A GAZETTEER OF CENTRAL POLYNESIA-(CONTINUED).
[Abbreviations.-For the Fijian Archipelago-Fi :, for the Samoan Archipelago-Sa :, for the Vaitupu Group-Vai :, for the Tongese Archipelago-T :, for the Hervey Group-Her :, for the Marquesas Archipelago -Mar :, for the Society Isles-Soc :, for the Georgian Group-Geo :, for the Austral Group -Aust :,
and for the Paumotus Archipelago-Pau :. By observing these abbreviations after the name of any inland it may be seen whether it forms part of any of these larger groups and archipelagos, and further and more elaborate information relative thereto be readily
HIVAOA, Mar : (or Hivahoa, &c., also called La Dominica.) The
largest of the Marquesas Islands in the South-Eastern Group, latitude (N. Foint) 9-34 S., longitude 139-4 W. Its length is 22 miles from E. to W, its breadth being from 6 to 10 miles ; ex- treme height of its peaks 4130 feet ; bears indications of a vol- canic origin ; population 6500 souls. See Dominica, and refer to nominal list under the head of Marquesas Group.
HOLMES I, Fi : One of the Ringgold's Isles, S. of Budd Island,
to which refer.
HOLT I, Pau : (or Holts, I, and called by the Russian Yermo-
leff ) See Taenga.
HONDEN I, Pau : Name given by Schouten and Le Maire to
Henuake, to which refer.
HOOALEVA,T : (Hualeva.) One of the Habais, S. of Lifuka and
HOOD'S I, Pau : (Properly Lord Hood's Island, native name
Marutea, the SE. island so designated.) A coral island, or rather assemblage of islets, but little raised above the water's edge, covered with shrubs, reported as inhabited by Krusenstern, but no one found living there by Beechey, in 1826. Was discovered by Mr. Wilson, of the missionary ship Duff, in 1797 ; lies SSE. of Clermont de Tonnere Island, and NNW. of the Mangareva Group; length 11 miles, breadth upwards of 4 miles, in a N. and S. direction ; contains a lagoon, and is steep on all its sides. W. point, according to Beechey, in latitude 21-30-50 S., lon- gitude 135-33-19 W.
HOOD'S I, Mar : Name given to Fetou-houkou by Captain Cook,
on its discovery by an officer in his ship, during his second voyage, on the 6th of April, 1774. See Fetou-houkou and Mar- quesas Group. Captain Cook was under the impression of its native name being Tebua, which is not the case.
HOONGA, T : (also written Huga, &c) A high island in the
Vavau Cluster 5 miles in length, but of an inconsiderable breadth, lying W. by N. of Neiafu (the principal town of Vavau)
from which is distant about 15 miles. Hoonga is inhabited. It forms the westward side of the entrance of Fort Refuge.,
HOONGA HABAI, and HOONGA TONGA, T : See Hunga
Habai, &c. HOPE ISLAND, (of Le Maire and Schouben,)T : Probably same
as Probys Island of Captain Edwards ; native name is Niua- Foon, to which refer.
HORN ISLAND, or Hoorn Island. Name given by Le Mairie and
Schouten to Fotuna (after Hoorn the birth-place of Schouten, on their discovery of that island on the 21st of May, 1616. See
Fotuna. HOUA-POOU, Mar : (Ropo, Roapoa, Hoapoa, Uapoa, Uapeu, &c.
Also called Adams I, and Trevenian's I, Baud I, &c.) One of the north-western group of the Marquesas islands, rising to the
height of 3900 feet above the level of the sea, about 30 miles S. of Nukahiva. Its outline is very romantic and peculiar ; three or four elevated peaks appear in the interior, one of which, ap- proaching the proportions of an enormous steeple or spire, lean-
ing much on one side, rises to a perfect point at least 1000 feet above the elevation of the general range. Hooa-poou is the apex of a triangle formed by Nukahiva Proper on the W, Houna-houna on the E., and itself on the S, These three islands are often included under the general term of Nukahiva, both by
Marquesans and foreigners. For further particulars as to the position, &c., of Houa-poou, see Marquesas. HOUNA-HOUNA, Mar : (Rooha, Rahouka, Huahuka, Uahukar, Roa-honga, &c. ; also called Washington Island, and by Ellis
Rious, by others Solide, &c.) One of the north-western group of the Marquesas Islands, rising to the height of 2430 feet above the level of the sea, about 25 miles E. of the Island of Nukahiva. Its S. shore is described by Stewart as lofty, precipitous, and barren. This island, he says, " like most other tropical islands, that I have seen, is deeply furrowed with narrow glens, separated from each other by sharp spurs of the mountain, running from the high land in the centre to the shore. Here and there a small tableland, and occasionally a short sand beach, appears, but no
alluvial interval, and generally a bold coast, with breakers dash- ing high against its dark cliffs. No woodland to be seen except on the loftiest peaks in the interior, but all the high ridges and valleys and the whole surface of the country is beautifully ver-
dant from a heavy growth of tufted grass. Near the SW. point of Houna-houna are two islets, evidently once a part of the main island. The western and north-western sides of this island are somewhat different in character from its southern aspect above described, being of a more gentle elevation, well wooded, and well provided with coves and bays. For further inform- tion as to the position, &c., of this island, see Houa-poou, and
the Marquesas Islands.
