VIII.-THE WRECK OF THE ADMELLA.
The report of the Admella Commission having already appeared in our columns, we now pur- pose directing public attention to a few of the principal points involved.
The first is the complete exoneration of Cap- tain McEwan, his officers and crew, from all blame whatever, both as respects the wreck of the vessel, and their conduct after that event.
The evidence perfectly satisfactory to the Commissioners, whose report, so far from imply- ing the slightest censure, represents the conduct of the persons above-named as deserving of the highest commendation. This is exceedingly gratifying to the community, to whom the melancholy catastrophe of the wreck was suffi- ciently afflicting, without the aggravation of knowing that it was caused by negligence, or accompanied by heartlessness or selfishness.
Captain McEwan's evidence was taken at great length. He was examined upon the courses steered by the ship prior to her striking, upon his knowledge of the coast and general nautical experience, and upon the various inci- dents of the wreck and the rescue. The cap- tain had been thirty years in command of various vessels, and had passed and repassed the fatal spot as many as seventy-two times in the Admella. On the last occasion he was steering the same course as he always had steered on former voyages. Captain McEwan himself is unable satisfactorily to account for the posi- tion of the Admella when she touched the reef, but he is inclined to attribute it rather to the action of unusually strong cur- rents than to any deviation of the compasses through magnetic disturbances. Much has been said as to the possible magnetic effect of the copper on board, but Captain McEwan showed that he had before carried a larger quantity of copper without any ascertained derangement of the compasses taking place. Mr. Todd expressed his opinion that the diver- gence of the vessel from her proper course was not to be attributed to the copper; and that gentleman, as likewise Professor Neumeyer, gave evidence to the effect that on the night of the wreck there was nothing peculiar in the mag- netism of the earth or the atmosphere. The Commissioners, after carefully weighing the evidence on this branch of the enquiry, came, therefore, to the conclusion that the wreck must be chiefly attributed to the unusual velocity of currents setting in towards the shore on the night of the disaster. As, however, the vessel had never been " swung " to ascertain the devia- tion of her compasses, the Commissioners were unable to exclude from their report this possible contributory cause of the casualty, and they very properly recommend that in future no iron ship be allowed to trade from Port Adelaide un- less it has been swung in this hemisphere.
It is, however, the ocean currents that are held chiefly accountable for the wreck of the Admella. Of these currents very little precise information exists, although an impression has long obtained that they are subject to much variation, and that the voyage is dangerous in consequence. Captain King, of the P. and O. steamer Bombay, which, it will be recollected, passed within a short distance of the wreck, says that the 70 miles of coast from Lacepede Bay to Cape Northumberland is by far the most dangerous of the whole route from Bombay to Australia via Suez, and including, therefore, the difficult navigation of the Red Sea. The Com- missioners, unable from the evidence of the wit- nesses to pronounce an opinion as to the direc- tion and velocity of the currents, recommend a careful survey of that portion of the coast. But with all deference to the nautical ability of gentle- men on that Commission, we would ask what guarantee is there that the currents are uniform in their direction and speed, and of what value would a survey be under such circumstances ? The gist of the evidence serves to show that on the night of the wreck of the Admella there was something unusual in the currents ; and in all probability the waters would have resumed their ordinary flow at the time when the proposed survey was being carried out. Charts drawn to the observations of such a survey would, there- fore, be mere decoys, leading to destruction vessels trusting to their directions at a time when some exceptional action of the sea was going forward. It would doubtless be useful to institute a series of observations on that part of the coast at different seasons of the year, and by comparing numerous records to establish some general conclusion ; but in the meanwhile, and for a long time to come, it appears to us that the lead is the only real security. It is a well-known fact that a vessel between Cape Jaffa and Cape Northumberland is safe in forty-five fathoms of water ; and commanders of vessels should, therefore, always stand out, especially in darkness or thick weather, as they find the depth diminishing. Captain McEwan says that in his early voyages with the Admella he
repeatedly verified his reckonings by soundings, and found himself always correct ; and that he was eventually induced to lay aside a practice for the continuance of which there seemed no necessity, and which, by conveying to the pas- sengers an idea of doubt, only tended to render them alarmed. Of course, this reasoning was allowable enough, so long as the variable nature and great velocity of the currents were not understood. But the wreck of the Admella in- dicates henceforward a totally different line of procedure. The Bombay, on the night of the wreck of the Admella, had two leadsmen in the chains, and a good look-out aloft ; yet the former
vessel was fifteen miles out of her reckoned
course, and it is probable that the leads alone saved her from destruction. The Admella, according to her reckoning, ought to have been from seventeen to eighteen miles from the land when she struck ; from which circumstance, considering the power and speed of the Admella, some idea may be formed of the terrible force of the unsuspected current.
It is known that several vessels, including the steamers Bombay and Havilah, passed the wreck of the Admella, though not discerning that vessel. In reference to the Bombay, the evidence contains some very extraordinary statements. Several persons on the wreck depose to having seen the red, white, and green lights of the Bombay, also the funnel, and some state that they heard her machinery, and feared she was running upon the reef. Captain King, how- ever, denies the possibility of such being the case, and attributes the report to the excited imaginations of the sufferers. The evidence on this point is very extraordinary, and we shall
therefore make a few extracts.
