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7o Proteet our ligfhts - ot to Jqfringe upon those ol Others. THURSDAY,.MAY..1, 18790. LIGUTHOUSE AT CAPE NEL SON. THE necessity for' a lighthouse at Cape Nelson has beeon long admitted by the Government of the colony, but the want of funds it may be presumed has hitherto prevented its erection. At the meeting of the Borough Coun cil, reported in our last issue, the Mayor brought under the notice:of the members the recent visit of Captain PAYNE and Mr. STEEL, deputed by the Government to report on the prelimi nary steps for the expenditure of £1000, granted in the last session of Parliament to make the survey for the site and buoy the sea coast in the im mediate neighborhood of where the light is to be erected. This is all well in its way, but unless immediate steps are .taken for. the pro liminary expenditure, the vote will apse,tand' before anything can be done to forward the V erection of the light-house, a new vote must be taken. )The Council, under the oir. n..m.tnnoaa dironted the townsclerk to write Messrs. COPE and TYTIIERtLEIon, the' members forthe town and coun try, urging the necessity for expedi tion in the case,' and we have no doubt that all will boedone that can be done to hasten the movement of Ministers in the matter. Captain PAYNE esti mates the cost at £12,500, but this the Mayor eonsiders an over-estimate, as the light-house will be built on the Cape, and no great depth has to be sunk for a solid foundation. But even if the work were to oust the amount estimated by Captain PAYn?-the Inter ests at stake should forbid any further delay, as the wreek of a single vessel, and the loss of life and property, which the ereotion of the light may possibly prevent, would probably cost the co lony more than the estimated expendi ture-and then there will be the satisfaction that the colony has done its duty in guarding as far as human foresight can against disaster. That there is great danger to vessels round ing:Cape Bridgewater under existing oonditions, in the absence of a light at Cape Nelson, is apparent from the fol. loiing paragraph which we clip from the Age of the 28th ult. " muost singular display of magnetic attrantion on the compasses of the steamer Itodondo took place after making the land on this coast, and it is as well that all masters of iron ships should be made acquainted with th- eiromsntaices, which are thius given in Captaih Donaldson's report:-' Cape Bridge .w ..., .was sighted at two p.m. on Friday last. A uLt of azimuthe was taken to correct the course to'Cape Otway, when thle rror was found to be .14,de. west. The night was cloudy siad thick afterwar.s, so that no land could be bcell, ond on the following morning, as neither the land nor light at Cape Otway could be son, another set of azlmuths was taken, when.the error was ascertained to be 1odeog. east, or nearly two points and a half deviation from the previous afternoon. Had the vessel been ruanon the deviation as madeo off Capo Bridgoewater she must have goon in very dangerous proximity to King's Island. The compass used on board hld given the greatest satisfactin on the provilous portion of the voyago.'" . . /. The magnetic attraction' on the comn - passes off the Cape Bridgowater coast lino,.as observed by Captain DONALD .sON, has been long known;.and; unlor tunatoly, it is not Iron vessels alone. that have suffered from the peculiarity. Several .wooden- ships have boon wrecked west of Cape Bridgewater, and there Is no accounting for the wreck of the s.s. Barwon unless theI magnetic attraction 'o l.the compasses of that unfortunato vessel is takon'into account. The mariners best acquainted with the dangers of' tlio coast line be tween Adelaide antd' Melbourne say tlhat the best possible way to guard against the dangers of magnetil at tractionon' the compasses of all ships, whether Iron or wood, Is ia lght-house at Cape Nelson, and, under sucalh cir oumatances, tlio question oenses to be one "lii whih ' not only Portlnndl, but the whole coloy ""of Vie- I toria, is directly lntersated. The theory of nmriners is that wltltua light on Cape Nelson, vessels coining east fromn 'Adelaide' after passing Cape Northumberland, would, on losing that light, be able In a quarter of an -hour at the ' most' to plitk up 'lba IIght on Nelwkn, ind" once tliat light wias lost it woull allow thait the oveloeh

for Melbourns was in dangerous prox imity to Cape Bridgewater, the master would, with a large ship, have little more than time to clear Discovery Bay, and get into the proper course for the Otway light, which would be conveni ontly picked up shortly after the Cape Nelson light was passed. Under all the circumstances and all the dangers connected confessedly with tile non. erection of the lighthouse at Cape Nolson, and considering that the ques tion is more national than local, we would suggest that the Portland Bor ough Council should take immediate steps to address a fresh circular to all the 3BorougLs, Shires and Chambers of Commerce in the colony, asking their immediate co.operation in urging on the Government the immediate and pressing necessity of having the Cape Nelson Lighthouse erected with as little delay as possible. WVit the re cent experience of the Rodondo, and the terrible fate of the Loch Ard in recol lection, any further delay in the erec tion of a Nelson light will be not only dangerous, but criminal.