HOWE'S ISLAND, properly Lord Howe Island. (Mopaha, or
Moupiha, &c.) An island lying to the south-eastward of the Scilly Isles, and to the S. of Bellinghausen I, about 250 miles W. of the Society Isles. Originally discovered by Wallis in 1767,
and visited afterwards by Cook in 1774. Lies (according to Ellis) in latitude 16-46 S., longitude 154-12-45 W. Howe's Island is described as 10 miles long by 4 miles broad.
HOWE'S ISLANDS, T : One of the synonyms of the Hafulahao, or Vuvav Group ; a name given to that cluster by Captain Edwards of the Pandora, 1791 See Tongese Archipelago.
HOWISON I, Fi : An islet NE.of Blunt Island, which lies N. of
Ono ; at the NE. end of Kandavu.
HUAHEINE, Soc : (or Huahine, also called by the native Atiapii.)
A fine large hilly island, 15 miles E. of Raiataia, and 130 miles WNW. of Tahiti. Is the most eastern island of that cluster, still independent, which lies NW. of the Georgian Group-the Society Islands, properly so called. Discovered by Captain
Cook on the 16th July, 1767. Inhabitants in appearance, lan-
guage, and customs the same as those of Bola Bola and Raiataia ; but, being more energetic and generally in- dustrious, are further advanced in civilisation. Contented, and not unaverse to occasional amusement, the Huaheinians appear to avoid the extremes of ascetic gloom and idle frivolity, and form a busy little thriving commu- nity. Many engage in shipbuilding unaided by Europeans, forging their own bolts, and performing whatever iron work they may require, with the facility of ordinary artisans. Seve- ral of the schooners thus built by them are from 18 to 20 tons burthen, and they have often as many as eight or ten upon the stocks at a time The Huaheinians are active and enterprising traders, and their flag, which in common with Raiataia and Bola Bola, is the same as the old red and white ensign of Tahiti,
is well known and respected, even as far north as the seaport towns of the Hawaiian Islands, a distance of 2500 miles. In her political relations Huaheine, like the neighbouring Island
States of Raiataia and Bola Bola, in the same group, is entirely self-governed, but (unlike them) is at present a sort of Republic. Three or four years ago (in 1853 or 4) the subjects of the Queen
of Huaheine, doubtless not without good cause, revolted ; on which Her Majesty abdicated in favour of the son of Aimata (styled Pomare IV.) the protected Queen of the Tahitian or Georgian Group ; a circumstance which rather increased than allayed the irritation of the Huaheinians, as, for some reasons or other, they are very jealous of French in- fluence. A strong party declaring itself in favour of a republic, a battle ensued between the two factions, in which thirty persons were slain. A french steamer, despatched by the Protectorate in the Georgian Islands, then arrived and carried away the ex- Queen and her party to Tahiti, where they have since remained, in security, and left Huaheine in peace.
Huaheine is of a very irregular shape, and is, strictly speaking, two islands, as there is a boat passage between the coral reef which connects the larger, or northern part, Huaheine-Nui, with the smaller, or southern- Huaheine-iti. It possesses
two harbours, that called Owharre-roa (a) by Cook, on its eastern aspect, the larger one; and that designated by the same navigator Owharre only, a smaller one, at the NW. extremity. Fare and Fareloa seem to be the modernised forms of these two designations. An extensive sea reef shelters the southern and western sides of Huaheine, within which (SW. of the main island) is the lovely islet of Oaei-orea, or, as it is now written, Vaiorea. Another islet in the immediate vicinity of Huaheine is named Taumau. Huaheine is not so wild in its outline as Eimeo, in the Georgian group, but although inferior in point of size, is considered, in many respects, to bear a strong resemblance to Tahiti. In its northern part, on the banks of Lake Maeva (a fine sheet of water several miles long) lie the ruins of the ancient temple of Tane, formerly, in old pagan times, a place much resorted to by the natives.