Captain McEwan, of the Admella, examined–
" Did you see a steamer near the wreck on Saturday?–Yes, on Saturday, about 9 or 10 o'clock. I was not the first who saw her ; a boy sung out, and my attention was called by his singing out, - there are three lights–steamer's lights.' I immediately looked up and saw three lights.
In what direction? — She appeared to be coming head on to us from the northward and westward ; she was coming right down the coast; I saw her lights first, and then her hull.
I lost sight of the green light suddenly, and then, saw only the red and mast-head lights.
On which side did you see the red light?–On the port side; when she came abreast of us I saw her hull, a long black one. I saw the lights in
How far did she seem from you?–I do not think more than half-a-mile.
[Several seamen and passengers by the Admella most distinctly and circumstantially deposed to the same facts.]
The following evidence was tendered by Captain Douglas on the last day of the exa-
B. Douglas, Harbor Master, examined :–
" In the letter received from Captain King, of the Bombay, he states that he believes the coast line between Cape Jaffa and Cape Northum- berland to be incorrectly laid down on the chart; will you inform us whether you have investigated or surveyed that coast?–I have never made a detailed survey of that portion of the coast ; but, from the general accuracy of all Flinders' surveys, I consider the coast is sur- veyed sufficiently correctly for all ordinary pur- poses of navigation ; and I do not think it pos- sible the position of the Bombay can at all be attributed to the trifling inaccuracy in the coast- line. I believe the headlands are correctly laid down ; and that all that is required for a chart has been done, excepting the more careful deli- neation of the coast-line ; and observations should be made to determine, if possible, the velocity of the currents and indraught, or if any extraordinary deviation affects ships' compasses on that part of the coast.
Do you imagine that vessel was thrown out of her estimated position more by currents than any other cause ?–Yes. I would also remark that I consider it quite impossible that any master of a ship visiting the coast for the first
time can ascertain by the cursory examination which he would be enabled to make, considering the distance he would be off the land, whether the chart were correct or otherwise.
Did not Captain Lipson make some alteration in the coast line from the delineation given by Flinders?–The existing Admiralty Chart, of which I presume the Commander of the Bombay had a copy, was made from a survey in 1802 ; but additions have been made by more recent
navigators, amongst whom is Captain Lipson, who, as late as 1852 or 1853, examined Cape Jaffa, and it is at present laid down on that chart according to the position assigned to it by him ; but no alteration has been made in the positions
of the headlands or coast line.
By Captain McEwan–Do you think the same causes acted on the Bombay and the Admella, in driving them from their estimated positions ? –Taking the course given by captain of Bombay and that given by yourself, I find on examining the chart that the courses actually made by the two vessels are parallel ; that is to say, the given course of Bombay is parallel to your given course, and likewise the actual courses made.
Have you ascertained how far the Admella ought to have been off the land when she struck ? –Seventeen or eighteen miles.
How far do you think the Bombay was off the wreck, from the bearings Captain King gives of the light when first sighted?–About two
And how far ought he to have been off by the courses he steered?–Fifteen or sixteen miles. The Bombay seems to have been affected more than your vessel, as he had an opportunity of fixing his position by passing close to Cape Jaffa, and thus was set in in a run of only seventy
"We take this evidence, in connection with what preceded, at being perfectly conclusive, and are of opinion that the Bombay had a very narrow escape from destruction. The same currents that carried away the Admella carried away, and even with greater relative velocity, the larger ship, and this despite the extraordinary precautions made use of by Captain King. Our space has been already too far exceeded to permit of further quotation or further comment ; but we think the immediate cause of the des- truction of one fine vessel, and of the hair- breadth escape of another cannot be too widely published. To the leads, and to the leads especially, must navigators henceforward trust when passing through those treacherous waters. Apart from soundings there is no safety, but with careful reckonings corrected by soundings
there is no danger.
We now give a few selections bearing upon the conduct of Captain McEwan, and explanations of the means adopted for the preservation and comfort of the various persons under his charge. We begin with the attempt made to bring over to the poop of the steamer the unfortunate sufferers on the bows of the vessel at the time she parted.
Captain McEwan, examined by the Chair-
" Did you attempt to remove the persons from the fore to the after part of the vessel ?–Not until Sunday ; for, in attempting to save the mizen boom, I fell overboard, and was some time in the water, which so exhausted me that I was quite prostrated for that day; the only clothes I had on were a pair of thin trousers and a flannel waistcoat ; the weather was very cold. I considered the people on the fore-part of the vessel were as safe as those on the after part ; they wanted, however, so much to get over to us, that I went myself aloft with a line (the risk being too great, I considered, to order any man to go) to throw to the fore-part of the vessel, with a view of establishing a communication. The rope I took, was a two-inch Manila ; there was plenty of line. I was too weak when I got aloft to throw the line ; the gaff was then swinging about, and they asked me to go out on it and get hold of the signal haulyards, being a smaller rope ; this I declined doing, as I had not suffi- cient strength to hold on in such a position. I made two efforts to throw the line to them from aloft ; I then gave it up. Leach, a powerful young man, then succeeded in going on the gaff, and got hold of the signal haulyards, with which
we established a communication with the fore
part of the vessel ; and, by means of the rope, we got about 20 off. Some were drowned in coming across ; some women and children were left, and were subsequently drowned. This was on Sun- day, the 7th, about noon. On Saturday, the risk of life was so great that I did not consider myself warranted to give orders to any of my men to incur almost certain death by attempting to establish communication with the shore, until the Second Mate, Johnson, came to me, and stated that, if I could get one of the ship's life- buoys which one of the passengers had in his possession, he would attempt to swim on shore.
