1. List: Newcastle Industrial School
    Newcastle Industrial School thumbnail image
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    The Newcastle Industrial School and Newcastle Reformatory were separate schools established in Newcastle, NSW, after the passing of the Act for the Relief of Destitute Children in 1866. The Industrial School admitted girls between 31 August 1867, and April 1871. The Newcastle Reformatory admitted girls from January 1869. Both schools transferred to Biloela in May 1871. Those girls not apprenticed or returned to their families before 25 May 1871, were transferred to Cockatoo Island. In 1887 Biloela Industrial School was moved to Parramatta. About half the girls admitted to Newcastle and about half came from across NSW. Almost all the girls admitted were born in NSW and a very large number were children of convicts. About half the girls were born before 1856 and because they were not baptised as babies, do not appear on the NSW BDM index until they married or died.

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    created by: spison on 2010-07-14 11:28:23.0
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  1. Web page: The Newcastle Industrial School for Girls
    http://nis.wikidot.com/
    Web page
    Note

    2016-12-06 10:43:00.0

    This is a wiki intended to make freely available my research and understandings of the Industrial School and Reformatory at Newcastle. As a result of this research I made the discovery that some records relating to children arrested under the act had not survived. State records have been made aware of these gaps in the records. The names of missing inmates are compiled on this site under either the Inmates tab, the Biloela tab or the Vernon tab. The site is continually updated. I welcome any interested person - especially descendants - to view the site and contribute about the families of these fascinating but elusive survivors.

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  2. Web page: Find and Connect
    http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/nsw/biogs/NE01070b.htm
    Web page
    Note

    2016-12-06 10:44:21.0

    This government website assists in reuniting families by identifying the resources available and their location for state run and private institutions for children. It also outlines a timeline of the industrial schools for girls in NSW with links.

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  3. Web page: "Rescuing the rising generation" : industrial schools in New South Wales, 1850-1910 / G. Scrivener
    http://researchdirect.uws.edu.au/islandora/object/uws:376
    Web page
    Note

    2016-12-06 10:45:17.0

    This excellent thesis will help provide an understanding of industrial schools in NSW - especially Newcastle and what happened there. The article is online and is viewable with conditions.

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  4. Children of the back lanes : destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales
    Ramsland, John, 1942-
    [ Book : 1985-1986 ]
    At 62 libraries
    Children of the back lanes : destitute and neglected children in colonial New South Wales
    Note

    2016-12-06 10:46:38.0

    A publication looking at the decisions made by the NSW Government in order to assist the sons and daughters of the poor and families who lived 'on the edge'. Boys were sent to the sail training ship the Vernon moored at Cockatoo Island, Sydney Harbour.

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  5. Newcastle Industrial School Building
    Jane
    [ Photograph : 2012 ]
    View online
    At Flickr
    Newcastle Industrial School Building
    Note

    2016-01-11 09:50:53.0

    The Industrial School building was built as the Soldiers' Barracks in the Newcastle Government Domain.

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  6. Barracks with Christ Church in the distance, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820 / Edward Close
    Close, E. C. (Edward Charles), 1790-1866
    [ Art work : 1820 ]
    Languages: No linguistic content
    View online
    At National Library
    Barracks with Christ Church in the distance, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820 / Edward Close
    Note

    2016-12-06 10:49:08.0

    The Industrial School and Newcastle Reformatory were established in the "Old Military Barracks" in the Government Domain, off Watt Street, Newcastle. These buildings used still exist but are greatly altered. The Close image is of the first Newcastle barracks buildings.

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  7. Web page: Children's Institutions in Nineteenth Century Sydney
    http://dictionaryofsydney.org/entry/childrens_institutions_in_nineteenth-century_sydney
    Web page
    Note

    2016-06-19 15:17:59.0

    This provides an excellent overview of institutions available to care for poor children during the Nineteenth Century.

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  8. Fractured families : life on the margins in colonial New South Wales / Tanya Evans
    Evans, Tanya, 1972-
    [ Book : 2015 ]
    At 79 libraries
    Fractured families : life on the margins in colonial New South Wales / Tanya Evans
    Note

    2016-01-11 09:49:39.0

    This book investigates the Sydney Benevolent Asylum and its assistance in helping the poor and vulnerable. Many girls who were admitted to Newcastle were also admitted to the Sydney Benevolent Asylum either as children, before they were admitted to Newcastle, or as young women, after they left Newcastle.

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  9. Mental Hospital grounds, Watt Street, Newcastle
    [ Photograph : 1885 ]
    View online
    At Newcastle Region Lib
    Mental Hospital grounds, Watt Street, Newcastle
    Note

    2016-01-11 09:48:04.0

    The building shown was used as the Reformatory when the Industrial School occupied the site. On the left can be seen the Industrial School. The building on the right housed the Newcastle Reformatory once it was opened in 1869.

