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;.BIRTH RATE DECLINES PLANS FOR MODEL HOMES. The National Health and l Medical Research Council at its conference at Canberra last week Coiplied a report directing attention to the close asso clation of-Australia's "omnlously?' de= cininig bi-rth-rate and the .pousing problem .a. '. . " " i direct association -between houses ani bhealth, delinquency~, and. psYOp)19ogli cal relationship' between parenthoo, and appropriate premises. This prob lsm, the council points out, require; lengthy investigation and will as] sumrne critical importance immedlateli the attainment of peace releases hun Idreds of thousands of young Austra. 'llans whose marriages have been post' poned by the war. The conference appointed a small committee to continue further inves tigations into problems associated with the nation-wide housing scheme. The council adopted a report of 30 points recommending that in the con Struction of the model post-war home, consideration be given to physiolo gical and psychological needs and pro tection against contagion and acci dents. These take in such questions as ventilation, central heating, ade quate lighting and play space for children. Model Homes Urged. As in its previous report, the coun cil stresses the need for refrigerators and centrally heated rooms. .The 30 point. plan which w'as prepared by Dr. E. Sydney Mtorris of N.S.TV. and Sir Raphael Cllento, of Queensland, contains a passage from the Beve ridge 'plan, pointing out that homes built in 10 or 20 years after the wvn are the shells in which people wit live for the next 50 years. The plat for' a model horno can be summed ul as follows: physiological needs; cen iral 'heating; phre air; provision " dayllsgit; tullumlrn:t?ito without glaor admnpalon',OF direct sunlisht;, adonun artificial light -without' slet*' ýirott space for exercise and for the pl - of children; psychological needs;. p vacy; opportunities for normal fami life and for community life; -labou saving devices; :cleanliness' facilitie provision of reasonable ." aesthet satisfaction; mories , a ' accordant with provailing 'social ". tandardn protection against contagion;, 'sanitar water 'service;' toilet - faciities'. t mlnimise disease transmsson; 'protec lion against sewage contamination; exclusion, of. .vermin 'from. the. homn@; fncilltle to kceep food 'undecomposed; sufficient. sleeping'- room space' to avoid constant Infection; protection against accidents; fire prevention facilities; protectifo against electri cal shock, burns, gas poisoning, falls and other mechancial Injuries,' and protection of the neighbourhood against the hazards of motor trafllc.