LATEST ENGLISH NEWS.
We yesterday received English pa- pers, via Hobart Town, to the 13th of May ; but-the Van Diemen's Land jour- nals, which we also received by the Ca lotia, enable us to.lay before our readers European intelligence later, by several days, received at Hobart Town by the ' arrival of the barque Stakcsley, from Portsmouth the 22d' of May, and bring- ing London papers to the 20th of the
fame month. Our extracts are chiefly 1 from the Australasiatic Review and, the r Courier. 1
Their Majesties were in good health. 1 The Queen had beca indisposed, but
Mr. Stanley brought forward his plan for the abolition of slavery, of which the following is given as an outline, on the 14th of May:
Every slave may become free apprentice to his owner, giving for food, and clothing, and allowances, three-fourths of his time, day or week.
He may, if he pleases, have payment in lieu of food and clothing.
Every slave to have a price fixed upon him at the time of his apprenticeship, which he may work out by extra work or pay at his option. He may borrow the money, ond apprentice himself for the repayment
Government to lend fifteen millions to the West India proprietors upon mortgage.
All children free.
It was opposed by Lord Howick, and by Mr. Macauley ; the latter gentleman thought it of too gradual a nature, and had threatened to withdraw his support from Ministers, who, he stated, had not hitherto fulfilled their promises of re- form. The debate was fixed for the 30th of May.
On the 16th Mr. Cobbett brought forward his motion for the impeachment of Sir Robert Peel, for the injury in- flicted on the country by his currency Bill. The motion was lost, four members only voting with Mr. Cobbett, and 298 against him.
Sir J. C. Hobhouse, who had re- signed his office of Secretary for Ireland, and his seat in the House of Commons, in order to avoid voting against the as- sessed taxes, as he had promised his constituents to do, had again offered himself as a candidate for the repre- sentation of Westminster, and was so as- sailed, when on the hustings, with mis- siles of all sorts, that he was obliged to seek shelter in the church. Colonel Evans, a radical candidate, was elected by a large majority.
Mr. Lyttleton, the member for Staffordshire, is the new Irish Secretary, in the room of Sir J. C. Hobhouse.
Before Mr. Stanley introduced the
ministerial plan for the abolition of slavery, a petition in favour of the mea- sure signed by 187,000 females, was presented hy Mr. Buxton. The pe- tition was rolled up larger than a sack, and was heavier than Mr. Buxton could carry without the assistance or
The Bill for the more strict obser-
vance of the Sabbath, brought in by Sir Andrew Agnew, was lost, on the se- cond reading, on the 16th of May; there being a majority of six against the third reading.
Petitions were pouring in from all parts of the kingdom against the assessed
On the 13th of May, about one thou- sand persons assembled in Colbath Fields» to petition for redress of grievances. Placards had been previously posted, expressive of the intended meeting, and a proclamation was issued declaring it to be illegal, and prohibiting all persons from attending it. Notwithstanding, this, however, a large concourse of peo- ple assembled, with flags and banners, on some of which, were inscribed the
words " Liberty or Death " A chair- man had been chosen, and he was about to address the meeting, when a body of about three hundred (the Review says three thousand) of the new police marched in military array to the spot, commenced an attack upon the multitude, severely wounded many persons, took several others into custody, and dispersed the meeting. This was done, too, without the Riot Act having been previously read. One of the policemen, in at- tempting to capture a man who carried a banner, was stabbed in the breast with a poignard, and died shortly after.
Mr. Attwood had convened a meet- ing of the Birmingham Union for the 24th of May, He says, in his address "Come, then, my brethren, in your countless masses-come with the hearts of lions, but the temper of lambs."
The Duke of Orleans, son of the King of the French, was in England in May last. On the 18th a grand review took place in Hyde Park, in honour of the prince, wLo was nearly burned to death the same evening by Grillon'b hotel, where he lodged taking fire. He was said to be paying his addresses to the princess Vittoria, who is only fourteen years old. The Dnke of Brunswick was also in England at the same date.