Huaheine first received a regular code in 1822, the " El Ture na Huahine" consisting of twenty-nine laws, with numerous
ordinances respecting the due administration of justice appended thereto-having been solemnly enacted by the National
Assembly of this island in the month of May in that year. These were printed and published for general circulation, and after wards (in 1826) considerably revised and improved. With various necessary modifications, they are understood to be still
in force. An additional series, chiefly affecting the relations of foreigners with Huaheinians, and those of natives with foreigners, were, subsequent to the second revision, put forth
by authority, and adopted, under the title of "The Harbour Regulations of the port of Huaheine," by Captain J. Laws, of H.B.M. ship Satellite, 17th March, 1829. On accepting these last mentioned ordinances, Captain Laws, on the part of Great Britain, officially recognised what is now usually known as the old flag of Tahiti (red with a white fess or bar thereon) to be also the national ensign of the Society Isles-as well as that of the Georgian Group. As the common ensign of the Society Isles this flag is still borne by Huaheine, although in the Georgian Group it has had to give way to the flag of the Pro- tectorate. Formerly, as lately as 1822 and even afterwards, the Sovereign Chief of Huaheine claimed and received full govern- mental powers over Tapamanoa or Tabuacmanu, the most westerly of the Georgian Group. These rights appear, how- ever, to have been long since relinquished in favour of Pomare
IV. ; and that island is now, to all intents and purposes, a part of the dominions of the French Tahitian Protectorate. Of the number of settlements, &c., in Huaheine at the present day, and, indeed, of its existing state and prospects generally, very little that is definite and satisfactory has been ascertained. It is not difficult to learn what is doing there in missionary and mercantile matters, or accurately to inform ourselves of what was the state of this people and their country nearly ninety years ago, but anything of a more recent date appears to be out of the question. And yet the present political and social state of Huaheine, the frontier state in these parts of all Independent Polynesia, is a matter of considerable moment, not merely to Polynesia Powers, but to the missionary and the merchant. It is a subject at least as interesting as the actual state of a school, or the current price of cocoanut oil, and possibly of more even- tual importance than both. The population of Huaheine may perhaps be estimated at 2500 souls, all of whom, it is needless to observe, are Christians. Huaheine is laid down by Ellis in lati- tude 16-43 S., longitude 151-6-45 W. ; the position, doubtless, of its principal harbour.
HUAHUKA, Mar : A native synonym (used by Stewart) for
Houna-houna, to which refer.
HUDSON I, Fi : An islet between May Island and Black Island,
NE. of Kandavu, to which refer.
HUDSON I, Vai : One of the northerly Islands of the Vaitupu
Group, lying W. of Speiden Island. It is a small inhabited island, discovered by, and named after, Captain Hudson, of the Peacock, in March, 1841. Position, latitude 6-19 S , longitude 176-23-15 E. Hudson Island is 1 mile 4-10ths long, N. and S., and 9-10ths of a mile wide, E. and W. Village under the cocoanut trees on the western side. Of coral formation, has no lagoon, and can be seen 8 or 10 miles off. Reefs extend from its N. and S. points for nearly a mile each way.
HUDSON ISLES, Fi : A group of five or six islands NW. of Ma-
lolo, and W. of Naviti Levu.
HULL'S I, Phoenix Group. One of the islands of the Phoenix
Group, about 60 miles W. of Sydney I. its NW. point being in longitude 172-20-52 W., and latitude 4-29-48 S. It was found tem- porarily inhabited in 1841 by eleven Tahitians and a Frenchman, who were there for the purpose of catching turtle. Hull's Island has but few cocoanuts, and little fresh water.
HUMPHREY'S ISLE. Name given by the English to Maniiki,
to which refer.
HUNGA, T : (Hunga Hunga of Erskine). An island near Vavau.
HUNGA HABAI, T : (Also written Huga Habai. &c.) An unin-
habited islet, lying about one league to the N. of Hunga Tonga, and 30 miles N. of the western extremity of Tonga-tabu. Hunga Habai is described by La Perouse as consisting wholly of rock, lofty enough to be visible at the distance of 15 leagues.
HUNGA TONGA, T : (Also written Huga Toga.) An unin-
habited islet, lying about 20 miles N. of the western extremity of Tonga-tabu, 3 or 4 miles S. of Huga Habai, and nearly in the same latitude (20-32) as Cafanga, one of the most southerly of the Habai group. Huga Toga is about equi-distant from both Tonga-tabu and Cafanga. Is of the same size and appearance as Huga Habai, and visible from about the same distance.
HUNTER'S ISLAND. (Also named Onaseuse.) A volcanic
island, fertile and well inhabited, in latitude 15-31 S., longitude 176-11 E. Lies NNW. of Navite Leva, the principal island of the Fiji group, at some considerable distance. The natives are peaceable and friendly.
