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(Fromfche Liverpool Albion, January 17.)
Marseilles, January 15.
Private letters fioin Naples, of 12th instant, state that a Royal decree was expected, declaring the city of Naples in a state of siege. A decree enders "the ti ¡al of political offenders by military tribunals, and directs that their sentences be executed within twenty-four houis of being passed. The reasons for this
measure aie not known.
Turin, January 15.
Prince Napoleon arrived at Villa Franca this day at noon, and visited the King of Wurtemburg at Nice, fiom whence he departed for Genoa, at 5 p.m.
Milan, January 14.
A reinforcement of 25,000 men are ex- pected heie, of whom GjOOO ha\e arrived. A camp on the Po, near Cremona, spoken of, is abandoned for the present. It ia reported that the Emperor is coming hero to use his influ- ence to tranquillize the people. Thele is not a cigar to be seen ekcep't in the mouth of a soldier, to whom they are distributed by'the Government. The Opera continues to be well attended, as likewise the French Theatie. With all the Austrian officers, Mnrshal Giulay hardly talks of anything else but what he calls the 'coming campaign,' with playfulalludions to shooting down the rebellious Milanese 'like mad dogs.'
At the Middlesex sessions, Mr. Thomas William Capron was sentenced to be impri- soned for twenty-one days, fined £50, and to enter into his own recognizance for £] ,000, with two sureties of £250 'each, to keep the peace and be of good behaviour for two years, for an nssnult on Mr. Mowbray Morris.
A telegram teCeivcd by the Mediteranean Extension Company states that the fiactuio in the cable between Malta and Cagliari has been discovered, off the Former pírica.
We do not say that Louis Napoleon, aided by the King of Sardinia, will undertake an armed intervention in Italy in direct hostility to Austria,but we are satisfied that he meditates such a proceeding, and ha3 long been pro paring for it. Nor do we feel the least sur- prise at his design. There are mrny reasons whv he should not enteitain it His fears, his pa°sions, his sentiments, and, in one sense, his interests, all urge him to some such step. He dreads Italian assassins, and is anxious to divert their animos;ty by putting himself forwatd as the friend of Italian freedom.-Economist.
It is stated that on the 20th December, the Superintendent at Trinity Bay íeceivcd some very good currents through the Atlantic Telegraph cable, the word " Honley" being distinotly recognized.
Two members of Congress, English, of Indiana, and Montgomery, of Pennsylvania encountered in a public avenue at Washington on the 18th, and quarrelled. English used a cane, and Montgomery retaliated with a brick, after which they separated. Knnsas affairs, it is said, had occasioned ill blood.
We are sorry to hear that Caidinal Wiseman is suffering from a painful disease, diabetes, which has been gradually growing upon him for the last year and a-balf or two j ears. The disease under which he labours is one of a serious and fatal nnturc, and it is quite unccr tain how soon it may terminate fatally.
The parent of the Mechanics' Institutions of Great Britain is floundering in debt and diffi- culties ; and one of more than £3,000 is sad- dled on the venerable Lord Brougham, who became a trustee of the infanfinstitution, and remains saddled with the consequences of its par- tial failure. Earl Fortescue, Heeing this fact reported in the Times, has, with characteristic generosity, Bent £100 to the fund.
We observe that a new company, 'The Great Ocean .Telegraph Company, limited/ is about to undertake the lay of a cable across the Atlantic. The operations of this company are, it appears, based upon Allan's bystem of ocean telegraphy, aud a specimen of their rope I is now exhibiting in the Underwriters' Room.
It has received, so" wo aro jnformed, the | approval of some of the scientific men of the
day. The jniricipal feature in this system of telegraphy, besides the production of electricity most effective for working long distances of submerged wire, is a deep sea rope or con- ductor, combining the maximum of conducting power and strength with the minimum of bulk, weight, and specific gravity, thereby rendering its safe submergence in ocean depths a simple mechanical operation. The conducting power, we are told, is greater relatively by 12Ö qp cent, than that of the late Atlantic cable, whilbt the insulating medium is much thicker; and prepared so as to withstand heat and pressure. Under this system it is calculated there will be comparatively an economy of forty ¡j?1 cent, on the first cost of construction, Besides fifty ac- cent, on the working. Wo belio\ e a gentle- man is now in Liverpool on behalf of the pro- moters of the new company, and that the sup- port of some of our leading meichants will be given to the pioject.-Albion, January 17.