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  10. THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL AT NEWCASTLE.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Friday 14 February 1868 p 4 Article
    Abstract: THE Industrial School for Girls at Newcastle, one of the reformatory institutions recently brought into existence by the Government under the Act of ... 1403 words
    • Text last corrected on 14 December 2011 by spison
    Digitised article icon
    Note

    2012-04-27 09:50:08.0

    This article gives a good account of the conditions and experiences of the girls in Newcastle and includes the text of the speech given to them by Henry Parkes (later Sir Henry Parkes) on the 9th February, 1868.

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  11. NEWCASTLE. (Abridged from the Pilot April 15.)
    The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Tuesday 18 April 1871 p 3 Article
    Abstract: THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.—Another disturbance has occurred in the Industrial School, this time of rather a ludicrous nature, if it were not that the con ... 588 words
    Digitised article icon
    Note

    2016-01-11 10:04:02.0

    An account of the outbreak of 12 April 1871.

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  12. Web page: "... here is an Asylum open" constructing a culture of government care in Australia 1801 - 2014
    http://nova.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/uon:14435?queryType=vitalDismax&query=hardy+asylum
    Web page
    Note

    2014-10-26 09:17:44.0

    This thesis explores the history and heritage of the Newcastle Government Domain from its origins in the first European settlement at Newcastle in 1801 to its uncertain present as a largely vacated site of mental health care. The Domain is a significant holding of land at the centre of a growing urban area which has remained unalienated from the imperial, colonial and now state government because it has been seen as an asset to be applied to solving a series of contemporary challenges.

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  13. Web page: The Coal River Working Party
    http://coalriver.wordpress.com/
    Web page
    Note

    2012-06-19 09:09:37.0

    For information specific to the site of the school including early paintings and plans, go to:
    Blogroll: Government Domain (James Fletcher Hospital)

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  14. Industrial School for Girls, at Newscatle : (regulations) / New South Wales. Presented to both Houses of Parliament
    New South Wales. Parliament
    [ Book : 1868 ]
    At 2 libraries
    Note

    2011-08-07 12:09:36.0

    School regulations and staff appointments are listed in the Government Gazettes.

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  15. History of the James Fletcher Hospital site / by Dr. John Turner
    Turner, J. W. (John William), 1933-
    [ Book : 1990-1997 ]
    At 2 libraries
    Note

    2012-07-01 07:48:27.0

    After the Industrial School and Reformatory moved to Sydney, the site was used by the Health Department and had various names including the Insane Asylum, Watt Street Mental Hospital and the James Fletcher Hospital.

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  16. NEWCASTLE.
    Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872) Saturday 26 November 1853 p 2 Article Illustrated
    Abstract: NEWCASTLE, formerly known as King's Town, is a free port in the County of Northumberland. It is situated about eighty miles from Sydney, at the mouth ... 324 words
    • Text last corrected on 15 August 2011 by spison
    Digitised article icon
    Note

    2011-08-15 13:14:47.0

    In the illustration "View of Newcastle, Hunter's River" on page four, the Industrial School buildings are located on the bottom right hand side of the picture. This is approximately how they would have appeared at the time the school was housed on the site. The Industrial School building can be seen at the bottom right and the block located centre right housed the reformatory.

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  17. Barracks now part of Watt Street Hospital
    [ Photograph : 1976 ]
    View online
    At Newcastle Region Lib
    Barracks now part of Watt Street Hospital
    Note

    2013-07-19 08:09:59.0

    The Industrial School Building was extended in the late 1870s. The building in the centre of the image was the Industrial School and part of the Reformatory School building is on the extreme right.

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  18. No title
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Monday 13 July 1868 p 4 Article
    Abstract: DISTURBANCE AT THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.—A serious disturbance took place at the Industrial School yesterday morning, says the Newcastle Pilot of Friday ... 555 words
    • Text last corrected on 20 July 2010 by spison
    Digitised article icon
    Note

    2016-01-11 09:56:58.0

    An account of the first riot in the school that occurred on 12 July 1868. The letters of the Colonial Secretary contain fifty handwritten pages of statements from the staff and instigators that explain why it occurred. These statements have been transcribed in full on my site. The following page on my site (#1 above) gives descriptions of what occurred and links to the individual statements.
    http://nis.wikidot.com/the-school

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  19. NEWCASTLE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. [FROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER.]
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Saturday 14 November 1868 p 7 Article
    Abstract: THE Agnes Irving reached Newcastle about half-past 6 o'clock this morning, having on board the Hon. John Robertson, Esq., Colonial Secretary, and the ... 1140 words
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    Note

    2010-11-19 07:55:01.0

    A description of the conditions and surroundings of the Industrial School.

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  20. LOCAL NEWS.
    The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Saturday 4 September 1869 p 2 Article
    Abstract: MR THORNTON'S LECTURE.—The lecture advertised to have been delivered at the School of Arts last evening, by the Rev. James Thornton on "The New Zeala ... 1808 words
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    Note

    2011-03-20 14:03:43.0

    This article, written for the second anniversary of the school, describes the separation between the Industrial School and the Reformatory.