HUNTER'S ISLAND. (Peron Mo-native name, if any, un-
known.) An island due W. of Atata, or Pylstaart Island, in latitude 22-24-2 S., longitude 172-5-15 E. Lies SW. of Kandavu, the principal of the south-western Islands of Fiji, E. of the Isle of Pines, and 144 miles WSW. of Bethune Conway's Reef. It is a volcanic conical block, 974 feet high, only spreading at its base half a mile N., and S. by one-third of a mile across. From its abrupt wooded slopes issue sulphureous jets of vapour, but is does not appear in other respects to be an active volcano. No
outlying dangers, but difficult of access. Captain Denham, from whose description these particulars are principally derived, has recently visited this island in H.B.M ship Herald, and de-
termined its true position. Thus Hunter's Island lies 36 miles E. of Matthew's Island, with which it appears to have a sub- marine relation, soundings in 530 fathoms having been obtained half-way between them. Besides this, there is a third island called Hunter's Island, not within the limits of Central Poly- nesia, as now described. This is stated to lie in latitude 5-42 N., longitude 169-6 E.
IKA, Fi : A small inconsiderable islet, between the islet of Ragi
Ragi (or Raki Raki) and the main land-the N. side of Viti
ILE DANGIER, Pau : (San Narcisso of Bonechea.) The Island
thus named by Duperry, is probably the same as Puka Puka, or
Clarke's Island, which see.
ILE DE HARPE, Pau : (Heeow, Heyou, &c.) See Harpe Island
ILE DES LANCIERS, Pau : (Pukerura,-Thrum Cap of Cook.) Name given by Bougainville to Pukerua, on its discovery by him
in 1768, in consequence of the men seen by him on it being armed with spears. See Pukerua and Thrum Cap.
INDEPENDENCE I. (Also called Ganges I.) An island lying
between the Vaitupu Group on the N., and Rotumah on the S., about three degrees S. of Funafute, or Ellice's Island.
INDEPENDENCE I. Another island near Starbeck and Malden
Islands-NE. of the former, and E. of the latter-considerably to the N. of Tongareva and that part of the Southern Pacific which lies E. of the Maniiki Group.
INGRAHAM'S ISLES, Mar : A synonym used in some maps for
the NW. group of the Marquesas Archipelago. See Mar- quesas.
IRRIGEN, Pau : (The Labyrinth of Roggervein.) See Laby-
ISLA DE JESUS. A solitary island, discovered by Alvaro de
Mendana de Neyra in 1568 ; placed in some maps W. of the Hudson I, of the Vaitupu Group ; bearing NE. from the Queen Charlotte Archipelago (Nitendi, Toubouai, Vanikoro, &c.) in Melanesia. Its position and identity appear, however, to be uncertain. Placed by Arrowsmith (1844) in latitude 7- S., longitude 172-30 E.
ISLAS DE GALVEZ, T : Name now disused, applied by Maurelle in 1781 to the Habais. See Habai Group.
ISLES OF DANGER (of Byron). See Danger Isles.
ITA, Fi : An islet off the SE. end of Androna, or Drola,-near
Paka, in the Yasawa Group. Lies in latitude 6-55-18 S., longi-
tude 177-24-3 E. See Drola.
JESUS I, see Isla de Jesus.
JOHNSON I, Fi : One of the Hudson's Islands, NW. of Malolo,
and W. of Naviti Levu ; between Carr I. and Alden I.
JUAN FERNANDEZ (or Mas-a-tierra), an island in the SE. Pacific,
about 90 miles E. of Mas-a-fuera, at no very considerable dis- tance from the SW. coast of South America. Subject to Chili. Formerly that State had a penal settlement here, established in 1819, but now abandoned. Juan Fernandez takes its ordinary designation from a Spanish pilot of the name, who discovered it in the year 1563 ; it has since acquired much celebrity as the supposed scene of Defoe's romance of Robinson Crusoe. It is
from 10 to 12 miles long and about 6 miles broad, its area
being nearly 70 square miles. The coast line is very irregular, with frequent bays and headlands, the chief harbours are Port English, on the S. side, visited by Anson, in 1741 : Port Juan on the W. and Cumberland Bay on the N. side of the island. Its northern half is a lofty basaltic formation, inter- sected with narrow but fruitful and well-wooded valleys, while to the S. the land though less elevated is rocky and barren. The
fig and vine flourish on the hill sides and among the larger trees are the sandal, cork, and a species of palm called chuta bearing a rich fruit. Goats are found here in a wild state, and on the rocks are seals and walruses ; fish are plentiful, and especially cod. The island is very subject to earthquakes.
About fifteen years since Juan Fernandez was taken on lease from the Chilian Government by an enterprising American,
who brought thither about 150 Tahitian families. It was then occupied by them with the intention of cultivating the land,
rearing cattle, and so improving the port of Cumberland Bay as to render it fit for the resort of whalers and other vessels navi-
gating the South Pacific Ocean.
