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TOJO DOES NOT TRY
TO PROVE INNOCENCE
TOKIO* Friday, (A.A.P.-Reuter).-General Hideki Tojo, Japan's wartime director, to-day took the stand at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East to testify on his own behalf. He made no attempt to prove his innocence.
Arrested by the Allies when he attempted to commit suicide in Sep- tember, 1945, Tojo alone of the tri- partite triumvirate has been brought ti trial to answer charges ranging from murder to having waged ag- gressive war.
In a 50,000-word deposition, Tojo bitterly countercharged the Allies with having "absolutely provoked" the war to force the United States into the European conflict. "I firm- ly believe and will contend to thc last that it was a war of self defence and in no manner violation i of acknowledged International law,"
TO BLAME FOB DEFEAT.
"Never at any time did I conceive that the waging of this war would or could be challenged by the vic- tors as an international crime or that regularly-constituted public of- ficials of a vanquished national would be charged individually as criminals under any recognised in- ternational law," he added.
For the loss of the war, however, Tojo blamed himself as Premier. Responsibility In that sense he ac- cepted fully.
The outlook for a wnr against Britain and the United States, which were the greatest Powers in the world, was not very hopeful, but under economic strangulation and military encirclement the Jap- anese had no alternative to war to the best of their ability and to the last ditch.
! SOMMONS FROM EMPEROR.
He described his summons from the Emperor to form a Cabinet in October, 1941, and said he decided to choose his Ministers single- handed and without advice "on the clean slate" given him by the Em- peror, and reserved for himself the War and Home Ministries.
! Throughout his testimony Tojo declared the Emperor's innocence, with frequent reference to "His Majesty's peace-loving spirit."
Full responsibility for the decision for war on December 1, 1941, was that of Cabinet Ministers and mem- bers of thc High Command, and absolutely not that of the Emperor, ho claimed.
SECRET CODE BROKEN.
Because the United States had broken Japan's secret code, it was fully aware of the plans for the attack against Pearl Harbor.
Britain had decided by Novem- ber, 1941, to enter the war agauiat
! Japan by forcing her to commit the first overt act.
Tojo denied neither responsi- bility for tho war decision nor the ensuing ads.
He accepted responsibility for the treatment of war prisoners on thc Burma-Slam Railway and else- where, sarcastically remarking that the Japanese conception of war prisoners was different from that of America and Europe.
The Japanese since ancient limes had deemed II most de- grading to bc taken prisoner.
The general protocol was not rati- fied by Jannn, he said.
Ho attacked the United States for her anti-Jaoanese immigration law and the Australian Government for prohibiting immigration of colored peoples to her territories.
JAPAN'S "LEADING ROLE."
Emphasising Japan's leading pan Asian role, he said the freedom it had won for the nations had been "plundered" by Britain and others.
Japan's opposition to Communism was to save East Asia from the. danger of Bolshevisation.
The present condition of the world two years after the end of World War II. eloquently told how important these barriers were for peace in the world, he said. 1