand, at South Ann. Two of ¿his neighbour's^ dogs are be- lieved to have done this 'inepufublc mischief. A tax on these animals would be beneficial in mauy points of view-the inordinate numbers would be,lessened-the breed of the useful creature itself would be more attended to and improved, because the possessors would hardly pay au annual sum for the useless, noisy curs, Milich bow abound-the idle habits of many stock keepers would be .restrained, who now are "apt to hunt the tew kaugaroo remaining in their districts rather than attend to their docks and herds-and a vast saving of the best of food would remain to be devoted to more useful and necessary purposes.
- So melancholy a picture does the state of morals in the Ui i tish metropolis present at this time, that an aternge of ten prisoners a day is'committed for trial at (he Old Bailey. The majority of these benighted persons is composed of ÍTiieves*by profession.
The old S.mtli Sea House, in Broad-street, lately pur- chased by Government, has been burnt to the ground.
Mr. Horner has completed his panoramic view of Loudon, taken from the doihe of St. Paul's cathedral, in au immense and mng-nifieeut building in the Regent's Park. The canvas is 110 feet in height, and the speot
tutor ' ascends 55 to view the exhibition. It has cost £100,000.
At a public sale of Oil, by Gumon and Beale, Sperm Oil . sold for ¿'44, head mutter £51, .+traw colour Seal Oil .£27. 5*. Whale Oil £24 10s. Whale-bone £220. New
South Wales Planks, 7r/. per foot,"Oak bark £23 per load.
Insurance to New South Wales, 50 shillings, ditto home, £3. . '
The official value of imports into-the United Kingdom last year, vas44 millions sterling, and the total ex- ports 56.
At the same time that Whent was 8*. Gd.~a bushel in~ London last year, it was selling in Copenhagen at ls.9d.
The goods imported into Great Britain last year from Sierra Leone, consisted chiefly'of dje and hardwoods, of Tea ke Ti'mbor, Bugles Or horils of all'sorts, Ele- phant and Sea Horse Teeth, Hides, Skins, Furs? Fea- thers, Gum, Palm Oil, and Bees Wax, amounting al- together tootie bund i ed and fifty thousand pounds ster liug.- We in Van Diemeu's Land moy, leam from this, that by availing ou'sel ves of its various-and peculiar productions, us well as hy attention to its great staple articles of Wheat and Wool, the Colony is most likely to maintain a preponderance of exports, and conse- quently internal wealth and prospeiity.
lu the end of April there were remaining warehoused under the locks of,the Crown, in the poit of London, 2,4^,395/05. and 333 bales of Spanish Wool, and 1,881,459/Ä*. and 3123 bales of other sorts of Wool.
A postlmnmus work of Rousseau, has-just been pub lished iu Pans, entitled "Thoughts of ;fn honest mind."
It was left with other works in the hands of the Mar-
shal de Luxembourg, on the precipitate retreat of the philosopher into Switzerland. '.
New Guatemala, the capital of the republic of-centra) America, contains 40,000 inhabitants. The streets arc strait and well paved, but the houses are low, for fear of earthquakes. Bull-baiting is the favourite amuse-
_ An interesting colony is now forming by the Ame- ricans ou the count of .Africa, at Cape Moiiserado, for the reception of freed and captured slaves ia America, to be sent thither.' Several vessels have already ar- rived, freighted with articles necessary for the colony, una some hundreds of the new settlers, all persons of
ThctKing of France has sent invitations to Chateaii biiftiid, and the other members of the opposition in
Paris, to travel abroad for the beuefitof their health*. .
Colonel Dtlancey. Barclay, ai'd-de-eamp t^ the King, died suddenly at Tillingbourne, near Dorking, -,
Professor VaW, (he celebrated Prussian orientalist, died at Halle iii March last. , ,
Bie'ous, and the Spanish Biscayans. He is described as a little thin old mail, with a sharp yellow face, wear- ing green spectacles. His style of writing is very bad, hard, dry, and stiff.
Turkey has acceded generally to all the demands of Russia, an arrangement over which the Duke of "Wel- lington is said to have had considerable influence.
Imphovud Criminal Law,-The Act empowers Courts to order compensation to those who have been active in apprehending offenders; the orders aie tobe paid by the Sheriff, who may obtain immediate pay- ment on application to the treasury. If any man'is killed in the ptiisuitofanoffender,theCouitmay order compensation to his family. A penalty is /nacted on all Justices and Coroners not; perforjiüng-"their duty.
An interesting trial has just taken place before the Edinburgh-.fu,*y Court, in which the plaintiff w as TJr. Hamilton, Professor of Midwifery in the University there, and'Dr. Hope, Professor of Chemistry. A ver- dict of £500 damages was given for Dr. Hamilton for having been called a liar by the defendant in pre-t
sence of the members cf. the Uni vei si ty. s ... .
- Mr. Buckingham, of the Calcutta '.Oriental Herald, huving'failed m obtaining a vote at the ludia House for £5000 _ta compensate the loss of his Journal, hns-been successful in procuring subscriptions to the a'inount-oV near £4000, under the patronage of' Lord John Rüss'eí, ¡and Sir Charles FoVbes, »the lütter of. which gentlemen procured him £1300, vii : £500'for.himself, £500 foV his. Indian-ftiepds; and 36800 for fMr.Palmer"of
Calcutta. .... . -. *
A clause of the Currency bill exempted Scotland
from restriction with respect to one pound notes, the
reason of which partial concession, we confess, that at this great distance, we cannot see quite so clearly as Mr. Malachi Malagrowther, Sir Walter Scott, or the author of Waverley. We expressed our dissent some weeks ago against the partial application of general principles. Sincerity obliges us, to repeat the same sentiment on the present occasion, though dissonant with the measures of a popular ministry.
.... ' ?-> i
Description of a Good Cow, according to Wilkinson,
the eminent, ¿reeder, at Linton, near Nottingham. '
She's long in her face, she's fine in her horn, She'll quickly get fat without cake or corn,
She's clear in Her jaws, And full in her chine, * She's hçnvv in flank, and wide- in her loin. < , She's broad iiiiier ribs, and long in her rump,
A strait and flat back with ne\er a hump,
She's wide in her hips, and calm in her eyes,
She's line in lier shoulders, and thin iu hertiiighs. She's light in her neck, and smail in her tai),
She's wide in her breast, "and good at the pail, She's fine,in her bone, and sukey of skin,
Slie'sji Grazier's^v hhout, and a Butcher's within '