KAIMBO, Fi : Two or three islets to the W. of the small, but in-
habited island of Ythata, one of the eastern group of the Fijian Archipelago. The Ythata people grow yams, &c., on these islets. KALAFAJEA.T : (Falafejia) An uninhabited rocky islet at the
SE. end of the Habais, where the Tongese go to fish.
KALI, Fi : An islet near Faliki Harbour. See Drola, one of the
(a) There is a sunken rock on the larboard side as you enter this harbour; a vessel of heavy tonnage, if brought too near, would strike upon it, although one of light burthen might pass over it.
KAMBARA, Fi : (Or Kumbaru, &c.) A well wooded island, distant SW. from that of Lakemba 37 miles. Canoes made here. No anchorage for large vessels. A bell-shaped peak on the NW.
side 300 feet high forms a good landmark. Subject to Lakemba.
Christian, and a Wesleyan mission station. Towns Koroilulu,
Lomaji, Nggalinggali, and Undu. Belongs, of course, to the eastern group of the Fijian Archipelago.
KAMIA, Fi : More properly Nggamea, to which refer.
KANATHEA, Fi : A pretty island 8 miles in circumference, 7
miles due E. of Vanua-valavo, one of the Exploring Isles : is one of the eastern-group of the Fijian-Archipelago.-Subject to Somu Somu. Lies 58 miles NNW. from Lakemba.
KANDAVU, Fi : (Kantavu, Ngundavu, Kantab, Kadaou, Kadauv,
&c. ; and, in some maps, Mywolla, or Myolla). A large, popu-
lous, well-wooded, and mountainous island, S. of Naviti Levu ;
being the principal island in the south-western group, or cluster of the Fijian Archipelago. It lies 63 miles S. by W. from Bau, 41 miles from the nearest point of Naviti Levu, and about 26 miles S. of Benga ;-is upwards of 26 miles in length, and in breadth averages from 4 to 8 miles. Is said to have no safe harbours on its southern side, but on the W. there is a small bay, at Malatta, which offers a temporary anchorage, although it is difficult to choose a place there on account of the numerous reefs. South-westward, however, of Malatta is Tavutha Bay-frequented by whalers, who anchor off the town in 15 fathoms of water, sandy bottom. Safe anchorage on the NE. side of Kandavu-between it and Ono-i- ra. The population of Kandavu is estimated at 16,000 souls, of whom it is said that not less than 10,000 have recently (1857) embraced Christianity. Kandavu is one of the most densely populated islands in the whole of Fiji, and is properly subject to Rewa. The inhabitants are, however, divided into clans under their own chiefs. Not long since the Kandavuans were favored with a hostile visit from the Tonga-Bau forces, who appear to have left things after them in a rather unsettled state. Kan-
davu is celebrated for the manufacture of canoes; and contains
upwards of forty towns, of which but little is as yet known. The island lies principally E. and W., with a narrow isthmus
about midway, not more than a half a mile across. KANUSIMANA, Fi : An Island NE. of the island of Taviune, off
KAO, T : An island, with a lofty peak, near Tofoa, about 30 miles
to the westward of Lifuka, the principal island in the Habai Group. Kao is famous for its wood, and the manufacture of its
KAPA, T : A high, inhabited island, in the Vavau cluster, and
about 8 miles in circumference, and 7 miles SSW. of Neiafu. It contains three settlements or townships, viz., Kopa, Falivahi, and Otea. Near Otea, the watering-place of Port Refuge, at the N. point-the entrance to the harbour-is a
singular cavity in the coral rock, called Anapekapeka, or the
KATAFANGA, T : An uninhabited islet inside the barrier reef of
Vavau, near the island of Kapa, to the SW. of Neiafu.
KATAVANGA, Fi : An uninhabited island 20 miles ESE. from
Vanua Valavo (one of Exploring Isles), and 43 miles NE. of Lakemba. Is of volcanic origin ; has no safe anchorage ; belongs to the eastern group of the Fijian Archipelago.
KATIU, Pau : (or Katin or Sacken). A lagoon island W. of
Makemu, and N. of Tuinaka, Tipotu, and Ohiti-three islands forming the Sea Gull Group of Commodore Wilkes. Clear ship entrance to lagoon of Katiu on the NE. side, and another on the WNW. A dangerous island to make, from the wide gaps en- circling the lagoon. Its centre lies in latitude 16-16 S., longitude 144-19 W. Katin lies 19 miles N. by W. from Tuinake.
KATUTIA, Her : The Raratongan name for Atin, to which refer. KAUCHI, Pau : A synomyn for Aratica, to which refer.
KAUKARA, Pau : An inhabited lagoon island, lying S. of Arutua
and Apatuki, to the NE. of Tahiti. * Latitude 15-45 S., longitude
KAVEWA, Fi : See Cabeva.