I procured the lifebuoy for him, and fastened it to Mr. Johnson, the Second Mate. I then went aloft, to discover if any part of the beach ap- peared smoother than another, for him to land on. Thinking I had discovered one, I came down to point it out to him. He then jumped overboard, and made towards the shore, to the place directed ; but we lost sight of him at the edge of the Breakers in the surf on the beach. On Saturday, at daylight, the port lifeboat washed away with her davits, floating bottom up. One of the crew swam to her with a line, when she was about 20 or 30 fathoms from the stern of the vessel, to endeavor to make it fast to her, in order that we might save the boat ; one of the bends of the line, which was fully short, however slipped. The man got on the boat, which kept in sight until dark. The surf on the shore was very heavy, in which I suppose the man was drowned ; the boat subsequently went on shore. We passed Satur- day night in great suffering, the water washing
over us when on deck."
Captain McEwan was afterwards examined as to the means adopted for opening up communi- cation with the shore. The substance of his
replies is that he offered every assistance and encouragement to the men to induce them to make a raft, but that he did not issue any posi- tive orders on the subject, as he regarded the service by far too perilous to assign peremptorily to any one. All efforts made to reach the shore were therefore purely voluntary.
We now make an extract or two in reference to the distribution of food, and the general dis- cipline observed on the wreck. We still quote from Captain McEwan's evidence .
"What food had you on Saturday?–On Saturday, the day of the wreck, we had a small piece of mutton, a piece of ham, and a small piece of beef; these were brought direct to me by one of the men ; we had no bread. Knowing we should be without water, I ordered the ham to be hung in the mizen rigging, so that it would be under my own eye, in order that I might pre- vent any one eating it, which I considered would have increased their thirst. We had no water, nor did I see any one who had any whilst on the wreck. I served a small piece–less than an ounce I should think–of mutton to each person; some were too distant for me to hand it myself, some of the officers passed it them. Some of the people said, Captain, why don't you take some yourself? but a boy who is in Portland, crying out for more food, I gave my share to him. This was served out in the morning ; in the evening I served out a portion of the beef. We had no beer on Saturday, or any other fluid. The beef was all served out in the even-
ing ; I never allowed the ham to be touched."
The Captain's evidence with respect to what took place on Sunday is very interesting :
" How many people remained on the wreck on Sunday?–I did not count them; I think about 60 or 70. I have given the smallest number. On Sunday there was a small piece of beef served out. The ham was still there till the people came over from the fore part of the wreck. I think it was the second engineer snatched the ham, as he came on board. I did not see it again ; I think he took it below. I think he must have eaten the greater part of it. He was a very strong and powerful man ; and I attribute his
dying so soon to his eating the ham, having no
Did you find any wine or spirits ? – I think they got four or five bottles of porter on Sunday ; this was brought to me.
Who procured that porter?–Some of the
Did they keep any of it ?–No ; everything was brought direct to me. They were all obedient to the last day we were on the wreck. I had no means of extracting the cork, and struck off the heads with a small knife. I got a cup and served it out myself, to the cabin passengers first. Every one had a little ; about a small quarter of a cup. I passed a bottle to Mr.
Rochfort, who assisted me in serving it out. I am not in the habit of drinking beer ; I did not care for it. I did not wish to take any, being a teetotaller. The next serving out was on the same day ; a small drop of porter again. I was assisted by Mr. Rochfort. It was some hours after, a considerable time since the first serving out. All the porter was gone on Sunday night. There were only four or five bottles. We had nothing else on Sunday. Nothing else took place till Sunday night ; then some of the pas- sengers and people went down into the cabin, but I did not miss them. During the night the surf came on very heavily ; it was likely to wash us off altogether. I slid down to the companion to see if I could get a better hold. Thinking I
should find some shelter in the cabin, and that, in the event of her breaking up, we should be as safe there as on deck, I went below, and, to my astonishment, found my cabin perfectly full. I do not know the time, but it was during Sunday night. We were all below on Sunday night. Some one said " Here is the Captain," and lifted me in. I was very weak the whole time I was on the wreck, and could hardly move, having been so exhausted in my endeavors to save the mizen-boom. I remained in the cabin till Tues-
On Monday all remained below ; and on that day a large quantity of brandy was found. " There became a cry for it," and Captain McEwan, to appease the people, agreed to save four cases. The rest was allowed to wash away. We now quote from the Captain's evidence :
' Was there anything done with the brandy ? — As soon as they brought the brandy to me they wanted one of the cases opened. The case was opened, and one bottle taken out ; it was then closed again, and laid beside me. They then brought me a half-gill measure, and a bottle of preserved currants, and a bottle of dessicated milk. I mixed part of the brandy, the fruit, and milk in a jug. I knew that we were all then in great want, and that a little would have great effect. I was at a loss to know how to serve it out. I was afraid of putting the wine-glass down. I intended at first to have given each a wineglassful ; but, fearing it might be too much, I took a glass cup from my shav- ing-box, which, from being made of thick glass, looked large. I measured from the wineglass into this cup, and found it hold about a third of a glass. I then put the wineglass away, and served out to each a measure of the brandy, fruit, and dessicated milk. I do not think it held three large thimblefulls. I served out as far as I could reach, and then passed it to some one else, who was to take good care to serve it equally; and this was strictly and strikingly attended to. A short time after this, they ob- tained four more bottles of porter out of the lockers, which were brought to me, except one, which one of the steerage passengers snatched, saying 'he would have that bottle, right or wrong.' I ordered that the bottle should be brought to me. He would not give it up ; but the others insisted, and it was taken from him with a good deal of trouble. I do not know his name. I never saw the man. He was a steerage pas- senger. Such was the order kept that, as he had insulted me, he was put in a corner by the rest, and served the last with anything we had.
