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THE  

HOBART TOWN COURIER.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1829.

TRADE AND SHIPPING.

Arrived on Friday the ship Lady Rowena, Capt B. Russel, from London via Launceston, cargo — 1022 bars iron and 45 casks salt, Van Diemen's land, Company, 4 packages stationery, James Ross, 4 cases of piano fortes, Mrs. Wood. Passengers — Messrs. Thain & Kerby.

On Sunday the ship Timandra, Captain G. Wray, from London via Launceston and Circular head, with 54 casks salt, 349 bars and 116 bolts iron, for the Van Diemen's land company, and various merchan dize fo Kemp and Co. W. Fisher, E. Abbott, W.

Cook, T. Blakesley, Dr. Crowther, and 3 boxes printing types to A. Bent. No passengers.

Same day the bark Har?, Captain W. Hide, from I'ort Jackson, 27th December, with a cargo of tun rlrio», consigned lo dpi du Hide. Passengers Mrs. Hide and ramil», Dr. M'Ternan, R.N. Dr. ni«»n »ml Lady. Lieut, Cham}), and 30 rank and file of the (¡3d regiment.

Armed on Monday the ship Reliance, 317 tons, C. D, Hays commander, (brother of Mr. Hays, Under Sheriff.), from Calcutta and the Isle of France, with an assorted cargo of India goods, 2806 bags, (347,510 lbs.) sugar, 2 Arab horses, 2 Hurianah cattle, and 2 goats. Passenger», Mr. Buckland and two children Capt. Smith, Lieut. Beatson, Mr. Lewis, and Mr. Jackson Joseph Cuckncll, Thomas Conory, John Thomson, and three prisoners of the crown.

On Wednesday the brig Harriet, Captain John Kuaggs, from London 20th August, with 100 firkins butter, 20 puncheons rum, 50 boxes tin, 60 barrels pork,ironmongery ¡¡c. Kemp and Co. and various Roods for W. Kermode, G. Butler, G. Langford, J. Jennings, J. Swan, M. Steele, J. E. Cox, C. O. Par- tons, P. Harrison, and other goods consigned to Syd ncv. F.iMongers-4. Messt» Wyatt, 2 Messrs, White, Messrs- Davidson, Henijiiiarsh, Ford and Sewell, spoke the /.bip Afiici for Calcutta, all well.

Same day the ship Harmony, Capt. B. Ireland, from London lath September, with 100 Female Pri- soners, 22 passeiigt-ri», h women to join their husband» and 33 c1 iltlrm. Sutgcon Superintendent, Dr. Clif fonl. ( ,

On Thursday the brig Comet Capt. James Frazer,   from Greenock l4th Aug. and from the Cape of Good Hope 20th Nov. with a general cargo, principally

consigned to the supercargo. Passengers, Mr. Geo. Mac Farlane, supercargo, Mr. Allen, wife and family, Mr. Charles M'Lachlan, Mr. James Scott, and Mr.

James Ferguson.

The Medway, Wight, from Hobart town, was off L¡verpool on the 31st August.  

The wool by the Harvey sold at from 7 1/4d. to 23d lb.   LLOYD'S, Sep. 3—His Majesty's ship Bustard, from New Providence, when off the Western Islands, saw six vessels cruising under CoIombian colours, as privateers, but no doubt they were pirates."—This conclusion we presume was not that of the comman-

der of the Bustard, or he would have taken an oppor- tunity lo examine their papers.

The Midas arrived at Sydney from Calcutta, pre Ttou« to the «ailing of the Wave.

The current price of wheat during the week ti from IO». Gd. to Ile. a bushel. Mutton SJd. Beef fu). Nu new wheat has yet appeared in the market. Contract» for the delivery of some hundred bnshels of new «heat next week bave been nada at 10s. a

bushel. Wheat was 9». a bushel at Sydney on the Sith of December, and maize 11s.

A comply ha» been formed at Glasgow to esta* IjiUhen extensive cotton manufactory at Calcutta.

v The brig Clarhsione «ailed the same day a» the Harriett,'with a cargo for (his port.

The ' Eoterpriie, Hogg, whiting ('ship, waa lott at 'Davis Mraits, 20fh June, <-rew .nvcii. The total number of fi»h taken among all the ubips was only

07.

The Currency Lai» arrived at/Launcetton on the, 6th from Sydney, the Lord Rodney on the 7ih from > Hobart town, and the schooner Prince of Denmark. ' for supplies. In the Tamar, Lord Rodney, «?tinoe of Denmark, Hetty and Currency La»«.

The Lady Blackwood, Magnet, and Eliza far LOB

don, and the Colombia for Liverpool and Glaseo»,, aje loading with produoe al Sydney.

The total imports to Sydney for the year ISJS, op, to the 15th December, are stateil by Mr. Gregson'

in hi» trade list, to amount to,£144,934, while tbatof ?export« during the same period ii ,£19,794 6a.

**#« Jbjuk there it tome mistake in thii.

By an order of Governor Darling of the 16lh Deo. no animal« or «took of any kind, not immediately imparted by applicants for land, are recognised by the land board as any part of their capital.