Lord Tenyham and a person named Donlan were found guilty, in the Court of King's Bench, on the 15th of May, of obtaining £1,400 from a person named
Langford, under pretence of procuring^ him a place under government, with but little work to do. The Tory lords in the House, at the head of whom waa the Duke of Cumberland, on the following day, were full of indignation at the whole proceedings as well as against the Judge and Jury who tried the case. Lord Brough am " hoped that Royal and Noble Peers would be tranquil, as sentence could not be passed until the first day of the then ensuing term, when an arrest of judgment might be moved for, the verdict being incompleto, and altogether suspended in all or any operation, which it might never have, until when the noble lord had a right to be considered in-
A, duel was fought at Exeter, on the 11th of May, between a Dr. Hennis and Sir J. W. Jeffcot, the newly-ap- pointed Chief Justice of Sierra Leone, in which the Doctor was shot through both thighs. The dispute originated in a
An action had been brought, citrly in May, by a gentleman named Kerr, against Mr. Potter Macqueen, to re- cover damages for a breach of agree- ment. It seems that Mr. Macqueen LI bad engaged the plaintiff to come out and
manage his estate in New South "Wales, for five or seven years, at a stipulated salary; but when he was ready to pro- ceed to his destination, Mr. Macqueen informed him that he did not want him, as he was then better satisfied with the
conduct of the gentleman already acting as his agent, and offered him £300 as a compensation forhisdiappointment, which was refused. The jury, however, under the direction of Mr. Baron Gurney, who tried the case, gave him only £30!
A bill had been introduced into parlia- ment to provide for the removal of the Jewish disabilities. It was read a first time, and the second reading appointed for the 22nd of May. Singular enough (says the Hobart Town Courier), several petitions had been got up among the Jews themselves, praying the govern-
ment not to interfere with them !
On the 17th of May, Mr. Whitmore's motion for a free trade in corn, or at least, with a duty of ten shillings on wheat and five-and-six-pence on barley, was lost in the House of Commons, by a majority of ninety-nine.
The influenza, which commenced in London in April, was raging through all ?the towns of England when the Stakeley sailed. In Manchester and Liverpool there was scarce an individual not af-
A regular congrees of females has been formed at Glasgow, originally instituted for the purpose of enquiring into the state of the power-loom factories, but after- wards embracing the discussion of various political matters. The chair is filled by a female, and the business is carried on with as much formality and regularity as in the House of Commons. We can- not say, that we like suck " signs of the times" as this. Female politicians ! Fie 1
Sir F. Herchell had embarked for
the Cape of Good Hope for the purpose of con tinuing his series of observations
on the double stars.
A Chief Justice in Equity was to be appointed with a salary of £7,000, on whom the present labours of the Chan- cery will devolve, Lord Brougham re- taining the office of Lord Chancellor with a salary of £10,000 and all ifs pa- tronage. His duties would then be only as Cabinet Minister, Judge of Appeals, and Speaker of the House of Lords. Sir William Horne, who has been succeeded by Mr. Campbell in the office of Attorney General, it was supposed, would be appointed Chief Judge in Equity.
Mr. Baring Wall, who was charged with an attempt to commit an unnatural offence, was tried by a special jury, in the Court of King's Bench, on the 11th of May, and acquitted. The charge is said to have been evidently false from be- ginning to end.
On the 17th of May, in a debate on the Corn Laws, in the House of Com- mons, Sir Francis Burdett was ab- solutely coughed, laughed, and scraped down. Sir Francis quitted the House, the Ivories say, stating he never again
would address it.
The Sun of the 20th of May says, in referience to the political state of Europe, " Nothing Is settled-neither in Bel- gium, Holland, Poland, Savoy, Portu- gal, Spain, France, Germany, Turkey, or England. The Revolution of 1830 is advancing."
Sir Charles Colville, the late Go- vernor of the Mauritius, and family, arrived in England, hythe Lord Lowther, on the 11th of May.
The price of shares in the Australian Agricultural Company, on which £2610*. had been paid, was £12 15s.
Lieutenant-Colonel Lee, of the 21st, had sailed in the Lord Lyndoch for Syd- ney, and may be shortly expected.
The new King, Otho, was received with the greatest enthusiasm at Athens.
'I he states of Jersey had passed a re- form bill of their own which ministers hare refused to sanction. i
The King of Holland has refused to acknowledge Belgium an independent nation, but permits the navigation of the
Admiral Sir Henry Hotham, com manding in the Mediteranean, died in April.
Mr. Kean, the performer, died on Wednesday the 15th May, aged 46 ; also Mrs. Dickons, the celebrated singer.
Died also in May, Sir G rouge H amp son, receivor of the droits of the Admi- ralty.
Lord Viscount Granville is created an Earl, with the titles of Karl Gran- ville and Baron Leveson of Stone, in the county of Sussex.
Mr. Baron Bayley and Mr. Justico Taunton intended to resign.
The James Sibbald, East Indiaman, hound from Bengal to London, was lost off Contigo Bay. All hands were saved ; but the cargo, 350 tons sugar, and 1,500 chests of indigo, valued at £60i000, were
Consols, 20th May, 87.