Was that man saved ? — I do not know. I was
afraid of letting the brandy out of my sight. I thought of sending a case to the mast-head, so that, if driven up again on deck, we should have something left. Throughout Monday night, they were served from the one bottle of brandy,
with the fruit and milk."
As our present object is not to give a narra- tive of the wreck, but merely to place before the public such portions of the evidence as bear upon the conduct of Captain McEwan, we shall not attempt to follow him in his descriptions of each day's transactions. The foregoing will sufficiently explain the rule of action by which he was guided ; and it is but right to add that the Captain's own version of his conduct in this respect, is fully corroborated by the testimony of several witnesses–seamen and passengers. They all depose to the fact that the provisions were shared fairly, and that the Captain freely distri- buted his own clothing amongst the most neces- sitous, reserving to himself only one pair of thin
trousers and a flannel shirt. We mention these circumstances as an act of justice to Captain McEwan, the testimony to whose humanity in this respect ought not to lie buried in an official document. Mr. McNair, in his evidence says, that the Captain manifested much more anxiety for the passengers and crew than he did for himself, and the testimony of other witnesses
is to the same effect.
We regret that our space precludes further quotation or description, but what we have said will pretty clearly indicate the deep interest that has attached to this most mournful event.
ADMELLA RELIEF FUND.
A meeting of the Aggregate Committee of the Admella Shipwreck Reward and Relief Fund was held on Monday, at the Speaker's Room, House of Assembly.
Present — G. S. Kingston Esq, (in the chair), the Lord Bishop of Adelaide, Rev. Messrs. Butters, Cox, Gardner, Haining, Lyall, Smyth, Woods, Woodcock, Major O'Halloran, Captain O'Halloran, Messrs. N. Blyth, J. B. Carlin, B. Douglas, Davies, S. Davenport, E. McEllister, F. H. Faulding, E. B. W. Glandfield, Wm. Giles, J. C Lyon, John Morphett, D. Power, and Shawyer.
The minutes of the last meeting of the Aggregate Com-
mittee were read and confirmed.
The following report of the Sub-Committee, together with the financial statement appended thereto, were read by the Secretary : -
"Report of the Sub-Committee of the Admella Shipwreck
Reward and Relief Fund.
'The Sub-Committee appointed at a meeting held on the 24th of September, to make the necessary arrangements for collecting funds in aid of the objects of the Committee, ' to make enquiries into cases of pecuniary distress arising from the wreck, to investigate any claim that may be made from time to time for assistance, and to take steps to ascertain the names of all parties who have been in any way employed in sending assistance to the sufferers,' have to report that in accordance with the intentions of the Committee, they took immediate steps to obtain subscriptions throughout the colony, and that their appeal has been universally met by a liberality which exemplifies in a most gratifying manner the wide spread sympathy which was felt for the sufferers by the wreck, and the general desire which pervades all classes to reward in a suitable manner the gallant fellows who were engaged in rescuing the survivors from a watery grave.
"The total subscriptions collected up to the present date in the South Australian territory, amounts to £3,327. 11s. 9d : making, with subscriptions in the Darling, Murray, in New South Wales, £25. 5s. ; and remittances from Melbourne for special purposes, £450. ; total, £3,802. 16s. 9d.
" For the information and guidance of the aggregate Com- mittee, the Sub Committee have got printed in a succinct form, the whole of the information obtained upon the various points to which their enquiries were directed. Each mem- ber of the Committee has been furnished with a copy of this document, and any further reference here to its contents is therefore deemed unnecessary.