KAWAKE, Pau : (Vincennes I.) A lagoon island lying between
Aratica (or Carlshoff I.) on the NW., and Raraka on the SE. Entrance to lagoon to the S. of tho island. Lies NE. of Takarawa, in * latitude 15-50 S., longitude 145-10 W.
KAWA KAWA, Fi : A small island near the SW. extremity of
Ya-Asaua Island There are three islets near it.
KEINUTA, T : A sandy islet on the E. side of Vavau, unin-
KEMIN'S I. See Gardener's I, Phoenix Group.
KEPPEL'S ISLAND, T : (NiuaTobutabu.) This island (identi-
fied in some of our most correct charts as the Traitor's, or Verraders Island of Le Maire and Schouten) is known to the na- tives under the name of Niua Tobutabu, and lies 15 SW. of Tafahi, or Boscawen's Island. Rediscovered, and named Keppel's Island, by Captain Wallis, 1767, See Niua Tobutabu. KESE, Fi : An island, one of the Yasawas, NW. of Naviti Levu.
KIA, Fi : (or Kie.) An island off Muthuata, 11 miles from the N.
coast of Vanua Levu. There is another islet adjoining to it. It
lies directly N. of Mathuata Island.
KING GEORGE'S ISLANDS, Pau : Name given by Byron to
Tiokea and Oura, on his discovery of those islands on the 9th of
June, 1765. See Tiokea and Oura.
KING GEORGE THE THIRD'S ISLAND, Geo : Name (now dis-
used) given to Tahiti by Wallis, who rediscovered that island on the 18th of June, 1767. It was originally discovered by Quiros in 1606. See Tahiti, Sagitaria, Nouvelle Cythere, &c.
KING'S I, Pau : Name given to Taira by Wilkes, on its discovery
by one of his seamen, on the 29th August, 1839. See Taira.
KINSILK ISLAND, Fi : An islet NE. of Asaua, and E. of Tim-
boor Islet : the most northerly of the Yasawa Group.
KIOA, Fi : (Or Keai, in Wilkes' Chart, Kea I.) An island to the
eastward of the SE. extremity of Vanua Levu. Lies in latitude
16-40 S., longitude 179-5 W.
KNOX I, Fi : One of the Yasawa Group, N. of Baldwin Island, to
KNOX I, Mar : Name appearing on some maps as for one of the
north-western group of the Marquesas. Native name and identity uncertain. Probably Hiaou or Masse.
KOLOA, T : An inhabited island in the Haofulahoa Group, near
Vavau. 2 Miles in circuit, and lying 6 miles E. of Neiafu.
KOMBELAU ISLANDS, Fi : Three islets off Kombelau Point, on
the S. side of Vanua Levu. The names of these islands are, (1) Moro, which is a quarter of a mile long ; and E. of Moro, at the distance or less than half a mile is (2) Makatu, directly opposite Kombelau Point, and about the same size as Moro; to the S. of Moro, at the distance of less than a quarter of a mile is (3) Rawalke, which is about half a mile long. N. of Moro is an inconsiderable sandy islet on which is a Mbure or heathen temple. Kombelau Harbour lies between the above three prin-
KOMO, Fi : An island about 6 miles in circumference, 23- SE. of
Lakemba, to which it is subject as one of the Eastern Group of the Fijian Archipelago. It has one town. Christian.
KOMONDRITI, Fi : an Island W. of Kaoo, and in the same reef.
Good anchorage except from NE. winds.
KONAIVO, Fi : A small islet in a reef E. of the Yangasa Islands,
to which refer.
KORKADEN, Sa : (Also written Korkadew.) A synonym
according to Arrowsmith (1844), for Rose Island, which see. KORO, Fi : See Goro.
KOROISOROVI, Fi : A small islet, or hummock, close to Vewa,
in the Bay of Bau. See Vewa.
KOROLEVU, Fi : (also called Korolib.) An islet near Somu
Somu, in Somu Somu Straits, between Taviune, or Vuna, and Vanua Levu. The same possibly as Goat Island, although marked in some maps as a separate island.
KORONI, Fi : An islet a little to the SE. of Mothe, one of the
Eastern Group of the Fijian Archipelago.
KOROTUMA, Fi : An islet in a reef, 25 miles E. of Undu Point,
the north-eastern extremity of Vanua Levu.
KOTOO, T : (Kotu.) One of the south-westerly islets of the
Habai Group, to the NE. of Toongooa.
KOUKOUSOFF I, Pau : (Makemu, Phillips I.) A long lagoon
island. E. of Katiu, and NE. of The Seagull Group. See
KOVU. Fi : See Naikovu.
KRUSENSTERN'S ISLAND, Pau : See Tikehau.