Mr Pepys is the new Solicitor General, Vice Campbell, Attorney
The Review says that a letter had been received at Hobart Town, dated the 19lh of May, in which it is stated, that the following list of a new Administration had been that morning submitted to the King, and approved by His Majesty, if
it could be carried into effect:
Premier and first Lord of the Treasury, Lord Brougham.
Chancellor of the Exchequer and lea- der of the House of Commons, Sir Ro-
Speaker of the House of Lords, and Judge of Appeals, holding the chief Baronage, Lord Lyndhurst.
Chief Judge in Equity for Life, Sir
President of Council, Earl Radnor.
Privy Seal, Sir Francis Burdett, cre- ated, Viscount Appleby.
Foreign Secretary, Lord Holland. Home Secretary, Lord King.
Colonial Secretary, Sir J. C.Hobhouse. War Secretary, General Fergusson.
Commander-in-Chief, and Master-Ge- neral of Ordinance. Duke of Wellington.
President of the Board of Trade, Mr.
First Lord of the Admiralty, Marquis
Secretary for Ireland. Mr. G-. Dawson. Pre^dent of the Board of Controul, Mr. Stanley.
Postmaster and Master of the Mint, Lord Auckland.-Sixteen.
not in the cabinet.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Duke of
Master of the Horse, Duke of Cleve-
Governor-General of India, Earl Mun-
The following vessels, says the Colo- nial Times of the 10th instant, are now on their way to these colonies :
From London, with merchandise, the
Ann, Platina, Jess, Vibilia, Lonach. Palambam, Arundel, Wave, Dorthy Foster, Mulgrave, and Florentia.
From Liverpool, with merchandise, the
Lady East, Edward Coulson, and So-
From Leith, witli merchandise, the
Lochiel, Scotia, and Drummond.
From Loudon, with prisoners, the Buffalo,
William Bryan, and Hercules.
We have, thus, as far as our space would admit, giren a summary of the latest English news. Subjoined will be found a few miscellaneous extracts.
War Office, May 7.-17th Regi- ment of Foot-Captain George Macdonald, from the 68th Foot, to be Captain, vioe Graham, who ex-
68th Foot-Captain John Blood, to be Major, by purchase, vice Pringle, who retires ; Lieutenant Richard Leckenby Phipps, to be Captain, by pur- chase, vice Blood ; Captain Robert Graham, from the 17th Foot, to be Captain, vice M cdonald, who exchanges ; Ensign Archibald Douglas, to he Lieu- tenant, by purchase, vice Phipps ; Arthur Main* warning, gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Douglas.
A National Convention.-For se- veral d«ys past large placards have been distributed throughout the metrop dis, by order of tha com- mittee of the National Union of the Working Classes, and signed by John Russell, the secretary, inti- mating that a public meeting would be held on the Calthorpe estatp, CoMbatb-fields, on Monday next (May IS), '. To adopt preparatory measures for holding a national convention, as tbe only means of obtaining and securing the rights of the pe pie." The intention of holding such a meeting had reached the government, and on Saturday afternoon the Se- cretary of State ordered the following notice to be printed and distributed throughout tbe metropolis:
" Whereas printed papers have been posted up and distributed in various parta of the metropolis, advertising that a public meeting will be held in Coldbath-fields, on Monday, tbe 13th of May, to adopt preparatory measures for holding a national convention, as the only means of obtaining and se- curing the rights of the people ; and w ereas a pub Ho meeting holden-for such a purpose is dangerous to the public peace and illegal,-all clauses of his Majesty's subjects are hereby warned not io attend such meetingr-nor to take any part in the proceedings
" And notice is hereby given, that the civil au- thorities have strict orders to maintain and secure the public peace, and to apprehend any persons of-
fending here, that they may be dealt with acoording
" By order of the Secretary of State."