" Some delay has unavoidably arisen in bringing up this Report, from the necessity which existed to ascertain in what manner the Melbourne Committee had determined to distribute the funds collected by them. This information has prevented what might have appeared some degree of injus- tice in apportioning the aggregate funds, and enabled the Sub-Committee in their recommendations to equalise the funds for rewards and relief with due regard to the relative merits and wants of each case. A reference to the printed document before alluded to, will shew that the Sub-Com- mittee did not feel called upon to recommend any gratuities to the crews of the various steamers, who they apprehend were only present in the discharge of their ordinary duties, and incurred only such risks as were incident to their daily avocations. By a telegram received on Saturday last from Melbourne, it appears that the Committee there have taken a somewhat similar view, inasmuch as by the final decision of the aggregate Committee, they have not confirmed the grant- ing of rewards to the crew of the Ladybird as at first proposed. It will be seen that £200 had been remitted from the Melbourne Committee here for distribution amongst the crews of the Ant and Corio. Consistently with the views they have enunciated upon the subject, the Sub-Committee feel great difficulty in knowing how to apportion the amount, and therefore suggest that the matter should be referred back to the Melbourne Committee for their instructions as to how the sum shall be divided.
" In apportioning the funds, the Sub-Committee resolved to divide them as nearly as may be in three parts, two of which should be devoted to rewarding all those who risked their lives in their endeavors to save the shipwrecked crew and passengers, and one-third in assisting those who, by the loss of relatives or by their personal sufferings, needed imme- diate assistance and support. Considerable difference of opinion existed amongst the members of the Sub-Committee as to how far they were restricted by the resolution of the general meeting held in the Exchange from giving assistance to others than those who were in reality by the catastrophe deprived of their natural means of support. A majority
were in favor of a liberal construction of the resolu- tion; and as the result of their deliberations have decided to recommend that assistance should be given to relatives who in some cases were not entirely dependant on, and had only received occasional assistance from the deceased. For minute details upon these points the Sub-Committee refer to the printed paper, pages 5 and 6.
" It will be seen that the Sub-Committee have recommended that 33 silver medals shall be granted to parties named on the list ; a majority have already received medals from the Melbourne Committee, but your Sub-Committee are of opinion that a local medal will be highly prized by many of the parties to whom it is proposed to send them.
"The Sub-Committee beg to append a financial statement showing the total amount received, the estimated expenses, and the balance available for apportionment by the Adelaide Committee for reward and relief.
"G. S. KINGSTON, Chairman." FINANCIAL STATEMENT-December, 5,1859. Total amount of subscriptions, including remit-
tances from Melbourne ... ~ £3,802 16 9
Less local expenses
Mount Barker ..
... £0 12 6 Yankalilla
0 1 6
Gawler Town ..
2 2 6
7 10 0
42 0 9 Port Adelaide
3 17 6
56 4 9
£3,746 12 0 Deduct
Sundry payments to this date, in
postage and petty expenses. .. £14 17 3
Printing. 8 8 0
23 5 3
£3,723 6 9 Estimated expenses to be paid, viz.
Register account, to this date ... £100 6 6
Advertiser do, do. 80 2 0 German do., do. . 2 13 6 Printing and stationery .. 20 0 0
Secretary.. 75 0 0 Probable extras. 10 10 0
288 12 0...£3,434 14 9
Less special subscriptions, for -
Mrs. Harris ..£251 0 0
John Leach .. 52 12 6 Robert Knapman. . 52 12 6
Miss Ledwith.. 4 17 6 Crew of Corio.. 100 0 0 Crew of Ant . 100 0 0
561 2 6
Leaving the sum of.£2,873 12 3 available for rewards and relief by the Adelaide
Proposed grants for rewards and reliefs, as per
printed statement.2,795 0 0
Balance -surplus . £78 12 3
The statements printed for the exclusive use of the Ade- laide Committee contain nothing in reference to the sad catastrophe which has not already been published in this journal. We subjoin the list of rescuers and persons who assisted it the wreck and prices awarded them. (The prefix
Mel. implies the award by the Melbourne Committee, and Ad.
the award by the Adelaide Committee) :-
Sailors on Raft from Wreck
John Leach, sailor on raft, Mel., silver medal and £50. ;
Ad., £140 and medal.
Robert Knapman, sailor on raft, Mel, silver medal and £50 ;
Ad., £140. and medal.
James Fawthrop, Captain, first and second attempt. Mel., gold medal and £100; Ad., £30. and medal.
William Rosevear, coxswain, first and second attempt, Mel., silver medal and £50; Ad., £20. and medal.
Abbott Carey, oarsman, first and second attempt, cut on thigh. Mel., silver medal and £25; Ad., £20. and medal.
Charles Patterson, oarsman, first and second attempt, Mel., silver medal and £25 ; Ad, £20. and medal.
Philip Francis, oarsman, first and second attempt, Mel., silver medal and £25; Ad., £20. and medal.
William Kirken, oarsman, first and second attempt, Mel., silver medal and £25 ; Ad , £20. and medal.
Thomas Ward, oarsman, first attempt, injured on both hands, Mel, silver medal and £12 10s ; Ad , £20. and medal
James Dumond, oarsman, first attempt, Mel, silver medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10, and medal.
Hugh Macdonald, oarsman, first attempt, Mel., silver
medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
James Kean, oarsman, first attempt, Mel., silver medal
and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
William Grey, oarsman, first attempt, Mel., silver medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
John Oustney, oarsman, first attempt, Mel., silver medal and £12 10s ; Ad. , £10. and medal.