KUKU, Fi : An islet in the reef S. of Malolo, which lies to the
W. of Naviti Levu.
LABYRINTH. Pau : (Irrigen in Dutch) name given Roggewien
in 1722 to L'Archipel Dangereux, of Bougainville-that part of the Paumotus lying immediately W. and NW. of Les Autre Facardins (or Nukutawake), the Lagoon Island of Cook.
LAGOON I, Pau : (Nukutawake, or (according to Beechey) Teay -Les Quartre Facardins of Bougainville) name given to Nuku- tawake by Captain Cook, on his visiting that island during his first voyage, on the 4th April, 1769. See Nukutawake.
LA DECENA, Geo : (Maitia or Matia,-Osnaburg I. of Wallis.)
Name given to Matia by F. de Quiros on its original discovery by him 9th February, 1606. See Matia. LA DOMINICA, Mar : See Dominica.
LAKEMBA, Fi : The largest island in the Eastern Group of the
Fijian Archipelago ;-Chief town, Tumboa, in latitude 18-14-3 S., and longitude 178-45 W.; other towns, Yandrana, Livuka, &c. Christian; the principal Wesleyan Mission Station, of the most Eastern Divisional Circuit in Fiji, in which forty-two native agents are at present (1857) employed, five assistant missionaries, and 37 as catechists. The kingdom of Lakemba- considered to include all the islands of the Eastern Group-was formerly subject to Bau from which the Island of Lakemba lies distant 144 miles E. ¼ S., is now however, with the rest of Eastern Group, more or less under the sovereign control of the King of Tonga, many of whose natural born subjects reside here, and on other islands in this Group. The local king or chief at Lakemba is styled " Tui Naiau," having, for religious reasons, taken his title from a neighbouring island of that name, 15 miles distant to the NW. Kende Kende, the highest hill of Lakemba, is 1714 feet above the sea level. Lakemba is 5 miles long and 3 miles in width; well wooded, hilly, and, very pro- ductive. It has a little port called Dawa, where vessels of 200 tons and under may anchor. There is barely room enough for one vessel to swing in. The entrance being only 50 or 60 yards wide, and a strong current generally setting out, it can only be entered with a commanding breeze the southward of E. LA MAGDALENA, Mar : See Magdalena.
LANDOLEWA, Fi : An islet in Moturiki Passage, regarding
which there is a curious mythological tradition among the Fijians. Landolewa immediately adjoins another islet named Landotangane, to which refer.
LANDOTANGANE, Fi : An islet in the Moturiki Passage, near
Ovalau, which is about 8 miles E. of Naviti Levu. Adjoins another islet named Landolewa.
LANGDON ISLE, Mar : Name which appears on some maps as
for one of the Marquesas Islands, but for which of them is un-
LAPE, T : An islet in the Vavau cluster, near Ovaka and Niua-
babu, to which refer.
L'ARCHIPEL DANGEREUX, Pau : See Archipel Dangereux.
L'ARCHIPEL DE BOURBON, Pau : and Geo : See Archipel de
LA SAGITARIA, Geo : Name (now disused) given by Fernando de Quiros, the great Spanish navigator, to Tahiti, on its
discovery by him on the 10th February, 1606. It was sub- sequently rediscovered by Captain Wallis in 1769. See Tahiti,
King George III.'s Island, Nouvelle Cythere, &c.
LAS ANIMAS, Pau : See Animas. LAS ISLAS DE GALVEZ, T : Name given by Captain Maurelle in
1781 to the Habai Group, subsequent to their discovery by Cap- tain Cook. See Habai. LATE, T : (or Latte). A solitary island 40 miles to the N. of
Tofoa or Tofooa, and about the same distance W. by S. from
the Vavau group. Is an island volcano. A violent eruption took place there in April, 1854. Late was formerly inhabited. LATHIBA ISLET, Fi : An islet in the reef directly S. of Gau ;
to which refer. LAUTHALA, Fi : (or Authala, also written Laueala.) An island
1 mile N. of Nggamea, and 9 miles from Taviune. Lies to the eastward of Vanua Levu.
LAUT-O-FITO, T : (or Lot-ofito.) Properly Luatofito; which
see. LAVOD, Fi : An islet at the SE. entrance of Fawn Harbour, in
Vauna Levu, near Tukoneva.
LARAREFF'S I, Pau : A lagoon island, whose native name is
Mataiwa, to which refer.
LE BOUDOIR, or Le Pic de la Boudeuse, Geo : See Boudoir, &c.,
disused names for Matia, to which refer.
LECALECA, T : An island in the Vavau Group, S. of Taunga. LECALECA, T : (Tetofa of some maps ?) An island in the Habai Group, N. of Oooa.
