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RUSSIAN UNREST.

THE ZEMSTVOS CONGRESS.

SPEECH BY MR. W. T. STEAD.

LONDON, October 2.

The adoption by the Zcmstvos Congress, which wa* attended by over 300 delegate«: from all parts of Russia and concluded ita sittings at Moscow on Thursday, of an ad- vanced electoral programme, which specially urged the need for reform in re- gard to land endowments, has givea the Congress an enormous influence over the

peasants.

The manifesto advocates the better regulation of the terms of land tenure, and the proper distribution of the provincial lands among the working peasants, who at present have to wander from province to province during the harvest time vainly seeking employments The document also iu sisls upon the reform of the educational system, and the introduction of a State scheme of workmen's insurance.

The vast majority of reformers have ex pre?sed their determination to "tight to the last," discrediting a» they do the Govern- ment's intention to fulfil their promises.

A report of a speech delivered before the Congress by Mr. W. T. Stead, editor ot the "Review of Reviews" (who is at pre-

sent in Russia, whither he has gone on his : own initiativ«, for the purpose of enlisting support for the National Durna, whose establishment he regards as a very valuable instalment of reform), has been published in the "Daily Chronicle."

Mr. Stead urged the Congress to favor the institution of the National Durna, which he characterised as "a stupendous and courageous advance towards the crea tiou of a Representative Elective Assem- bly." le was unreasonable, he thought, for the delegates to complain of the many, limitations 01 the Duma's powers, for they snould remember that those limitations were uot final, but might be removed in the near iuture. Nevertheless he admitted that without liberty of meeting, liberty oi the press, and liberty to associate, and security against arbitrary arrest, the Durna would be only a sham. The Czar, Mr. Stead considered, should appoint a Premier, who would be his spokesman, and be re- sponsible to him for the rest of the Minis-

try.

Mr. Stead's eloquent appeal on behalt of che Durna failed to convince the Zemstvos Congress that the Government were sincere in their proposals, and sym- pathy with his utterances is publicly re- pudiated by the delegates.

Mr. Stead is now conducting a propo ganda in the Volga districts.

TRAGEDY AT LODZ.

A MILLIONAIRE SHOT.

LONDON October 1.

A dreadful tragedy occurred in a street of the great Polish manufacturing centre of Lodz on Saturday. While Mr. Julius Kunitzer, managing director of the great cotton finn of Heintzel & Kunitzer, was riding in a tramcar, two workmen, who had previously been employed at the firm's establishment, but had gone out on strike, fired at and killed him.

The assassins attempted to escape during the confusion caused by their murderous deed, but one was arrested. The other escaped after firing Ms revolver at his pur-

suers.

FIREARMS FOUND.

LONDON, October 2.

A number of rifles and a quantity oí ammunition have been discovered secreted at the naphtha refining works at Batoum, on the Black Sea. A fresh discovery'of firearms has also been made on an island off the Finnish coast.

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