William Booth, oarsman, first attempt. Mel., silver medal
and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
Volunteers from the Ladybird
George Edwards, oarsman, second attempt, Mel., silver
medal and £12 10s ; Ad, £10. and medal.
John T. Johnston, volunteer with rockets, first attempt, wounded, Mel., silver medal and £50 ; Ad., £50. and medal
William Melrose, oarsman, second attempt, Mel, silver
medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
Thomas Tweedale, oarsman, second attempt, first on wreck, Mel, silver medal and £25 ; Ad., £10. and medal.
William Wright, oarsman, second attempt, Mel, silver
medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
John Morgan, oarsman, second attempt, Mel, silver medal
and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
George Scoffall, oarsman, second attempt, Mel, Silver
medal and £12 10s ; Ad., £10. and medal.
James Cambray, headsman, sent voluntarily by the owners of the Whaling Establishment, Portland, which assisted to tow the lifeboat, Mel, silver medal and £25 ; Ad., £10.
William King, oarsman, Mel, silver medal and £12 10s;
John Spiers, oarsman, Mel., silver medal and £12 10s ;
John Morgan, oarsman, Mel, silver medal and £12 10s ;
Ad. (see above).
Ladybird's crew ; exclusive of volunteers in lifeboat– Peter Greig, captain, Mel, gold medal and £100. William Lucas, 1st mate, Mel, £20. Peter Nelson, 2nd mate. Mel, £10.
John M. Chesney, 1st engineer, Mel, £20. Amos Bowman, 2nd engineer, Mel, £10. George Hay, seaman, Mel., £5.
Robert Slatter, seaman. Mel, £5.
William Robertson, seaman, Mel, £5. Charles T. Cullens, seaman. Mel, £5. James McIvor, seaman, Mel, £12 10s James Cape, fireman. Mel, £5. John Hunt, fireman, Mel, £5.
Henry Collett, fireman, Mel, £5.
Daniel McVicor, fireman, Mel, £5.
Michael Everett, coal-trimmer. Mel. £5. John Barnett, coal-trimmer, Mel, £5. George Osborne, cook. Mel, £5.
Henry Johnstone, fore-cabin steward. Mel, £5.
Henry McIver, cabin boy (who volunteered to swim to wreck). Mel, £20 ; Ad., silver medal.
B. Germein, coxswain, Mel, gold medal and £100. ; Ad.
£100 and medal.
Charles Allmack, oarsman, now in or near Adelaide, has received £10. ; Mel, silver medal and £25. ; Ad., £50 and
Henry Smith, oarsman, D. Power, Mount Gambier, Mel., silver med £25. ; Ad., £50 and medal
William Maben, oarsman, Mount Schank Station, Mel., silver medal and £25. ; Ad., £50 and medal.
Henry Wylie, oarsman, Mount Schank station, Mel silver medal and £25. ; Ad., £50, and medal.
Thomas Anderson, oarsman, Mount Schank station, Mel, silver medal and £25 ; Ad., £50. and medal
William Baker, oarsman. Captain Ellis's station, suffering from injuries received, but is better, Mel, silver medal and
£25 ; Ad., £50. and medal
Demetrius Donnell, fisherman, Guichen Bay, Mel., silver medal and £50 ; Ad., £25. and medal
Fergus Fullarton, fisherman, Guichen Bay stated in Mel. report to be Peter Donnell, Mel, silver medal and £50; Ad.,
Soren Holm : he lost his life in endeavouring to secure the ship's life boat, as particularly mentioned in the narrative. To his parents or any relation has been awarded, Mel., £50.
Adelaide Pilot Boat
Lewis Thomas, coxswain. Ad., £140. Peter Smith, oarsman, Ad., £70.
W. Thomas, oarsman, Ad., £50.
George Fowles, oarsman, Ad, £50. W. Marshall, oarsman, Ad. £50. John Penny, volunteer, Ad., £50.
Master and Crew of the Ant steamer
B. P. Snewen, master; George Duncannon, mate, since deceased ; E. Willcox, engineer ; F. Hodges, steward ; J. Tizzard, cook; J. Richardson, A. B ; R. Hayes, do. ; R Mains, do. , J. Noble, do. ; P. Livingston, do ; W. Johnson, do.; C. Rackham, volunteer from Guichen Bay; J. Finch, do ; Francis Ray, do., S. Hurghes, fireman ; D. Gordon, do. ;
Officers and Crew of the Corio
Hugh Quinn, Mr. George Coleman, Mr. William Wells, Edwin Bottrill, John Wicketts, Benjamin Coleman, Andrew Storey, John Davis, George Halsey, Charles Dorton, Louis Eugene-alias Thomas, Mel, 100l.
Robert Stewart, rendered great assistance on shore at time of wreck, recommended by B. Germein and D. Power for
reward. Ad., £5.
Mortimer Burman, now in Adelaide, ditto, also rendered great assistance in repairing Admella's boat. Ad., £5.
John Flett, sailor, volunteer from Guichen Bay, rendered assistance on shore, and volunteered to proceed in boats, but his services not required, Ad., £5.