This morning a very considerable force of the new police, under the superintendence of the commis- sioners, marched ¡mo the Calthorpe estate, where the meeting was to be held, with positive orders to disperse any assemblage that might be formed, and
to arrest all persona who should aot in a refractory
Anothrr New System.-We have got aotual representation, and now we are to have actual transportation. This ia mighty systematic. Convict labour in England is to be done away with, and when a person ia sentenced to be transported ho is forthwith to join a transport, and to plough the Atlantic with all praoticable dispatoh. In future there are to be only three convict hulks, one at Portsmouth, one at Sbeerness, and one at Woolwich, and they are to be used as mere receiv- ing ships to retain the destined travellers until they are sufficient in number to freight a ship. The e/Toct of this will certainly be increased em poly ment to the shipping interest, and increased cost to the public ; for the raomoat convict labour is abolished in England, and deportation beyond seas is the ne oesaary consequence of a sentence to transportation, the docks of tbe courts of law and of the receiving stations will alike be crowded with gentlemen who have little objection to travel at the public expenoe. Mut the change is a part of tbe Whig system, and the Whigs gave us the Reform Bill, and therefore it must he good, even though it should increase four t fold the number of convicts, and increase too tbe ex
pence to the publia for each convict iu the same
TflK Ten.HOUR»' BlLL.rrThe Fac- tories Commissioners of Inquiry proceed, we un- derstand, on the system adopted in courts of law with regard to plaintiff and defendant. The case of the advocates of the ten hours' bill will be heard in the first inatanoe, and afterwards that of its oppo- nent!. The commissioners have been aotively en framed in visiting Sunday schools, sayings' banks', benefit societies, and such mills as have been pointed out to them by the workmen, and in consulting medical and surgical gentlemen. Wa have not beard when the inquiry is likely to terminate. On Saturday there was a procession of the children employed in the factories at Manchester. They passed through the principal streets', and presented the commissioners with an address.- Bolton Chro-
State of Trade.-We regret to state
that the woollen cloth manufacture of the West Hiding still continues in a very languid condition Very little business was done in either the coloured or white cloth balls on Tuesday and the stocks are in consequence accumulating. Huddersfield Market was also very indifferent. The carpet trade is somewhat better, and many of the masters have given an advance of wages. Bradford Market on Thursday was tolerably brisk, and a fair quantity of goods weie sold.-Leeds Intelligencer.
The plan which Government has sub-
mitted to our West India colonists appears to have excited universal dissatisfaction. The colonists are dissatisfied-why we do not very well know. We pointed out on Saturday sufficient reasons for dissatisfaction on the part of the friends of negro
The bowl is at length broken at the cistern ; and the miserable Winga appear to be near the end of their legislative and financial flonnderings
" When a man is going down hill," said Dr. John- son, " it ia an act of oharity to accelerate his pro- gress." In that spirit of charity have we smoothed the descent of the Whigs.
Some recent letters from Greece say
that it has heen at length determined to make Athens the capital of that kingdom.
A commercial letter from Constanti f nople, da'ed the 17th ult., says, " We can give
you the agreeable assurances tbat the differences with TCgvpt are as good as settled. The Sultan has, indeed, been obliged to yield to hard terms ; he cedes to Mebernet Ali the Pachahos of Acre, Tripoli, Damascus, and Aleppo, as well as the dis- tricts of Adana and Taurus. With respect to the latter, however, (he question is not yet quite de cidod. Ibrahim's troops have begun their retro- grade maioh "
Oporto.-Captain Boyce, Admiral Sartorius's private secretary, is arrived in town, being the bearer of important despatches from the Admiral, having left the fleet (iff Oporto on the 1st instant ; and as it was blowing fresh from the south-west, the Admiral was about proceeding to Vigo Bay with part of the ships. On that day 27 cavalry soldiers, with their horses, fice, bad been brought from the south aide to the mouth of the Douro, and safely landed. On the 30th ult a schoon»r had arrived from Lisbon with 37 men, mostly soldiers, some of which were of the police guard, and the Captain stated thal many more were ready to embark for Oporto. Admiral Sartorius, in his despatches, mentions that the news be had from shore was very favourable regarding the state of the enemy. Desertions were more numerous than they had been for months.
Extract of a letter from Cork :-? " Couutv Cork is now exceedingly quiet ; the terror of the Coercive Bill has completely put an end to the Whiteboy gambols for the present, but I cannot help thinking it a portentous calm. The spirit of excitement is now too deeply looted ; and ss long as the deluded people conceive it no sin to kill a heretic, violence and outrage will not cease. Toe Marines still occupy Spika Island, as their head quarters. One company, with Captain Burton and Lieutenants Anderson and Currey, are at Ballincol ling ; their services have been exceedingly efficient in Ireland, and bave merited the praise of all par- ties. The excellent discipline of the men, with / their quiet orderly behaviour, reflects ¡»rest credit
on Colonel Parke and the officers under hie com- mand. In this county religious differences run high, nor do the parties evince much Christian
feeling towards eacb other.
Their Majesties gave a great dinner on Friday at St. James's to the Duke of Orleans, the members of the Royal Family, and a select party.
Mr. Serjeant Goulburn was appointed Deputy Recorder of Boston, on the deaih of Mr.
