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DR. RUSSEL WALLACE DEAD.
LONDON, Nov. 7, 1.20 p.m.
lill de iib is annoiiniid or Di Alfrid Russil \\ lillee, the notid scientist
Alfietl Russil "\\ illnie « is born on lum ar) 8, 1S_ / His f ithor ins of Scottish do scent and hillend that he spi ing from the etock of the famous Sn Willum Walline
li w is as a biologist and n supportci of the eiohitionari doctrine that Wullace was best 1 now n The icntial incident in his life, and the most cndming hisis of ins fame wn« his independent dtseoier. of the pnu pla) ed b) natural selection m tho origin and dciolopmenl of natural speuis winch cn titled Ins mine to be perpetually touplcd with Hint of Cb liles Dinvin
At the nc.c of 21 Wallace lift the surte) ing busmc in uluch he had been cngif,id
and bec uni. n usher in n school at i-ices tci Hen lie midi Hie acqunntincL of the famous ii itiir.ihst H,onn Wnjtet Bitci aftciwiuds known us the utithot of most de liglitftil books of, true el Dates WJS a gi cat entomologist mci Ins example and cnthu siasm led Wallace*- "who bad hitherto ion tinted himself nilli botan), to undcitoke the collection of buttciflii» and beetled In 1848 the) sailid foi Pura, in older to ex ploie tin xnlley of tho -Vmiii-i to nbich til-II attention had been dncctcd b\ the publication in 1847 of 1 dwarda s Voy ige Up the Aniizon ' W tllaie expuided the thcon of the o)ie,in of species into n paper to be lead befoto the kanni in ¡societi, ond hint it to Dirwin, with whom ho lind been in coi rcspondouiL on these topics Durr w in w ith his usual magnammit} ( at first in
(ended to bold back his own rc_arches but Hooker and JJ)eil dis»uaded him from this Quixotic comee, ind i summary of Ins oil n w oi k w as i ead 11 is one of Wallace s claims to gteitnc- that he met Dal win in his own spit ii, and tecognisod both in pub lit and pruate Hint Hu. »noni) of the great dincoicti was due to the îuthoi of the Oiigin of Species But there is no doubt Hi it Ins own shut in tin discoicry was quite independent of Unwin s woil
1 uri) in IS'H Wnllarc »ml lo Singapoie and the next eight liars be spent in wan deling tlnoii|_h the Mala) Arilnpelugo stiidMiig ittcntncH the nib mel woudirful foims of lui w bull ho found there and n edit lime, on HIL pioblims rnscd hi their ixistenie and distribution His ixpeuses wen amply pud bj the lollci ions nInch he poitodiiilii sent home foi salt, and he ncqnited a mass of mntciitil which lie nftir w irds gmt to the noild m n series of i ilu able and high!) impoitunt books beginning with Ins nariatiie of tiniel 1 lie Malu} liilupc-go in 18(10 and oontmueil in his woiks on Iropici! Nature' (1878) Hie Ceographioil Distribution of animals
(18,(J) mid island Life (1880) Hut all these contributions o biology pule in nu pot tuite in lompnrison with tin gre it dis toi m ubi b uns published during bia ah seme from jMiglino with stub ustilts that lu utiirncl in I*-! to find Ins nanto famous thioiighoiit Hie scicnttlit woild in t plnic of Illili coilitenl gloii besidt the still greater ii une of Durw in No min in ii m dei long among the nell exotn foims of life in the Ann/on A alio oí tin Alala Aielu pilago witbottt bung led to speculate on the fundamental question bow the« c uno into bein" ind icqtniid then «mgiihi ihni aitu lsliis \\ illaee in his sob uij i nubles poied over this question just as D irwin bid suite be i etui ned in 18.30 from his \oi age lu the lîeagle
Dr "ft all ne made excursions into other fnlds whin he liirdli showed to the bimi idi ant ige Pos isse I of the true miss loitiii) spirit be was noel bappiei than when miintnmiiig in unpopulu dotrina m speech or wilting His book on Mil liles and Modem "spiritualism (1871 repub lishcd wi li additions in 1101) proel limed
lum a beheiei in the c1 nms of the most ad iiinced mediums In land N ltiomlisa tion (1882) he mged a ngorous pica for the Stite ownership of all land Tie also wrote ag mist laeein ition and iniohetl bim self in nn unfortunate quarrel with the egregious people w ho ni untuin that the earth is flit
Pi icticnlli up to the 1 ist be took an ac tile pait in tin tiiseil sion of sciintthc sub jects and one of his latest books contains a most in eiesting trettise on Dai
winisni p ir nul rl\ directed against tile . opiilu mun-ntrption tint D irwin re Lii led Ins Huon as ant igoiiistit to