Mr. Hays, the Irish Solicitor-General, is to succeed Baron Pennefather in the Exchequer. The successor to Judge Crampton is not yet
A frightful case of somnambulism is thus related in the St. Paul (Minnesota) 'Times' : .John II. Biownson, Esq., son of Orestes A. Biownson, editor of Brownson's Review, was found dead at the foot of a high bluff in that city on the morning of the 4th of Dpcomber, having probably fallen or leaped from the window of his room while in a state of somnam . bulism the night previous. HÍB head was cut in a horrible manner, his face bathed in gore, his left shoulder crushed in, and his body otherwise shockingly mutilated. Mr. Brownson had for several months occupied a roon* in a building which was built upon a steep bluff, along the river side; and the distance from the window to the spot where he first struck the ground is 80 or 90 feet, while ihe distance to the base of the bluff is about 150 feet. From the testi- mony adduced on (he inquest, it appears that Mr. llronnson has long been subject to attacks of somnambulism, frequently arising in his sleep and wandering about the room, and eren venturing into the street unknown to , himself, anti! aroused to consciousness.'
The death has taken place, at Nice, within the last few days, of the youngest daughter of Orsini, aged six years. She was of a frail constitution, and it was thought at the time that she would scarcely be able to survive the fatigue of her journey to Paris with her sister and mother, for the purpose of a farewell
interview with her father.
We read in tho Ost Dhutsclte Post.-A. frightful crime has been committed at Palermo. The Procureur-Gcrieral Rainco has assassi- nated his wife by stabbing her with a poignard, and she, too, in the eighth month of her preg- nancy. She had been man-ied-4.15 years. Her husband, who was the father of two daughters, of whom the eldest was li years of age, seems to have been carried away by a fit of jealousy. After committing thOrnct*he threw himself into the sea and perisheH. A so-called will, written by his own hand, bequeaths all his fortune to the eldest of his daughters, and disinherits tho youngest.
General Macpherson.-The colonelcy of the 88th Regiment (Connaught Rangers) lins become vacant by the death of Lieut.-General Robert Barclay Macpherson, CB. and K.H., who died on Dec. 25, at a ripo age, after mili- tary services extending over 63 years.
Sir Andrew P. Green-Vice-Admiral Sir Andrew P. Green, K.C.H., died on the 26th December, in his 82nd year.
Archdeacon Williams. -- We have to announce the death of the learned scholar and .philologist, the Venerable John Williams, Archdeacon of Cardigan, which took píacé at his residence, Bushey Henth, on the 27th December, after a long and severe illness.
We lately stated that, in the new Catalogue of the British Museum the authorship of the famous * Vestiges of Creation' has been attri- buted to Mr. Robert Chambers of Edinburgh. ' The Bookseller,' we observe, is now autho- rised to deny that Mr. Chambers is the author of the work. It says that what probably gave rise to the report in the first instance was the fact that some of the proof sheet's were for-
warded to him.
Messrs. Newall & Co., of Birkenhead and London, have had entrusted to them the important duty of manufacturing the cable for the Indian and Australian Submarine Tele- graph-. The cable has been manufactured at the Birkenhead work", and is now ready for
A deputation of gentlemen connected with and interested in Western Australia, consist- ing of Captain Mangles*, M.P., Admiral Sir Janies Stirling, Mr. L. Samson, Mr. J. II. Monger, Mr. H. Manning, and Mr.W. Fclgate, had an interview with Sir E. Bulwer Lytton, a few days since, at the Colonial-office.
The Countess of Wilton.-Wo have to state that the Countess of Wilton, youngest daugh- ter of the 12th Earl of Derby, died rather suddenly on the 16 th December, at Egerton lodge, Melton Mowbray.
Mr. Charles Macfarlane.-The death of this well known author took place recently in tho Charter house, of which he had been an inmato for about a year and a half. During 30 years Mr. Macfarlane had contributed largely to the literature of England.
Lady Raffles.-The obituary of the mouth contains the name of this lady. As the relict of one of tho most remarkable of the many distinguished men who have risen from the ranks of tho East India Com- pany's Civil service-the author of the ' His- tory of Java/ and other valuable works on the Malay peninsula, the founder ofthat now inva- luable entrepôt of commerce Singapore, and one of the best and most astute of the gover- nors of our smaller Eastern dependencies, the founder and first President of the Zoological Society-Lady Raffles would perhaps ctaim a I word of passing notice.