The military force in England is re- duced by nearly 4,000 men this year, in consequence or reinforcements sent to Ireland, and the West
Land in New York City.-Ground for building is of more value, perhaps, in New York than in London. A space 25 feet in ft ont, and 100 deep, in the best situations, will realise to the seller from 20,000 to 40,000 dollars A small piece of ground which possessed three frontages was dis-
posed of for no less a sum than nearly 16,000
British and Foreign Biblk So- ciety.-At the meeting of this Society held on Monday, Lord John Russell in the chair, the results of its labours, appeared by the report, to be as fol- lows:-to the model school* at Southward 63 teachers had been admitted during the past year, and 51 appointed to schools; two schools had been established at Hull, one at Leeds, one at Leicester, and one at Liverpool. In France it was staled that at presented there were 1.581 schools; and two millions nine hundred thousand scholars. In the Ionian Islands 127 schools and 4,962 male scholars; IO schools more bad been opened for girls, wbioh had 475 scholars. In allusion to it its finances the re- port stated that they were found inadequate. I he donations and subscriptions amounted to ¿£2,978 10s. 6d.; the expenditure was "£3,212 Us. 7d.
The Mint.-A meeting of the Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council was held on Mon- day at the Exchequer Chamber, for the purpose of charging a Jury oi Goldsmiths to make trial of the Mint. The Lords present were-The Lord Presi- dent, the Lord Chancellor, the Duke of Richmond, Viscount Althnrp, and Lord Auckland. The Jury of 12 eminent goldsmiths were sworn to assay and make a true retu-n of the weight and fineness of the money given to them for trial. The Lord Chancelier, oharged the Jury to test the pix of the Mint by the proportion of gold and alloy, and of silver and alloy therein specified, and return a verdict to their Lord- ships. The pix of the Mint consisted of one piece of coin out of every fifteen pounds of gold coined at the Mint, and one piece of coin for every sixty pounds of silver- Three years bad elapsed since the last trial of the pix ; duiing that period gold coin of the value of ¿£4 580.000 bad been coined, and silver of tbe value of upwards of "£33.000 ; the value of specimens in the pix amounted to upwards of 6.000Í.
Singular Wedding. - A curious wedding took plaoe recently, at Yaxley.in Suffolk. Ifattracted ihe attendance of more than 500 persons. The Bridegroom was John Woods, a lad of 16, and the bride a blind old woman, wbo h4» been more than 50 years in that situation. The marriage ceremony was succeeded by a merry peal on tbe church bells, and a large band of rough musie. The parties are inmates of tbe parish-house, and among the most conspicuous oi the company was tbe dis- carded lover, a lame old man mounted on an ass.
Resistance to Taxes.—A sale by auction of goods taken in distress for assessed taxes was announced to take place at Ashton Tavern on the 16th May, at Birmingham. From forty to fifty persons attended, including some brokers, but no one could be found except the poor woman from whose husband the goods had been seized, and the auctioneer himself. A man came when the sale was nearly over, who was perfectly ignorant of the cir- cumstances under which it took place, and "bid for one of the last lots; he soon received an intimation, however, from the company that he bad better desist, which be accordingly did. After the sale was over nearly the whole of the persons present surrounded this man, and lectured him severely upon his conduct, and it was only by his solemnly declaring to them that he had bid. in perfect ignorance of the nature of the sale that he was suffered to escape without some more substantial proof of their displeasure.
Fatal Duel.-One of those half murders that, are a disgrace to oivilixed society» took plaoe on Saturday morning, 4th of May, at Sally Fields, in Portobello. The parties were Mr. J. Power White, a law student, -whoso father is a gentleman of property at Golden,, in the county of Tipperary, and Mr, Weldon, who was formerly a medical student of the name of Dooly, but who had taken the name of Weldon, with a property Of
"£6000. The affair arose out of a trifling dispute '
at the theatre, which led to a cutting in the street, . and a subsequent open defiance of each other at,tbe Shades tavern, College-green, on Friday night,
where Mr. Weldon happened to form one at ti ' drinking party, and returned a ohutT answer to Mr, White, who ventured to address bim on entering. Mr. White then called him a blackguard, coward, otc, and was instantly challenged by a Mr. Weldon. The parties fired by signal, anti almost together, when a ball passed through Mr. White's forehead, just above his right eye, and came out at the back of the head. He dropped dead on the instant. Mr. Weldon and the seconds, the Hon. Mr. Butler and Mr. Bodkin have absconded_A coroner's inquest has been held, and the following is the verdioi of tbe Jury after two day's sitting ¡-" Wa find thnt the deceased John Power White, Esq., wat killed by a pistol hall firtd at him bv 'John Peter Weldon, Esq., in the Sally-fields, on the morning of 4th May, and that Chtistopher Bodkin, Eu¡" and the lion. Edward Butler, were present, acting as seconds,
at the said duel, and that they fled from thencijorth
The visit of the Duke William of Brunswick to this country is general! v believed to relate to the nffairs of the Ducbv, and to the ciarme of his elder brother Duke Charles, who is, we be-
