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12 corrections, most recently by peter-macinnis - Show corrections

THE MONITOR.   FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1826. NOTHING has hindered the prosperity of New South Wales so much as the contemptible, impolitic, and really profligate economy which was introduced into this colony after the departure of Governor Macquarie. The zeal with which this paltry attempt at saving—this ridiculous, ill-timed, unnecessary, and fruitless parsi- mony was carried on by Major Goulburn, always gave us a very poor opinion of that gentleman's talents in political economy, however much we were compelled to admit, that his uncomprising mode of carrying Mr. Hume's and Mr. Bigge's niggardliness into execution in demonstrated his personal integrity. The late honest colonial secretary was always so enamoured of a sheet-   full of Cocker, arranged under heads and lines, rectili- neal, transverse, diagonal, perpendicular, and horizontal, that he gloried much more in paper-plans which dis- played the perfection of arithmetic and typical arrange- ment, adorned with results and totals aggregate and subsidiary, than in those liberal and elementary princi- ples, which alone can direct the labours of an active industrious people, and be made to consist with a true economy.   BUT upon what pricidples of just policy can it be shewn, that a reduction m the Commissary's drafts on the Treasury is any real saving to the united kingdom? Calculations have been mnade over and over again, parti-   cularly in a late elaborate pamphlet laid before the Secretary of State for the home department, (by Mr. Eagar,) that the convicts in the employ of the Sydney government, are maintained at infinitely less expense (the cost of their transportation included) than the same description of men are in the penitentiaries and hulks   of England. And common sense discovers, that even if the expense were only equal, still an old over-populated   country, whose labouring classes have exceeded the quantum of employment to the amount of ten millions a-year, gains an immense advantage by the transporta- tion of a portion of the worst description of that excess. TRANSPORTATION converts roguish manufacturers into   wealthy consumers, i..e. customers. And this is a bene- fit independent of that other still greater benefit, namely the purification of society by the removal of that inflam- matory portion, whose presence is so great an encum- brance to an old community, and so great a ???? to a new one.

We are aware,however; thatp-t answer to all-this, may be ~ ti' li?b?iewing', it does hot,. follow that Abecause Eng~iid 'hits blietb ' gain''d all- these ,advantages "by expending ~jt1,OOlt; a-reaf, s-he should' not gain the 'same in fi efuib's r di'igonily `O10.Ol: This is the argument which thbe inobiosiderate Mt. Hume, aud"the superficial' Mr. Bigge have' latterlyi hd resort to. .' ."Forf" they'did?'f length ,cfeis,th t the ecpenses of fotunding N w South Wales, had been less than' those of founding and supporting the Englishh lilks.and penetentiaries. Mr, Bigge mnever found this out in Neww South Wales---but at leagth. he ,d acovered that .the colony. haud been, and was 'a most "profitable'concern to England; ,and that in, 'the' comparative, \account , between Great .Britain and Sydney on the~tne'hand,v??nd, Great Britainiand the Mil-' banlk?WPeriitentiary' and ,the Hulks\. on the ,other, the balaiinewasimmiinensely .in favour of 'New South Wales.. Tii' reason of this is' so obvious," that "it is incredible' how'`Ifr. :Bigge, who got 10,0001. on purpose to inquite \ into suc 'things, never found it- out till after "his book' of. .tittle-t1attle rwas published. Yet it is very plain' \that *onvicts,- in the, employ of settlers and shop-keepers, cost ,govrnlneit natlhing.' Arid: the ,met in the employ -of the Sydney govertnment cost them nothing, beause the prodp~cts,;of their labour are worth ii" more to the mother country. in the creation of a.new colony of cus tomers for.het-excessive manufactures, than their,trans portation,' food; 'and,, raiment;' all -added together.. All' this is plain. It must strike every colonist at once, as being ?sinmple is' it is'trie... 