The obi bank at'Sydney is said to have requested, of Governor Darling a loan of £15,000, in order to enable it to meet a sudden run which was made upon it. The partiel Urs of this transaction, so as to be relied on, have not retched us. Bat it i« certain that lhere is a great want of the circulating medium at this time nt Sydney.

Tbe trig Ellen wa» lo tail for England on the 28th

of December,

In addition to the remarks which we offered last week respecting the baking of biscuits for the shipping, we are happy to state that Mr. John Dean of   Literpool street has lately supplied several of the commanders of vessels in the Harbour with ships' bread, and so much are they pleased with the quailty of our Derwent bread, that most of them have resolved in future to lay in no larger a stock in England than will suffice for the outward voyage. Captain Lusk of tbe Lang, however, from the bad appearance of the harvest last year, when he set sail from Hobart town provided himself in London with a supply for his return voyage, but which, owing to the ravages of the worm, &c., is obliged to be rebarked here at   considerablc expense.

A considerable sensation has been excited during the week in the mercantile body of Hobart town, owing to the arrival of the Company's chartered ships Lady Rowena and Timandra, with part cargo of salt and iron, proposed to be landed and sold in the market. This, it has been said, is an infringement of one of the ruling articles of the Charter under which the Company holds its lands, which forbids the members to trade or traffic. On the one hand it is argued, that this is not virtually trading, for that had the Company not been allowed to ballast the the vessel in which they have imported improved breeds of sheep and cattle with some saleable com- modity, the expense of bringing them out would have been so great as to have prevented the import en- tirely, and therefore the transaction is no breach of contract, but necessarily connected with the objects of their settlement. On the other hand it is clear, that if a latitude of this kind is to be given to the interpretation of this clause forbidding the Company to trade, there appear no bounds to it, and after   selling salt and iron, they may go on selling all other sorts of goods, and set up wholesale and retail stores for their disposal, encroaching on the natural rights and privileges of the community generally already es-   tablished in such business whose living depends up- on it. If such were once admitted to be the case it is impossible to tell the consequences, not to say to the trading part of the settlers, but to all the set- tlers in the island by the transactions of so powerful a body of people, Members of Parliament and others backed by the wealth of London coming into the market as rivals with conflicting interests. In a short period every one not connected with the Company would have to shut up shop, and those who had oc-.   casion to buy would be compelled to do so at such prices as the will and pleasure of the Company or its servants might impose. On the whole, we think it would have been politic in the Company to have abstained from seeking a profit of this kind by the sale of goods, at a time when the stores and shelves of our merchants are already overloaded. But per- haps we do the members injustice ; they look for no profit, but merely for the public as consumers to take the goods off their hands at the cost price, or to give them warehouse room at a moderate rent until they are required for their own agricultural purposes, in the making of ploughs, and the salting of meat for exportation. We are the more inclined to be of this opinion from the recollection of a late advertisement of the Company in this place for tenders to supply a quantity of salt meat not colonial. In the meantime we learn that the Crown Solicitor has given it as his opinion that the Customs here cannot interfere, though should the transaction be ultimately proved to be an infringement of the Charter, the consequences to the Company must be much more serious.

The wool of the Cashmere goats, imported by the Reliance, of which Messrs. Kemp and Co. haw obligingly shown us a »ample, is of the finest kind, and considering the great capability of titi» island for the propagation of goats, we hope soon to see this fine animal ranging in numbers on our hills. The rocks, crag», aid shrubs now useless, and »Licit sheep do not visit, are the favourite places of resort for goats, where they will thrive and multiply be- yond expeclation.

We are happy to learn that Mr. Prinsep, the emi- nent barrister of Calcutta, proposes forthwith to carry his intention into effect of settling in Van Die- men's land. We augur this as the forerunner of a rising tide of emigration from the wealthy shores of India, and we feel grateful to Mr. John Lord now of this place who has so happily led the way.

Mr. Prinsep, attentive to the wants and interests of the colony, has sent by the Reliance a pair of cattle of the very superior Hurianah breed, so remark- able for their speed in travelling, and the size and stoutness of the hide, two most desirable qualities. They are inured in India to carry burdens in pack saddles on the back, with which they travel faster than a man can well keep pace with them. If the present efforts of the Surveyor General prove success- ful to discover tracts of good land beyond the moun- tains, these animals will be found not to say service-

able, but essential.

By the Reliance Mr. Prinsep has also imported to this island two most superb Arab horses of the pure Nerzeddee breed. They are milk white & have arriv- ed in excellent condition.

The William Hannington for Circular head was at Deal on the 0th September.

The Eliza from Sydney wat off Plymouth on the 8th September.

Our litlit) article on the dairy, some time ago, which wa« so much approved by the «etUcrs at the time, and wbioh put the Colonial Times and Taima. nian in arm* against u». has had the honour of ran niog the gauntlet of tbe English paper*.

The wheat harvest in New South Wales, is stated in the papen to be not more than half «crop.

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