lieve, new resident at Paris, in comparatively
The rumour that Sir Robert Peel is
ubout to join our present popular Government gain»
Enormous Rattlesnake.-A rattle snake was found dead in the woods, near George Town, South Carolina, which was seven feet long, had 73 rattles, and teeth an inch and a half in length. The same writer quoting the following account from the Charleston Times, of August 14th, 1805: -'.' A rattle-snake, upwards of six feet long, ' I and having 12 rattles, was on Sunday last killed ' in a small garden adjoining the grave yard of St. ' Phillip's Church, by Mr. Carver, furier. Tho cir-
cumstance of so enormous a reptile making its ap- pearance in the very centre of so large a oity as Charleston is rather singular and astonishing, but may be accounted for in this way-snakes generally, ? but rattlesnakes in particular, live in hollow logs,
and it is known most commonly in that season in w'.ioh they are torpid, they may be found in the same. In this situation the above snake, may have been conveyed to the neighbourhood of the Church, with n load of wood probab y last winter, and emerged thence as soon as the weather restored him
A French officer, during the Peninsula
war, bad charge of the magazine ; be obseived one morning a soldier enter smoking a oigar ; the floor was, of course, strewed with powder ; the officer went up to the man, and, aware of the effects of terror if he were suddenly informed of his peril, coolly asked to be allowed a " wbiff." The cigar was banded to him ; he instantly put the burning end into his mouth, and the next moment arrested the thougbtlecs culprit.
Some soldiers who had been sentenced to cettain terms of imprisonment in Bnxton house of correction in May last, in lieu of flagging, be- came so unruly and riotous that it was necessary to apply for astrongbody of policemen to coerce rhera.
A watchmaker in Saxony has made a grand discovery in science, which it is probable will supersede many of our present mechanical im j plements. He kee s it as yet a secret, until he baa I realised something hy his patents, but be has proved
its efficacy, by moving by it with ease, a heavily laden waggon in a fresh* ploughed field, which 16
horses wete unable to stir.
Dublin, May 11. - Mr. Barrett, of the Pilot, attended according to notice at the Crown-offioe, to strike off a special jury to try bim for the publication of Mr. O'Connell's first letter. The strikiog "jury under the present Irish jury law is a farce. First, the return of tbe panel is with the officer of the crown, and the crown the party. True, the traverser has a right to challenge twelve names out of the first forty-eight. But these are so ar- ranged at the head of the list, that the crown must have virtually the choice of the jurors. You may judge bow the crown has arranged it when I tell you that all the police magistrates, aldermen, persons connected with the Castle and public boards, are-all piled up at th« top of the list. I saw ihe panel-I reckoned the first 48 names ; and bow many Ca- tholics) think you, were on it? Why, exactly nine. And the crown having the power to strike off twelve, and as certainly the nine Catholics will be struck, off, it is of course a jury completely of the nomina- tion of the crown ! How would the other part? here complain if the Mail were prosecuted by O'connell, and that he had it in bis power to nominate a Ca- tholic jurv Î And do you not see that all the ends of justice are defeated ; that there is horror of punish- ment and sympathy for the offence, when power can crush with or without criminality 1
Mr. Barrett to-day opened the proceedings by protesting against the panel. First, from the faci- lity of packing it afforded the crown ; secondly, be- cause the present jury laws were acknowledged to be imperfect-were tainted, vitiated, and brought into contempt by the government itself, which bad in progress another and amended Jury Bill. and. he ohji'cted to be tried under a Jury Bill so tainted, and which, ina very short period, would
cesse to be law. Mr Bourne, the clerk of the crown, said, " he supposed if before the trial the Jury Bill passed, a jury struck under the present law would be superseded." Now this certainly ahowed that there waa a sentiment of fairness in the breast of the clerk of the crown : but ought not the same prinoiple to cause the government not to hurry on a trial under an imperfect and now tainted system t
If the trial goes on, it will be spoken to at Mr. Barrett's side by Mr. Shiel ; and the topics which the subject will call for, will, I am assured, show up the Whigs in a very curious manner. What think you of this fact ? It will be proved that one of the Plunkett's-one of the Hannibale, as be is called here, a son of the Chancellor, accompanied Marcus Costello to the Arena, where the trades' union meet, to encourage agitation and- addresses to Lord Grey, at the period the Whigs tottered, theieby ta keep his party in office, by doing wbat he could to bring the borougbmongeriog Parliament " into con- tempt," which is the allegation against the Pilot, onlv the charge in that oase ia for bringing tbe Act of Union into contempt. If the Tories got into power and acted like the Whigs, the Whigs would have all been prosecuted for bringing the Parliament as then constituted into contempt. This prosecution is another sad blunder of the Whigs. The objeot was to catch O'connell. It is