'The convicts' in'the Pene -tentiaries and Hulks of .Geat Britain are'a'dead expense --the ?op?cits of their labour are aloss and an evil-for every .pair of -shoes or day's digging dbii' by the' iii~ites of those .;prisns, ' tl rusts a free 'shoe-maker or 'a bourer,,out of" empiloyment, and thrpiws themn on the. poor-rates; in ?.state. of society where :shoes 'and labour already exceed the demand for them. IT follows, therefore, that everytliousand pounds spent by the English' treasury in New South Wales, in promot ing the cultivation of land, or in., fishing in .the:sea, by findindg -enipdfriimtn for her excessive' population: free as well as bond..(for the free population is. supported by poor-Xates8t? n.t amount wlhich, stagers" cbnhputtion) eases the mother country of a pressing evil, and tends to reduce The poor-rates; and consequently; the amount of crime. .-. The limits of a News-paper preclude such com plicated. calculations, otherwise we would undertake to shew, tha't'every'thousand pounds, spent by England in promoting emjgration and transportation to New South Wales, is morehaii two thousand saved to her in poor rates. Consequently, that Majoi.Goulbui'n's late samings. in New-,outh. Wpals, of 50,0001'o or so, has: prevented the porrates it,,England 'frome ?fr rdig .o. ?A 4as 'they would ihave: donesbby.a,,hundredthousand., Rut,athis :is lookiugat. the sibijec~t through a key- olr , Were the, Kings ministers to.encourage emigratidn anid trausport-. ation to this country, on a large scale, by positive, stimuli,. the p r.-ra'tes' i;iuld .}iire decreased in a ratio far be= yond adf thing we can conceive. For ithas beei'demon-' stratadcly. the 1Liuibur' gl Review, that when the price of labour has been reduce"lto a ,stta~r fg iate;;~(so that fif teen hourswork-' a-day could, not:-furnish- the.stocking weaver:of Nottingham with. suffiient"fobd of the mean est qrality-;(bretidand 'gruel)-t'subsist'upon;Und-neither beddiiggfbr -coails in winter) the~rn?tivald of a-esmali pro-' portidnr of .the =weavers to another eounty (ors: colony)?,i would: irstantljr:: destroy the, iintiiensdo omtnpetition , for' : employg'ent,;i and consequently, wotild have rstoretrdthe' price ofý wages to aliving rdte.. ' .'t B* 'Twe.: m t tpursuei our' theory no farther 'here- ve" must chasten 'to what' we had in.?iew iniwritigri on this' " subject. ' .The present Goverhor; from the tenour of his acts, esekiir to-:be 'a 'person; -of iatural candour, 'and' ý' of expeiien?'rof the world. B'it '-unfortuniately' for ' the colon',: and,as we : ar.e afrid, for:'His Excellency's i fame, 'he is. comie'tb. the 'colony full oPf Mr. Hunre 'iand' 1 Mr. Bigg~s.: e'coiomy.'i-' Now we Vorbuld 'advise' him :to' . shake ?off "all 'preribus prejudices of::this 'Ikind, ??'and to I" Slook ftirly- imd: practicadlly ' 'at tling·s.. ": Goverlr.. 'Mad- ' quariewas' secblded ,by Lord Bathurst 'fob his extrava gance,:for:twelve years tog;ethe ,that is,'' ill the' whilB e he wadhrhere; Imtbeiig an honesi :thuin, iiidefatighble in ' busines; nimd a' favourite with' '-ttie people, like Geiieral '1 Darling?; he cared not for the bonsiqitences--he knew he ' could do. nothinig without 'mdny, aid tlherefobie -he keit i' on drawing, and Bathurst kept scolding. Notwithstai~M '') s ing this' phxadoxical policy~-ie nlight: haVe been Iheir to' t this day itfhe~ had not inssted uIpbn:his'rksi~iatibn ibein?, : acceptd?ddifter. haviing terideired? :it five ucindssive Vear~.. 1' Whence arose the iwmmense works- performed "by" Ma-'. ', quarie'btiut by;'a liberal, .ependitufe?': The'l~te goverriL?' :l ment did notJ even fLiep,,i'u repair, wiart:'Mdeqtiarie built "c and coustnucted !. 'Andthe- pik setit gveknm Mt,rt'a ap-J' "i pears to 'us seems toietliter ip6n the:takI off'rfimrnu with. '1 GoulburnAlike parvinaony, - And dt :what did Mhcquarle -i do that'?vas isaperfotadsa? Are· the rotidsbh' made :td' I1 good ad' too .hurmerous-,?' Go' to,'Bafthurst ;and Argyle v and Huntei s'River. 'rhe:rd&ts at thwse'pluces now; 'arie 1 what thelronds to' Haw'kesbury and Lhivepotol were, whenri" r Macquarie:arrived amongst 'us;.rienitlytiripassable. -, "" "o n TrE-.greatest'n4emy this .Country evex'had, Was'v Major: o Goulburni riHe-Was' en:imparfial aran, -particularly after . the second:year'of~lhis arrival, but his nfitfexible stinginess'- 'o nearly -ruined' theirCountry a: andubut -for theninflux of ·g cnapital ,l~'the- great.inurnber 6F Enligratnts (who 'fortu~,.14 nately -beg?iin to 'arivo? the' Country. would' have-been s' perfectly:'Mankrupt. -,But the cargoes--from 1England, , (the result of- previous .credit.not as yet impaired,) and g Immigration, g'ave the mercbhants and settlers time to , o