LEFOOGA, T : (Now written Lifuka.) The principal island of
the Habai Group, the central cluster of the Tongese Archipelago. Its NW. point, according to Erskine, is in latitude 19-45 S., longitude 174-14-30 W. It is low and flat, without any remark-
able features. Contains two or three towns, or rather villages, amongst which are Holobeka, Pongei, &c. Lifuka is exceedingly fertile, and well cultivated. It is the Mua, or principal place in the Habai Group; and lies between Foa on the N.; and Hua- leva on the S. Considering its small size, it may be said to be populous.
LELEUVIA, Fi : (Or Lelewia ) An islet near Thauggalai, W. of
the ship passage leading to Moturiki from Bau, and about 5 miles E. from the coast of Naviti Levu.
L'ENFANT PERDU : See Enfant Perdu. LEONIDAS ISLAND, Fi : A small island a half mile long, form-
ing the north-easterly boundary of Wailes Bay. Lies near NW. extremity of Vanua Levu, to which it is joined by a low sand- bank.
LES QUATRE FACARDINS, Pau : Name given by Bougainville
to Nukutawake, on its discovery by him on 22nd March, 1768.
LEUTI ISLAND, Fi : An Islet at the Southern or most inland ex-
tremity of Charley Harbour, in the Island of Moala.
LEVA ISLET, Fi : An islet at the N. side of Emmons Bay, in the
island of Ya Asaua. East of this islet in the bay, at the distance of three-quarters of a mile, is Asaua Island At the S. entrance of Emmon's Bay is another small islet, of the size of Leva, of which the name is not known. Emmons Bay is 2 miles across, but is not a safe harbour, as it lies much exposed.
LEWA, Fi : An island off the SW. extremity of Biva, to which
LEWIS ISLAND, Fi : A small islet between Totten and Davis
Island, in the Yasawa Group.
LIDEROUS I. Name, or rather synonym, of an island in the Maniiki Group, to the S. of Francis Island. LIFUKA, T : See Lefooga.
LIKU ISLAND, Fi : (Cocoanut I. of some maps?) A small Islet
at SW. end of Neviti Levu.
LINTHICUM, Fi : One of the islets in Underwood's Group.
LION'S HEAD, Sa : A rocky islet between Pyramid Rock and
Pagaitua Bay, in the island or Tutuila.
LITHO, Pau : A doubtful Island (S. of Heeow, near Nganaiti,)
placed by some in latitude 19-34 S., longitude 140-30 W.
LOA, Fi : (Observatory Island of Wilkes) An island near
Oneata, to the E. of it -one of the eastern group of the Fijian Archipelago.
LOA-HOCO, T : One of the northernmost islets of the Habais,
to the NW. of Lifuka. Probably the same as the Luanoka of
LOFANGA, T : An islet W. of Lifuka, and Uiha or Wiha ; one of
the Habai Group or Cluster, near it are several rocks.
LONGAHOO, T : (properly Ludgaho.) An islet near Wiha, one of
the southern islands in the Habai Group.
LORD HOOD'S ISLAND, Pau : (native name Marutea, being the
SE. island of that name.) An island (or rather an assemblage of small islets) rising from a chain of coral almost even with the water's edge. Is 11 miles long, and 4 miles in width, in a N. and S. direction ; lying between Clement de Tonuere island on the NNW., and the Mangareva Group on the SSE. Like all coral islands it contains a lagoon, and is steep on all its sides. Lord Hood's Island was discovered and named by Mr. Wilson, of the missionary ship Duff. It has no permanent inhabitants. LORD HOWE'S ISLAND. See Mopeha and Howe's Island. LOS MARTINES, Pau : See Martines. LOS QUATRO CORONADES, Pau : See Four Crowns.
L'OSTANGE, Pau : (Nengo Nengo, and Prince William Henry I.
of Wallis ) Name given by Captain Duperrey to Nengo Nengo, on its supposed discovery by that celebrated French navigator, in 1823. Originally discovered and named by Wallis. See Nengo Nengo, and Prince William Henry Island.
LOTU, Fi : A small island on the reef near Mandundu. Lies on
the S. coast of Vanua Levu, W. of Rativa Island, and E. of Savu Savu Bay.
LOW ARCHIPELAGO, Pau : A synonym for the Paumotus
Group, to which refer. See also Archipel Dangereux. LUAGAHO, T : See Longahoo. LUALOLI, T : A sandy islet south of Vavau.
LUANOKA, T : (or Looahoca.) One of the Habai Group, near
Lifuka, or Lefooga.
LUATOFITO, T : (Lautofito or Lotofito.) A sandy uninhabited
islet, of no great size, to the southward of Vavau, 10 miles distant from the entrance of Port Refuge. Near this the Ameri- can whaler Sally Ann, was wrecked in April, 1854.
LYNX, I, Vai : (The Speidens I. of Wilkes.) An island SE. of
Gran Cocal, or Sherson's I, at the N. extremity of the Vaitupu
Group. See Speiden's Island. E.R.