William McDonald, ditto, Ad., £5. Daniel Davey, ditto, Ad., £5. James Smith, ditto, Ad., £5. Jomes Gibson, ditto, Ad., £5.
The following gentlemen and Government employees, who assisted on the occasion, have received special letters of thanks from the Melbourne Committee, viz. :
J. C. Lyon, Esq., Police Magistrate at Mount Gambier, who zealously superintended the movements of the shore parties on the beach.
David Power, Esq., who ably assisted the above-named gentleman in his arduous duties.
John Livingstone, Esq., a settler in the neighbourhood of Mount Gambier, who rendered valuable assistance by fur- nishing stores, provisions, &c, to the shore parties gra-
George Ormerod, Esq., of Robe Town, who took an active part in sending the Ant steamer, and assisting in equipping the crew for the attempt.
Messrs. Storey (Mount Gambier), Scurvell (Mount Schank), and Messrs. Crouch, Mitchell, Davenport, and Dr. Webb, of Portland, who rendered valuable assistance on shore.
Messrs. Woods, Wilson, and E. H. Derrington, of the Tele- graph Department, Mount Gambier Station, who remained at their posts with unremitting attention, day and night, during the anxious week of the catastrophe.
Inspector Scott, of the Mounted Police, and Trooper Dann, and Budd, who performed more than their duties with
In addition to the foregoing, the following gentlemen are stated to have rendered great assistance in their several capa- cities before and after the rescue of the survivors :
Mr. Peter Black, Mount Gambier; Mr. McIntyre, Mount Gambier ; Dr. Wehl, Mount Gambier ; Rev. Mr. Don, Mount Gambier; Mr. H. D. Melville, Guichen Bay; Dr. Macdonald, Portland, and Dr. Brewer, Portland.
List of persons by whom, or on whose behalf, claims have
been made on the Adelaide Committee of the "Admella" Reward and Relief Fund.
Allmack, Charles, now in Adelaide, volunteer in Admella lifeboat, Mel, silver medal and £25 ; Ad., see above.
Burman, Mortimer, now in Kensington, carpenter, ren- dered great services on shore at time of wreck, especially in repairing Admella's lifeboat, strongly recommended by Mr. Germain and Mr. D. Power ; Ad , see above.
Bowie, Mr., lost wife, daughter, and four grandchildren on board, whose outfit, including property in their pos- session, amounted to about £200. Strongly recommended by the Rev. Mr. Gardner ; Ad., nil.
Bennett, Samuel, Kapunda, on behalf of the mother of Henry Grosse, who was drowned on board the Admella. This case is strongly recommended by the Rev. W. Oldham, and by the Local Committee, at Kapunda. The mother is resident in Cornwall and is said to have been solely depen- dent on her son for support; Ad., £20.
Davies, Mrs., Lefevre's Peninsula, widow of the late Mr. A. B. Davies, formerly Landing Waiter at Port Adelaide, drowned on board the Admella; has two children, 8 and 10 years old, without any resources or friends to help her what- ever. Strongly recommended by Rev. Mr. Cox, from per- sonal enquiries ; also, by Messrs. E K. Horn, J. Milliard, J. C. Hawker, and Captain Douglas; Ad., £290.
Duckering, Robinson, now at Port Adelaide, lamplighter on board of Admella. States loss on board of Admella, in
clothes and money, to be £32, Ad., £40
Davy, Thomas, now at Port Adelaide, seaman on board of Admella, Ad., £40.
Dyer, Mrs. Brown-street, Adelaide, left with three children, wholly destitute, and in bad health, Ad., £200.
Foster, John and Mary, Marryatville, parents of George Foster. who, with his wife, was drowned on board the Admella, each 72 years of age, said to have been entirely de- pendent on their son ; without means of support. Strongly recommended by the Rev. H. Cheetham and Mr. T. B.
French. Mrs., formerly of Alberton, now of Port Adelaide, widow of Alfred French, who perished in the Admella ; has one child, her friends totally unable to assist her; but for some assistance from the Lodge to which her husband belonged would be wholly destitute. Recommended by the Rev. Mr. Marryat, Captain Douglas, and Mr. Vautin,
Harris, Mrs., Port Adelaide, widow of Captain Harris, lost in the Admella, and has now four children, £250. re- mitted by the Melbourne Committee for investment by the Adelaide Committee on behalf of Mrs. Harris and family. Special subscriptions received for Mrs. Harris, £1., Mel. £250 ;
Hermann, Mrs., Ballarat, widow of Anton Hermann, baker, lost on board the Admella. Said to be in destitute circumstances, Mel., £100.
Hutchinson, James, now at Port Adelaide, Chief Officer of Admella. Says, "Had all he possessed on board the ship, £50 in money, quadrant, charts, and clothing, worth about £70 ; in all £120," Ad., £80.
Leach, John, now at Port Adelaide, seaman of Admella: one of the seamen who landed on the raft. .Special sub- scriptions received for him £52. 12s. 6d., Mel., silver medal and £50; Ad., see above.
Knapman, Robert, ditto, £52. 12s. 6d, Mel., silver medal and £50; Ad., see above
Hill, George, now at Port Adelaide, fore-cabin steward, states his loss to be, £11 in money, £22. 18s. in stores, and clothes to the value of £20: £53. 18s., Ad., £40.