iy |'breathe--enabled them to bordo'ib- of ohdon; (that, is, .e retain funds which ought to have been remitted) while y f new chli limels'of industry and specuilation wre opening; ie I and so, by merd good luk,' tie Colony righted itself, and it the M por was not burnt. j. effigy,. but finally: departed i with:the, cp d aq)qledgment, that thopgh an9ppressor Lt hr was pan hnlies andimpartial'Qnej,: :.: ·, a - h lh the ;Major's' time? iblankets were sold .at the Com d missa iat' byi ublic :auctibn while: '.ie"' five:?:hundred , wetetche' ??i the:' pieia" ettle rit iliy on'the cold'earth. it Jackets apd trqwsers,were sold, wh?irieminhnrts odf worn d out blankets' ere girt"ab?l~i thf?r?ai'tsito aniswer thie . end pof:,the Highland pettic0qt .;.. s, were, sold wzi'?? d. they were bare fpot--+-and?, leg te settler.,shopldd get a. penny: a pound, too cmpeb for,.their. .pork.the, latter of e ýinferior quality, was fetched, from India;, laid.in.:,cheapj and afterwards served out to the same, wretches: ,i:n a:, e damaged state, while the triarngllere pladed.'near the ea wheat mills, in order to be haid '"tto' titi ui 'thtse,. "wv/i f saias clothes, and sans .food of prO ??tg iti dtiduMfit .ty;' t were unable or unwilling to grind" ' i 6'le "oiout , . f thleir task. .. .,., . . ' WE mention these- things, to sheow,'; tiftih ;pyeent Governor expect to succeed in saving ,,?~,oun.eg,!fgI:the I British Government, he will be deceived:: for we are - sure':he'will not'stoop to the same' measures :which disk. tingdished the last administration. Besides,:ifhe were: l' . even so to stoop, the result would not b:! riear'' so 'gre'at.' The 'late administration succeeded :to '.towns "in' god' repair, bridges ready built, and roadsf riidy formed 'and as level as a bowling green... But ;all these things asre. now? gone to ruin. " The whole. of the, public' buildings I. are tumbling down. : The roads are worn: opt, being. choked with dust: in. summer and:.up to..your 'neck in. Swinter. "'So that all. the prisoners ".in. Sydney, are, not: . sufficieit 'evett to' epair the numerous works created by, the iiinoWitfl'lMacquarie.. .... .. !: FoI, 'Governor Darling therefore to attempt to"'save,' is quite9pu of thei question:. It will be a most Vain atid' fruitless effort. He must draw, and draw hard; 'and ,m?,I so: doing, he..will.' exalt ,the .Colony,. make every ,body?. happy and every thing. prosperous, .as well as be virtually. though;-not perhaps; ostensibly popular in Downing' 'Street.' l' The 6nly drawback on his comfort in short will be, a r?gulari series of scolding letters, and 'which' he must' aswer by draitng twice as: much the next year as' he dd the last W e beg,;t call, thea 1te?ioof the Government to the mannern_?a.which, the,prisoners"on the: roads are em-. played.' A .gang of 'men: (perhaps. twenty or thirty) is enrployed:in.widening and clearing an old road." Instead of .the country 'being previously surveyed;eso;as to cast offi-all "the 'it s atild ots' of"'a 'etiooked lane' perforated'" .throughl he woods byA 'tbcknik& a?rd othes o'i:the' iirst" discovery of the' cruntr, 'so, that' thel g?z may be eir-? ployed, in cutting a road by theshortes route pver the fewest .hl!ls, all is left, to; the oyerseex.; .;vh of poptse, being .no.surveyqri proceelsa..long; the, old, xoa, straight, or crooked: and makes the. new one quite. as zig-zag.and full of. turnings :and., windings. as the, old,.;only a ,little , 'more'lilausible perhaps to the eye, Bruit a'greater mis managerent thani this, is the cicaumstaiice ofthe 'gang proceediin en nassd e 'to 'widen aii' old lane, which pierhaps ' is alr y hard, vel an'toans? e, as to anst r every uiseful, purpose.,fpr twenty years.,to col e. After spending ,,a month.or. a.quarter of a.,yeer at .this good old. ,road,; ; 'they do come at. length; perhaps. to. a portion: which.,. ' really requires :their. labours ; and after a' twelvemonth. 