well-known Barrett will not surrender O'Connell to the tender mercies of the Whigs. They will fail in that-while the trial will produce more real agitation than the socie- ties which they established despotio law to sup- press. I perceive the Globe is asserting that the despotic bill is producing great sstisfsction and tran- quillity in Ireland. Don't believe it. There wse general tranquillity before the brutal and bloody bill. It might as well be said that Tipperary, which had been often much more disturbed than Kilkenny,, yet, which has been quite tranquil the last two years, required the bill, or was quieted by it as Kilkenny. Kilkenny, like Tipperary, would have been tranquil- lized by the law of the land, and without the tramp- ling on the constitution. As a pacificator the bill i» useless, but as a bill which sows the seeds of future disturbance, which is sadly effective. Already tbe parsons have been instigated to an excessive rigour in collecting tithes-already agreement« for compo- sitions, which bad been agreed upon by some of them, bave heen broken, while I see in Kilkenny that informations have been actually taken by ma- gistrates against policemen, for collecting tithes di- rectly under the bill. Pay no attention to the cun- ning representations of the Whig Globe. The bill is bad in principle—bad in practice—bad as a prece-
dent, and intended to smooth the way for inflicting its atrocious provisions and power upon you in England.
"Great complaints are made by the settlers in the
country of Argyle, respecting tbe insubordination
of their convict servants. Several notices have been affixed to farm buildings in that part of the coun- try, threatening to fire the property of their masters, at the first convenient opportunity." —
So ! the " complaints" are not, then, confined solely to the Hunter's River districts. We heard of this Argyle bu- siness before, but not with sufficient particularity to warrant us in giving the matter publicity. But, perhaps there is a "faction" in Argyle, too ? We shall see. Once more we state that there is a case for enquiry, and that an enquiry must be instituted. At the same time, let us be understood, that we are no ad- vocates for severity. If, upon enquiry, it should be found, either that no insubor- dination really does exist among the prison population in the "complaining" districts—or that, if insubordination does exist, it is owing to the law not being firmly administered by the magistrates in those districts—if, we say, the slightest symptom of "cabal" is made to appear, there is not a magistrate who signed either of the petitions which have been presented to the Council, whose services, if we were Governor, we would not immediately "dispense with." "We hope this plain and not-to-be-mis- derstood expression of our sentiments on this subject will at once remove all sus- picion of our being advocates of the "flogging system." If it does not do so,
we care not.
Flour, we understand, had risen yester- day, to 17s. per cwt., for first quality, and 15s. for second. This is said to be owing to the wheat crops having been so long backward for the want of rain. As we observed in our last, however, there is now every prospect of a rather abun-
to is I
Our confined space, and the press of interesting English intelligence, have obliged us to carry over our extracts from
the Hobart Town Journals to our next. We have also received a few recent India
papers, from which we will make some selections at an early opporunity.
We are gratified to hear that positive
instructions have reached the colony to effect con- siderable alterations in the Commissariat depart- ment. The branch chests, as we have already slated, will be abolished, and some less expensive plan substituted ; but what will permanently ad- vance the interests of the colony is the fixed resolu- tion of the Government to tender for every article required within the colony, and to discontinue the competition hitherto carried on against the merchant by the importation of convict clothing, working tools, machinery, &o. This most desirable measure will take effect from the 1st day of January, 1835. It will produce general good, by the diffusion of a large capital, and the encouragement afforded to
tradesmen in the manufacture of articles sent at
present direct from England. There ought, how- ever, to be a standing order, from which no officer, unless in extreme cases, should have the power to deviate—namely, that every thing should be ten- dered for. The discretion of purchasing privately is detrimental, and ought to be suspended.
A contemporary states, that the com-
mutation of the sentence passed on Hartley Smith,
has given great dissatisfaction to the inhabitants of Sydney who have little children." We will not now say anything about the reasonableness of this alleged "dissatisfaction"; but we will say, that if such offences as that of Smith are not perpetrated every day, it is not the fault of the "inhabitants of Sydney who have little children" ; the greater portion of the said " inhabitants" seeming to care just as much for their little children as for little dogs ! It is shameful to behold the young creatures running as they do, about the streets, in such a place as this, wholly unprotected. What can parents expect for their children, as the consequence of their culpable negligence in this respect, other than contaminated minds, if, indeed, they should not become victims to the practices of such wretches as Hartley Smith ?