Ledwith, Mrs. Morphett Vale, mother of Miss Ledwith. the only female survivor of the wreck. Miss Ledwith has received £50. from the Melbourne Committee. Special sub-
scriptions have been received for her here amounting to £4 17s. 6d. The case of Mrs. Ledwith is strongly recom- mended by the Rev. Mr. Snell, Dr. Myles, and Mr. Alexander
Anderson, Ad., £20.
Mensforth, Mrs., Adelaide, mother of Thomas Menforth, who was drowned on board the Admella; said to be a widow in distressed circumstances, with three daughters dependent on her, relied generally upon her son for payment of her rent, and for other assistance. Strongly recommended by numerous parties, as per testimonial, Ad., £5.
Mensforth, Mrs., widow of the above, left with one child,
O'Brien, Patrick, Adelaide, father of John O'Brien, who was drowned on board the Admella ; has a wife whose health has been greatly injured by the loss of her son, and three children under 14 years of age. Outfit of son cost £18. to £20. States also that his circumstances have been greatly deranged by the catastrophe, Ad., nil.
O'Halloran, Thomas, now at Port Adelaide, passenger per Admella ; states he lost clothes, and £19 on board, Ad., £40.
Nugent, Doctor, and family, North Adelaide, parents of Miss Nugent, who died on board the Admella. Recommended for the consideration of the Committee by the Rev. Mr.
Woodcock, Ad., £25.
Paul, Mrs., North Adelaide, mother of Eliza Paul, who died in the Admella, Ad., £10.
Short, Henry, now in Melbourne, lost his wife and four children, and a large quantity of furniture on board the Admella, Mel., £50.; Ad., £5.
Peters, David, now in Adelaide, fireman on Admella, values effects lost at £43, Ad., £40.
Rosewall, Ann, Kapunda, mother of William Rosewall, who died on board the Admella; states she is old and infirm, and that the deceased was her chief support. Strongly recommended by the Rev. Mr. Oldham, and the local Com- mittee at Kapunda, Ad., £20.
Webb, John, Port Adelaide, seaman per Admella, states his losses on board the Admella to have been £27. odd. Ad.,
Ward, George, Port Adelaide, cabin boy per Admella, lost £1 12s., and all his clothes, valued at -, Ad., £30
Webb, Mrs., North Adelaide, mother of Allan Webb, drowned in attempts to reach the shore on a horse box from the Admella. The deceased when in Adelaide handed all his
wages to his mother, which, mainly contributed towards the maintenance of the family. She obtains her livelihood by
needlework, Ad., £25.
Watkins, Thomas, Marryatville, lost his son, George Wat-
kins ; daughter. Emma Forster; also, his son-in law, George Foster ; and grandchild, H. W. Williamson, on board the Admella. In consequence of these bereavements, and of very great age (69), and past work, humbly requests the favorable consideration of the Committee, Ad., £15.
In addition to those in the foregoing list who have received assistance from the Melbourne Committee, the following have had awarded them there the sums placed against their respective names, but have made no application for relief from the Committee in Adelaide, viz. :-
Mrs. Jackson, the wife of a passenger who was lost with a large sum of money in bank notes on his person, £100.
Miss Ledwith, the only female survivor, £50.
Hugh McInnes, ship carpenter, passenger per Admella,
E. Underwood, master mariner, father of a lad who was lost on board, and who was entrusted with his nautical in- struments, £25.
Charles Lock, a seaman, survivor of the wreck, £25.
John McDermott, second cook, survivor of the wreck, £20. W. A. Ramsay, mechanic, who lost his wife, and plenty of
Upon the reading of the above, it was moved by THE LORD BISHOP of Adelaide, seconded by JOHN MORPHETT, Esq., and unanimously resolved,
"That the report of the Sub-Committee be received and
Several letters were read from persons on behalf of claim- ants for relief from the funds at the disposal of the Com-
mittee, whereupon it was moved by The LORD BISHOP of Adelaide, seconded by Mr. MORPHETT–
"That the claims made upon the Committee which remain to be adjusted, be referred back to the Sub-Committee to be considered and reported upon at a future meeting of
the aggregate Committee.
It was further resolved, " That the following gentlemen, viz.. Captain Douglas, Rev. Mr. Marryatt, Dr. Duncan, and T. C. Hawker, Esq., be appointed a Sub-Committee to con- sult with the parties interested, and to decide upon the mode of investment of the monies agreed to be appropriated for the benefit of Mrs. Harris, Mrs. Davies, and Mrs. French." And also, "That Messrs. G. S. Kingston, E. B. W. Gland- field, and N. Blyth, be in like manner appointed a Sub-Com- mittee to decide upon the mode of payment or investment of monies agreed to be appropriated for the benefit of Mrs. Mensforth and Mrs. Dyer."
The CHAIRMAN having called attention to the proposed award of medals to certain parties named in the printed list, the Secretary was directed to offer a reward of £5 5s, for the best design appropriate for the purpose.
Thanks were then voted to the Sub-Committee, and also to the Chairman, and the meeting adjourned.