'Imore, sdime ten.per cent of the best.of., the road is made. .a great 'deal, better than was'.at all required. In the.," mean time"'particular'.' spots on the road, (for' instance, IStone'a irry Criek, Paddy' River,' Lewis's Creek '&c: on thp Argyle RIoad re`imain in a state 'of nature,' stb J:Jecting; .thS ,ldeplate crter every time lie crosses 'then I ,to the..casualty..of.. bi'eakiiig, down, straining his. cattl.e,, .and at all.events . to the.great loss. of time qnd lab1our ex--, Speriecced in unloading--and in rainy weather, the unfor '0tunatd'driver meets with: accidents, the most disastroes,: ,,. Now*'if ogoverriient' would just have the common" ense"' well 's te'liberahlity,; to' grant a commission to the maries ftle dthee m fis'f't e ditt 'districts of the' colony, ,whers? e ',circdiffzt takices s 'ar' e 'above' rerat'd aie 'daily ,'curring, by ,which" tliey meight beempowered fto direct .the overseers., of the.said gangs t' drpft 'off a p~rty qfl. "six men froni their twenty pr.. thirty, to. be victualled by the said-magistrates, and to be under their' sole orders, :tll the grievatees' above alluded to would be. speedily and uhappily remedied., A: week'ls work by six meriizat.each of the dkngerous: places.s i the distant parts of .the co. lony, ouldlgenerally render them passable,,and .in lieu I. "of havihg aorts brokend dowp,. horses strained;, limbs;dis. .locatedp, gotds' damaged, ;and, carters, hearts broken,?; 'beside$ ear and-tear of, harness, and beating..and bruis-. . 'ing tlie poot 'horses 'and: bullocks because they cannot. pull the .vehicle'oiut of a swamp up to the naves.of the. wheels,4the whole country would be in.amost comfort *Able state. ..In the.. mean time, the .main gangs and roadsmen of course proceed steadily' in their 'operations;. 'and as they procced,, spread joy and satisfaction through, out the interior. . .. , If the govern'ent .doubt the correctness of this.view of the. subject, .let them take the sense of the resident ygraziers. irs the parts we allude to--the ?mgistratcs w:e.. lnowv are'.timid in finding fault, and modest inmaking. s:aggestions-let them, therefore, ask the sturdy settler,. and he w?ill not 1e backward in.giving full'tongue ttethel : grievanes' of whic~h we. have hlcre merely s.ated, ': ou tine.,

, MENTIONING the roads : and the New Country, ,e reminds us of a circumstance which reflects the greatest ; disgrace on the governrnent of Sir Thomas Brisbane, d Messrs. Hunie and Hovell. undertook to explore the d Southern country, from, the farther boundary of. Argyle, r to Western Port. They received some paltry encourage-. ment from the late administration in the loan of certain . instruments which they could not buy : but in .other 1 respects they were:rather looked down upon; and at all . events, were left.to make all the necessary preparations. at their own cost... Full, however, of that noble enter prize, worthy of. Mungo Park and other travellers, 'which nothing can subdue; 'anidcalculating on the honest fame which ,is'daaer' to'some men than money; and r. eckoning, that thbough' the beggarly government and the present igtioblel' rie of colonists gave them sneers. ,for plaudits, dnd' prognosticated their disappointment and destruction, they might, after all, live in history, and be 'il ::handed down .t;posterity as some of the benefactors of A' :stralia, aadd .that, posterity at all events would do thbm justice-;er,they , bldly,ventured into uniknown. re ions; and i after perossiig the Australiain Alps, whose u?ummits a:i covered with eternal snows, they finally ,riirved at Iass's Straits. Arid 'we doubt not, from the ,decay of their prbvisioii',kid' thir ownn strength, the ,itravellers videw'd the 'ri 'With feelings only less exstatic :than those which animated the ten thousand under Xeno phon, when the' same object presented itself. to their 'view in their retreat: from .the. heart, of: Persia. Tfhe Governmett' of: Sydney, ,if. it, had, had one spark-only bne spark of common liberality, and feeling, would have despatched a small. Yessel, ,laden with ,a couple of fresh