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  21. THE OUTBREAK AT THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, NEWCASTLE. (From the Chronicle of Tuesday.)
    The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Thursday 12 January 1871 p 2 Article
    Abstract: The account of the above disgraceful outbreak, which appeared in our lost issue, although substantially correct, was, owing to the late hour at which ... 579 words
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    Note

    2016-01-11 10:01:42.0

    An account of the second riot on 9 January 1871. Note that this was the first riot while CLARKE was superintendent.

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  22. THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL AT NEWCASTLE (From the Chronicle of yesterday.)
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Wednesday 22 March 1871 p 3 Article
    Abstract: ON Saturday forenoon last Mr. King, Inspector of Public Charities, read Captain Clarke out of, and Mr. Lucas into, the superintendency of the Industr ... 849 words
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    Note

    2016-01-11 10:03:06.0

    An account of the third riot on 20 March 1871. This riot occurred the day that CLARKE left Newcastle. The inmates liked him and his compassionate approach and this riot was probably an objection to his leaving.

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  23. INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, NEWCASTLE.
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Wednesday 29 March 1871 p 5 Article
    Abstract: YESTERDAY a deputation, consisting of Mr. G. A. Lloyd M.L.A., Mr James Hannell (Mayor of Newcastle), Captain Cross, and Mr. R. B. Wallace, had an int ... 1900 words
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    Note

    2012-07-01 07:50:43.0

    This article shows the depth of feeling of the people of Newcastle against the school - especially the Government's poor choice of location. It gives an overview of the major 'incidents'.

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  24. NEWCASTLE. (From the Chronicle, March 28.)
    The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Thursday 30 March 1871 p 3 Article
    Abstract: THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.—On Sunday evening there was yet another charivari at the Industrial School. At seven o'clock, shouting, screaming, shrieking, ... 725 words
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    Note

    2016-01-11 10:03:43.0

    An account of further rioting and damage occurring on 26 March 1871.

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  25. NEWCASTLE. (Abridged from the Chronicle of Tuesday.)
    The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Thursday 1 June 1871 p 2 Article
    Abstract: The older girls belonging to the Industrial School were taken on board the Government steamer Thetis on Saturday, to be removed to Biloela (Cockatoo) ... 228 words
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    Note

    2010-07-14 17:03:25.0

    After reading the reports of the earlier behaviour of the girls, the phrase 'encourage them to sing their favourite songs' brings on a whole new meaning.

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  26. Biloela Industrial School for Girls, Parramatta Rises : (Regulations)
    Biloela Industrial School for Girls (Parramatta, N.S.W.)
    [ Book : 1871 ]
    At RACP Library
  27. Web page: Biloela Reformatory and Industrial School
    http://www.dictionaryofsydney.org/entry/biloela_reformatory_and_industrial_school
    Web page
    Note

    2016-01-11 10:00:35.0

    With regard to what appears on this site please note that both an industrial school and a reformatory operated at Newcastle and both left Newcastle in late May 1871 for Biloela. While the Reformatory section moved to Shaftesbury at Watson's Bay in 1880, the Industrial School remained on Cockatoo Island until 1887 when it was moved to Parramatta. Officials at Newcastle received no less training than those who took over at Biloela - in fact at least two transferred from Newcastle to Biloela. It could also be argued that the Newcastle Superintendent, Joseph Hines CLARKE, was made a scapegoat for everything that went wrong at Newcastle and his letters suggest that his recommendations and requests were often ignored or dismissed by the Government. There is increasing evidence that the decision to move from Newcastle to Sydney was decided for economic reasons. The Vernon had been anchored at Cockatoo Island since early 1867.

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  28. SECOND REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. [CONTINUED.]
    The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Wednesday 3 June 1874 p 7 Article
    Abstract: To his Excellency Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson, K.C.M.G., Governor and Commander-in-chief of the Colony of New South Wales and its Dependencie ... 5815 words
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    Note

    2013-07-19 08:13:56.0

    Even though Newcastle had been closed for three years by 1874, it is interesting to read of the continued difficulties at Biloela. Some discussion of Newcastle is noted in the article. George LUCAS, the Biloela superintendent, who followed Joseph Hines CLARKE as Superintendent is portrayed in a very poor light in this report. Statements made in LUCAS's biography in the ADB must be questioned in light of this report.

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  29. Web page: Parramatta Girls School
    http://www.parragirls.org.au/parramatta-girls-home.php
    Web page
    Note

    2013-07-19 08:14:47.0

    Parramatta Girls School was opened twenty years after Newcastle and conditions were little better. Newspaper reports indicate that the Newcastle girls went on local excursions and spent time swimming on the beach (South Newcastle Beach). The Newcastle buildings were not considered suitable for their purpose as a school but were far better than those on Cockatoo Island - previously the Biloela Gaol.

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  30. Abandon all hope / Bonney Djuric
    Djuric, Bonney, 1954-
    [ Book : 2011 ]
    At 10 libraries
    Abandon all hope / Bonney Djuric
    Note

    2014-07-20 16:22:24.0

    A history of the third of the schools.

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