Of late years the number of sales of property was considered as indicative of the ruin- ous state into which a stagnation in the commercial world bud driven the speculator, and of those dis- asters that succeeded a aeries of bad harvests. At present, the numerous eales of property that have appeared in our columns, find their origin in a con- trary cause-namely, a superabundance of capital. In fact, speculations of this description have been highly lucrative, and parties desire esgerly to invest money in the purchase of town property rather than embark in other enterprises. In some instances, property sold in 1831, and again resold in 1853, has produced five times the original cost ; and parties look forward to a certain advance in value while emigration continues to flow, as it olearly will do, to these colonies. The chief draw back upon the labourer and mechanic is house-rent. An absolute hovel cannot be prooured for less than ten shillings per week; so that a wooden tenement erected at a cost of perhaps £30, redeems itself in one year, and thereafter returns to the owner, an annual sum of £25 sterling at least, upon the first disbursement of about the same amount. The me- chanics who arrived with Dr. Lang, to obviate tbe demand for house-rent have united and purchased small patches upon which they have erected neat houses. Here the rent is in a manner saved, and if such a plan was extensively adopted, landlords must lower their demands, which at present are
The working mechanics of Sydney will perceive by an advertisement from Mr. Bid- dulph, in another part of our paper, that he has opened a manufactory, where he is ready to engage with sober and industrious workmen, and to give them constant employment at 2 guineas a week. This is another proof of the fallacy of tbe statement so industriously endeavoured to be palmed upon the operative mechanics of Sydney, by a coterie of would-be political economists, headed by an ex-
member of one of the Mechanics' Union Clubs
established at home, for the purpose of dictating to masters, what wages they should give to those they employ ; but whose object seems to be to spread an impression in the mother country, that would tend to decrease the emigration to this colony of industrious and skilful mechanics, in order that they might monopolize all the employment themselves.
The abominable nuisance of dead dogs, which the constabulary allow to lay in the streets until they become putrid, elicited a remark from Captain Rossi yesterday, on the Bench. A dead animal has been lying in George-atreet, opposite the Bank of New South Wales, for the last three days. Captain Rossi gave orders to have it re-
moved instanter. We have often had occasion to observe on this before. Instead of receiving 2s. 6d, the constable who kills a dog, and leaves it lying in
the streets, ought to be fined a pound for neglecting his duty, in not removing so offensive a nuisance.
Captain Bunn has taken the deposi-
tions of some persons in gaol relative to the cases of the men whose sentence of death was respited for a few days, and which, it is expected, will go
materially to influence the Executive to spare their
Mr. Barton, late accountant to the Aus- tralian Agricultural Company, has commenced busi- ness in the same line on his own account in Sydney. We know few gentlemen more competent to give satisfaction to tbose who may employ him than Mr.
Barton, and we wish him success.
The Supreme Court will open on the
28th Instant, for the trial of civil cases.
Thore has lately appeared under the
head of our Police report, several cases wherein Cap- tains of vessels haye been summoned by their sea- men for refusing to pay them their wages. We al- lude more particularly to the case of Captain Thomp- son, of the Captain Cook. Sailors act under a very mistaken notion indeed, if they think that after sign- ing articles in London, or any other port to proceed to this distant part of the world, and finding selves of this circumstance, and by every means in their power endeavour to bring charges against their commanders that may entitle them to their discharge. duty to perform, and there would be an end to that svstem of commerce which has carried the British Flag successfully into every corner of the Globe, ever they take it into their heads to do so. We would advise them to stick to their vessels, and pay less money to the lawyers.
We are requested to state, that the sale of Loquet Cottage in Castlereagh-street, ad- vertised by Mr. Lyons for the 25th instant, is una-
The adjourned Quarter Sessions will meet on Monday next, lor the hearing of appeal cases and on Tuesday will proceed with the
Mr. Robinson, the hairdresser, has removed from York-street to George street, op- posite Bridge-street ; where he has opened a hair- dresser's and perfumer's shop which would not dis- grace Regent street.
Conundrums, principally Cockneyish.— Why ia everv man's nose placed in the "middle" of his face ? D'ye give it up? Be- Adoni« like a drynurse? Because he is engaged "brown study" like a lean sovereign 1 Because he is a "thinking" (thin king.) Why is a baronet's "upper coat" like a baronet? Because the one's a "sir,"and the other's a " air too"(surtout.) Why is a good joke like a funny quarrel 1 Because it is a "witticism" (witty schism.)