pack-horses, anda ,little fresh provisigns, to meet them at Western Point. But no.. The, irnpenetrable Major' ,Goulburn could not' affrd s'ui 'prodigality.' iAotUntry, ,whose income is seventy 'millidlis, coild 'nbt afford the '" vast sum of a' hundred pounds to cheer,the hearts, of two l',of its enterprising :sons, animated, y., the, pure enthu 'siasm of scientific adventure.,,, ;them take the con 'sequences. of their own temerity ! That was the base feeling of the Government. Neither the 'sacred. ipterests . of"'. science, nor the common ini~sticts 'of' sympathy, ,:,which heroic enterprise and palotiotii "irddur usuially enkindle in men, and 'sometimes even iin Governments were, on the present occasion, enkindled at all; 'The noble pedestrians, therefore, unable either 'to 'make the. necessary geological ,observations, 'or:.to: recruit' .their' strength by recreating...themselves::on the, n.argin of; the sea, hasted to return by, land to Argyle., ! The, weather, through the interposition of a Providence which did- not desert the patriots as their Goveniment had done; was. 'very dry. Had the usual quanitity 'of rain 'fallen, in the dilapidated state 'of their resources, would ithey have ever favoured England'and the colony with the results of 'their labours ?' never ! .' their 'bones would 'now have been. blanching in the wind!-and 'the wife and children of one of' them. might have been' in. 'the Asylum and the Orphan School, for any thingithat. thie governments .of Downing-street.orSydney cared to the contrary.. As a proof of the cold,, heart-rending 1.reception they met with on. their return, they. were.. each presented with' half the quantity of land which an ' emigrant, withoiut a shilling in his pocket, or a grain of ,-.merit in his mind, is every day in the habit of receiving viz : one'thousaind'acres.of land ! ! ! This mighty remu 't"eration 'ois being sold,'left them in debt on the expe'di-. "'ion. Such was the manner in which' these two valuable ."and enterprising.. men were treated by a government ,.,which affected to represent the greatest,.richest, and most. ,scientific nation, in the .world ! ! ! ., Mn. HUaE hppo.peculiar claims on the government of' this colony. He is a .native in the first place.. And. in 'the second, he hakP equal merit with. all. those who first "'discovered the 'interior of Argyle. He was with Mr. 'Meehan whd'' Lake I3athurst was discovered. le has "always been devoting a portibn of hi's time arid Aubtance. to making new discoveries; and by the paltry, govern Sinents of this colony, he hias alway's been made to enduie •those 'stings and throes, which a generous and 'elevated" ,mind fiels, 'htn treated with neglect, ingratiiuide,"and ' 'derision ! ' Aye;,' derision! And wc appeal to Mr. Hurnii,' 'whether instead 'of being rewarded for 'hi'~ 'patioficee? ' ertionsvwith aries, he has not often experionced jibes' aind. : tantalization! ' " ; SLas"r 'week we' had occasion to praise the fGdverAi;-.l ' ment:'orders.' :Onewhich appears this 'wveelk,' *eh 'ui?:°' condemn." The order is dated the 2Sd' histarii"?,,' ii&' 'the trUe 'military style of a general order, 'at 'oite birslih'' annihilates the occupation of some scores" of iiiditusudoiis: , .sawy,~s," and 'reduces the exports of the colony fen" tho6u-:. sand a year; for we understand that cedar;i blue guin, and' otheititnbers, have now obtained a solid' footing in the . 'ondon market, and that' they 'anamonted 'last"~f?i t?i" WrE 'know not whether :thhet order ''ivet'teFtb,, bethb.i ,result' of the delibe'ations o€ the'Ekecutilt~ 'oji'.'jr " does: it at.all signify to t4he iiffererd fro fw 14aWhi souideli '" .proceeds. 'But this we knio*, that's?'?ih kihd'of ordb?s;, ought never to-be introduedd to the l'ublic,' With: 'fstih'" ,military' air. Before Government take titWay niin's 'bread, there' ought to be :.a deal of calm' and 'huhiP?l'? ' consideration; and wvhen at lengthit, cones' th be; firxally-'."' dectermined upon, that the depriving oie cldhss' of' His': ' ;Majestfs, subjects of their' present ¶auidible;' employ'. 'znent,; and compeli4ng, themn 'toseek a newavocation'. is .ceCcssary for: the good ofallothe' of lHis~ldjesty's sub-' . 'ijects as a collective body, oven then .we should'as' d io'ih ty of Englishmen, always expect that government:

would, in a fair number of the usual condoling and per suasive " Whereas's," demonstrate the general expe diency of the new law, and show their backwardness to injure the meanest settler.. We shall say no more at present on this subject, but conclude with calling the at tention of the new chamber of Commerce to this order. We expect this said chamber however, will soon, (that is, if it do its duty in a manly and independent manner,) come into collision with the local government. The latter we augur will presently be displeased with their impertinence. And should this be the case, the result will show that nothing but a real chamber of commerce, namely, a legislative assembly, can answer the growing demands of this colony. The chamber about to be esta blished, will of course, meet, debate, and recommend its measures to the government. What is this in effect but a house of assembly? the only difference virtually will be, the chamber willbe a spurious assembly, a college of quacks. The local government, if it happen to like it better than a legitimate chamber, will affect to treat the soi disants with great politeness, and so will always promise every thing "consistent with the interests of the crown and the instructions of His Majesty's Government." But then,. the said "'crown," and the said " Majesty's Government," will often happen to differ from the projects of the said. bastard house of assembly. Therefore,' after mutual humbugging, and keeping up the farce of politeness for a year or two, there will finally be a squabble, and things will then settle down to their present crude state, and the grand interests of our commerce, agriculture, and coast-trade, will continue to be interrupted, as they have been heretofore, by the ignorance of a military, govern ment,' without adequate advice, and without adequate controul. THE infamous letter, copied in the Australian from the Morning Chronicle, displays the advantage of a free press and a competition press in New South Wales; and goes to account for that deep ignorance in which His Majes ty's ministersjwere always involved by the misrepresentat ions of demagogue residents and the London harpies their agents, up to the date of Mr. Bigge's report. Whether that report dissipated these mists of ignorance, we will not now inquire, because we are just going to press, and •have scarcely time to make our comments on the letter iust mentioned; which is evidently the production of, that honest, simple-hearted, truth-telling, upright, ex ;udge, Baron Field, Esq. &c., &e. 'We believe, also, that the persons who furnished him with the facts (for they are facts) on wjiich he has, with so much adroitness and left-handed wisdom:built his hypotheses and drawn his inferences, intended all., that he has accomplished for them. They are the same set of men who, though their lands were tilled . and their houses built by the convicts, ever treated them with harshness and cru elty-and because .Macquarie, anda after' ,him. Brisbane, spa ecolpfortably to the people, invested them.with and secured them intheirproperties and liberties, they turned: their hostility to the local.government itself, and never ceased their maligntnt representations till Macquarie's t resignation; (not haying a free press to protect him) was accepted, and Brisbane was'recalled. Arid now are they intriguing, f to ptervert General Darling, and to set him t against the people of the colony. BIit the General is too i old for the., I-e has seen too muich of the world. He t heard soriiething in bo'wnin -street. He saw the Coun ty-meetings, and colonial dinners, and' public-addresses r at the Derwent. He has recieved a minanly, honest, and i unflattering' addtress from the, people 'himself- ,he reads the colonial papers--he sees and judges for himself.--and c he will not ,be for the oldfaction-he will be for the peo- t ple, in ,spite df their imachinations.-But to the letter .: " The seeds of republicanism are widely sown.'.' Strange . indeed, this, when just; above it is said, " the. most respect- a able inhabitants have been denied by the "Sheriff the humble. i privilege of stating their grievances to parlianent."' But s we need:not point out; the inconsistency .. " The few. t respectable individuals in the colony, who have the sagacity t to see and feel how inseparably, the interests oJf the colonE e and the mother country are connected, men wlto are the real I friends of the government, are groaning under insult and I oppression." These choice few are the friends of the ex- p judge-the writers of the letter's, in fact, on which he i founds his notable epistle. If the people be republicans, a those choice few are of course the aristocrats, alias, the h oligarchists, who groan-we admit it--hut they groan p becaiise the prisoners whom they used to scourge at pleasure, are; now beyond their reach-they groan be- r cause they can themselves no longer " insult and opprcss" Tm. PEOPLE.. Next comes the joke of Mr. Field prais- ' ing Governor Macquarie whom he so much detested! a But now it answers his end. Next comes a hit-" a fr very palpable hit" at the Chief Justice, Attorney Ge- S neral, Solicitor General, &c. &c.--and why? because t1 they lnd' the audacity to succeed to the turned-out judge ct to be sure! a crime in Mlr. Field's eye of the deepest tc dye. Next, the poor magistrates are libelled-they are r either recievers of s'tolen goods, or they cowardly slink a away from their duty. Then comnies another left-handed w hit at the Chief Justice and staff, underi the gentlemanly bt terms 'of " craft of subtle lawyers, and machinations of fe unprincipled adventur.ers." Mre are pleased with his: ex- te honour's anger at two magistrates being, under the new w act, required " to flog a convict," because it is so much. in th character with the man. Mr. Marsden, we are sure, will cc not thank the judge for his eulogiums-he will, we n think, be apt to gry out, " deliver me from my friends!" 'The. ' conit:. lelqgates,"--by which elegant dcsignation W he men;s us one of tlhem, his old friend Mr. Eugar, . ,

r- who used to worry him so much about the fees,.that ,we e- have.ourselves seen the judge turn pale as death on the' to judgment-seat. We remember well the:trial Eager v. at Henry, wherein the plaintiff was not allowed, as in another t- stance stated by us in our last number but one, to state. r. his own case. Hle remembers.too, that it was proved on at oath that Mr. Eager supplied the King of Otaheite at a ,) cheaper rate than ever he had been supplied before te and we remember too, that in spite of the evidence, the ir ludge gave a verdict against Mr. Eagar-and the ex-judge It knows that verdict is still before the King in council, e, and will yet be set aside. We pity the poor Archdeacon g to be hauled into such company. We trust, however, he L- will suffer much less than the ex-judge prognosticates. ;s Finally-in denouncing our Commissary, he levels ano it ther facer at the Attorney General-we are quite sure 11 he must have wished this situation for himself, or hlie if would not be so inveterate against this officer. AND now let any impartial looker-on say, whait: he.1   thinks of the man who, knowing better, nevertheless, to:   gratify private and public spleen, has made such villain-   ous statements ?   A CORRESPONDENT WRITES:   ON Friday last, Mr. Paul entertained a large party of   friends at his new residence in George-street. There   were we calculate, about sixty present. Music, and   Singing, and Dancing, were the order of the night. Good   humour and happiness were universally predominant, owing to the real welcome, unostentatious liberality, and   old English cheer, with which the guests were treated.   We much rejoice to see the respectable inhabitants of' Sydney, thus enjoying themselves; we rejoice that the big wigs are not the only persons in New South Wales, who are able to discuss the merits of a well loaded table, and can trip it in the ball room on the light fantastic toe; we rejoice that the impotent folks, yclept " The Ex- clusionists," are not the only persons who can live in the style and adopt the manners of gentlemen. Not that we would infer that the Exclusionists are definitively gentle- men—for our experience would induce us to be somewhat sceptical on this point. But let that pass—at least, for the present.—We shall some day or other define the   meaning of the epithet gentleman,—and then see whether. it be applicable to many who claim it as their own pecu- liar title— THE company did not break up at Mr. Pauls, 'till four o'Clock A. M.. . . MR. WARD, Perruquiere a la Mode, entertained a select Party at his residence, on Monday Evening last, at a Ball., and Supper, in celebration of his, marriage on that day, to', a good-looking widow with five children. The Party we understand broke up at a very late hour, expressing themselves quite .in raptures at the Entertainment, and wishing the bride and bridegroom : every ppssible happi ness. Our, worthy P.erruquiere was sodelighted with the company of his guests, and so enamoured, acec sa Bride charmante, that he was determined not to open shop until, laje on the Afternoon of the subsequent day., WeV hear tily wish every success to our gallant Knight'of the Strop' and his buxom bride. ' InIsrI AFFECTION DISPLAYED. On 'Wediesdtay last,'. I two men, prisoners of the crown, one named Brady ard the other O'Keif, had a quarrel in Kent Street, respectin " the unequal division of some iron stone which was pla ced.before each party to be broken, for the puirpose of repairing the roads, when-Brady exclaiied, A'rran `Pliil if 'it wasn't that we were brothers and sisters child~,i'd t give you that, at the same moment accompanying his' observation with a poltogue (that is a severe'blow) under the left ear of his antagonist, which laid poor Phil'sprawl-' ing on the heap of stones that was' his daily task to piul verize. On recovering from his fallen state, he roared ' out in the true Tipperary cadence, Oh vyii'bistarad, is' ti it my Cousin Garman that has served me this 'dirty trick, o so now here's at you for the hoCiur of the Sod..: At it. p they went, hammer and tongs; and after a contest of three hugging rounds, Brady was conquered, from the effect of a severe fall, which brought the head.of poor Pat in unison with the newly Mc'Adamized.pathway.,. In gathering himself up, he put'out his hand to, hiq op ponent to shake with him, as a token of friendship, inviting him to repair to the nearest 'public-house .to take a drop of such as the house would afford, .which. after el having done,'they returned to their labour as :good-tem- l pered as previous td the contest.. ri THE: Police report in the Gazette of W7ednesday, P reveals the following facts. Thirt' George Howard,.free, was a lodger in the house of Charles Elliot, prisoner for --fe. That Anne Goodluck, prisoner jor 14 years, was an inmate of the same dwelling. ' That. Howard the free man, and Elliot the prisoner; slept in the.same bed. Stolen property was found under the bed, and also.under S the bed of Anne Goodlucl.. Howard, the free man was committed for trial--Elliot, the prisoner, was sentenced n to work three months in irons; 'and Anhe Goodluck, to A remain idlly in the Factory, on good rations, witlh tea and sugar, &c. for G6 months. I This report demn6nstraies the wisdom of Governor Darling's exertioiis'tB root' out the baneful system of assigniig prisoniirs 'to settlers of in- R ferior character and reputation. Arid the lenient seci' tences passed on the two convict~, male and female," vwhen contrasted with tlihe severity of the sentences 6f: the barber and the dog-fighter, 'adverted to in the third column of the 50th page of this paper, is rathei la mIentable. ' ' B WVE refer ouIr readers to the New' Map "of New South B WVales, for the' veracity of our statznents in the last''"C " MoSzTon."'- 1

There is a very strong rumour in the town, that Mr Rossi   intends resigning his situation as chief Police Magistrate. We like Mr. Rossi as a man, but we think no foreigner ought ever to have filled such a situation as Head of Police any where, but par ticularly in New South Wales. We know no man in this country, so capable of taking Mr. Rossi's place as Mr. Wentworth,of Home Bush: But we are afraid this gentleman values his retirement too much, to return to his old post which he filled so popularly for so many years.   .THE instruments,, the 0long; expe ted ,.ingtruments .,T the, Surveyor Generals Department, have ,. length agrv-f, ed. Something extraordinary may now be expectes. j ,

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